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Place of Birth: Medina
Death: 25th Rajab 183 Hijri (4.9.799 AD)
Place of Death: Baghdad, Iraq
Period of Imamat: 35 years. 25th Shawwal 148 AH After the death of his father, on the same day, Imam Musa al-Kazim(a.s.) succeeded the holy office of Imamat as the 7th Imam of 12. In the first decade of his Imamat, Imam Musa al-Kazim(a.s.) had a peaceful execution of the responsibilities of his sacred office and carried on the propagation of the teachings of the Holy Prophet(pbuh). But later on, he fell a victim to the ruling kings and faced many obstacles. To symbolize the beginning of his Imamat and the knowledge, wisdom he has to offer to the Muslims. 158 AH Imamat Death of Hazrat Ismail Hazrat Ismail was the eldest son of Imam Ja’far Sadiq (AS), and when he was 28 years old, Imam Musa Kazim (AS) was born. After the death of Hazrat Ismail, Imam Ja’far Sadiq did his best to spread the news of his death so that no one should think him to be Imam, and people should not be misled. Hazrat Ismail’s death created a division between the Shia. This is because some people at the time believed Imamat was hereditary (meaning eldest son), and not divinely chosen. So some people believed Hazrat Ismail’s son was the next Imam. There is no dispute about where Hazrat Ismail is buried. He is buried in Medina Wisdom of a Child Allama Majlisi relates that once Abu Hanifa happened to call upon the holy abode of Imam Jafar-as-Sadiq(A.S.) to ask him about some religious matters. The Imam was asleep and so he was kept waiting outside till the Imam's awakening. Meanwhile Imam Moosa Kazim(A.S.), who was then 5 years old, came out of his house, Abu Hanifa, after offering him his best compliments, enqired: "O the son of the Holy Prophet! what is your opinion about the deeds of a man? Does he do them by himself or does God makes him do them?" The response Meanwhile Imam Moosa Kazim(A.S.) gave him was extremely impressive and shows the presence of Divine knowledge in his early childhood. 133AH Representation of Imam Musa Kazim (AS) divine knowledge. his response
"O Abu Hanifa", the five year old Imam replied at once, in the typical tone of his ancestors. "The doings of a man are confined to three possibilities. First, that God alone does them while the man is quite helpless. Second, that both God and the man do equally share the commitment. Third, that man does them alone. Now if the first assumption is true, it obviously proves the unjustness of God who punishes his creatures for sins which they have not committed. And if the second condition be acceptable, even then God becomes unjust if He punishes the man for the crimes in which he is equally a partner. But the undesirability of both these conditions is evident in the case of God. Thus we are naturally left with the third alternative to the problem that men are absolutely responsible for their own doings." Last Imprisonment He was arrested in the mosque whilst Imam praying. He was handcuffed and shackled and sent to Basra. Imam(a.s.) was put into prison under the custody of Isa bin Ja'fer. After a year Isa wrote to caliph, he could no longer imprison Imam(a.s.) as he could find only piety and righteousness in him. First imprisonment 164 AH Harun visited Medina and saw the devotion the people had to the Imam. Harun finally moved Imam in the care of Sindi bin Shahak (a very cruel man) for the last four years of his life. Imam remained in prison for the last 19 years of his life.The 19 years of imprisonment gave the Shia population a little relief as the rulers concentrated on Imam. It enabled the Shias to disperse from Arabia to Iran, India etc. thus spreading Islam and it was one of the factors towards the popularity of the 8th Imam. 179 AH Representation of the prison bars.
Shaikh Abdullah ibn Muhammad Aamayree Sibraawee Shafei in his book ‘Ittayhaf,’ mentions that when Imam Musa Kazim was in prison during the time of Caliph Haroon al Rashid, Kazi Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn Hasan Shaybani visited the Imam at night to ask him about some urgent problems. The guard of the prison came to the Imam and told him that as his duty was over, he was going home and would return the next day. After the guard left, the Imam told his guests that the guard would die tonight. In the middle of the night, the person who was sent to watch the guards' house, heard the sound of crying, and upon making inquiries, he was informed that the prison guard had died. He returned to Kazi Abu Yusuf who had sent him, and informed him of this. All were wonder-struck and fully realized the powers of the Imam. Predicted the death of a guard
Miracle 169 AH Hussajn Ibn-e-Ali one of the Alvis of Madina stood up by the order of Imam Musa Kazim (A.S.) against Hadi the Abbasade caliph along with three hundred men, because of the pressure and brutalities, and tyranny of that government committed against the sons of Ali (A.S.). Finally, the soldiers of Hadi besieged them on the land of Fakh and committed a mass killing of them, cutting their heads off. And carried the heads along with some prisoners to Hadi. Hadi ordered the prisoners to be slain. This event is known as the incident of Fakh and this Alvi fighter is known as the "Hussain," martyr of Fakh. The Incident of Fakh 170 A.H Harassment of Imam Musa Kazim (AS) HARUN AR-RASHID succeeded as the caliph. His ancestors' traditional cruelty towards the descendants of Imam Ali (as) and Fatima was well in his view. He knew quite well the plans of his father against IMAM JA'FAR AS-SADIQ (AS) as well as his own intentions to do away with the Imam's successor. On one hand, the sagacious and wise will of IMAM JA'FAR AS-SADIQ (AS), whose moral obligations had rendered AL-MANSUR'S designs futile, safeguarded IMAM MUSA AL-KAZIM'S life; on the other hand, the building of the new capital of Baghdad totally absorbed the attention of his antagonist. But HARUN had no such obstacles or engagements. The only plan he could think of was to secure his power and abolish the academy of spiritual excellence which stood in the HASHEMITES' center in Medina. However, the calm and cautious policy of IMAM MUSA AL-KAZIM (AS), as well as the internal problems of government, did not allow HARUN to harass the Imam openly. 165 AH AL-MANSUR AL-DAWANIQI died in 158 A.H.(775 A.D.) and was succeeded by his son AL-MAHDI. Al-Mahdi arrested the Imam. In Asia,
Emperor Kōnin ascends to the throne of Japan, succeeding Empress Shōtoku. A 1.2% growth of carbon-14 concentration recorded in tree rings suggests that a very strong radiation burst may have hit the earth in either 774 or 775 (AD).
In Europe, Charlemagne defines the Papal territory, Talorcan II succeeds Drest III as king of the Picts, and Alcuin becomes Charlemagne's chief adviser on religious and educational matters. In Europe, Charlemagne summons the monk and scholar Alcuin of York to head the palace school at Aachen in order to inspire the revival of education in Europe. The Massacre of Verden is ordered by Charlemagne against the Saxons. Part of the religeous history, Beatus of Liébana, Spanish monk, publishes his Commentary on the Apocalypse. As well as the births of Emperor Saga and Emperor Junna of Japan. The Second Council of Nicaea met in AD 787 in Nicaea (site of the First Council of Nicaea; present-day İznik in Turkey) to restore the use and veneration of icons (or, holy images), which had been suppressed by imperial edict inside the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Leo III. In Europe, Coenwulf becomes king of Mercia and Charlemagne defeats the Avars. 148 A.H. Birth of Imam Ali Raza (AS) Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (A.S.), the eighth Holy Imam was born on 11th Zee al-Qa’adah 148 A.H. in the holy city of Madinah. He was divinely entitled ‘Al-Reza”(meaning hat Allah Almighty and His Holy Messenger (S.A.W.W.) were deeply pleased with him).
In Africa, The Zenete Berber tribe of Banû Ifrân rebels against the Abbasids and creates an independent state centered around Tlemcen. In religion, the oldest surviving printed document, a Buddhist scripture, is printed in Korea.Theodore succeeds Theophylact as Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch. Silla minister Gim Daeseong orders construction to begin on the Bulguksa and Seokguram temples at Gyeongju. An hour for the supplication to Allah and an hour of it for the affairs of its economy and livelihood and still another hour for social contact with the brothers and persons of confidence who may let you learn your shortcomings and faults and they have sincere interior heart for you. Imam Al-Kazim(A.S.) said to one of his sons: O son, let not Allah see you committing an act of disobedience against which he warned you, and let Him not miss you in an act of obedience to him of which He ordered you. Keep serious and do not convince yourself that you are worshiping and obeying Allah perfectly, because no one can achieve perfection in the fields of worshiping Allah. Beware of joking because it extinguished the illumination of your faith and disgraces your personality. Beware of indolence and laziness because they both prevent you from receiving your shares of the pleasures of this world and the world to come.