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Transcript of Hinduism
No specific founder
Created and first believed in India
Historians believe it began around the same time as Indian and Indo-European cultures/societies developed (about 6000 years ago)
Culmination of the Aryan and Indus Valley Culture and Religion
Eric Hetzke and Abbie Porto
Pre AP World History December 2013
Soul never dies
When body dies, soul is reborn
Continuous cycle untill moksha is achieved
The belief that all actions have moral consequences
Too much bad karma=soul born further away from moksha
"Ultimate Reality" (A sort of Hindu heaven)
A universal force that can not be defined
Ultimate source of all being
Central Hindu concept
3 different ways of interpretation
Physical world imaginary
2 distinct realities
Written before 1500 B.C.E.
Four parts of each Veda
Early form of Sanskrit
"Whence this creation has arisen- perhaps it formed itself, or perhaps it did not..." - "Hymn of Creation" Rig-Veda
9% of Malaysian pop.=Tamil Indians
90% are practicing Hindus
Traces of Hinduism still can be found in Malay language, literature and art
Spread to Indonesiain 1st century AD
Islam superseded it in the 13th century except for Bali
Bali now largest Hindu region outside of India
3rd largest religion in the world
spread all over the world
largely spread in Indonesia and Malaysia
Puranas (ancient stories)
The Ramayana and The Mahabharata
Worship and Celebrations
Daily worship at home
Ceremonies at temples
Statues for deities to reside in
Celebrates story from Puranas
Every three years
kumbh(a)- pot of amrit, mela- festival
One of the largest religious gatherings in the world
Celebrates Vishnu, Spring, and grain harvest
Full moon in Phalgun (Feb-March)
"Playing Holi"- people throw colored powder and water at each other
950 million Hindus in the world
Polytheistic and gods represented powers in nature
3 most important gods:
Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma
Celebrates birth of Krishna
Shrines with offerings of sweetmeats and curds
Prayers said throughout the night before
Hinduism is the only surviving present day polytheistic religion
All beings have a soul
Advanced souls take bodies with higher abilities like that of humans
All souls evolve up the ladder
Hinduism is the oldest religion among the existing larger religions
Some Hindus believe in one god with many forms
Women are both honored and suppressed
The gods are happiest when the women are respected
Arranged marriage is best
Men should only marry women in the same class
Written form of "om"
Cattle- the universe
Clothey, Fred W. "Janmashtami." World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 9 Dec. 2013.
Clothey, Fred W. "Holi." World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 9 Dec. 2013.
Clothey, Fred W. "Kumbh Mela." World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 9 Dec. 2013
Hay, Jeff. Hinduism. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven, 2006. Print.
Narayanan, Vasudha. Hinduism. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2010. Print.
OMF. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2013. <http://www.omf.org/omf/uk/asia/religions/hinduism>.
Ramey, Steven W. "Hinduism." World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.
Streissguth, Thomas. Hinduism. San Diego: Lucent, 2002. Print.