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Reconstruction

Reform and Democracy
by

Garrett Lau

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Reconstruction

Prohibitionists- Supporters of Prohibition Primary Episodes: 18th Amendment
Volstead Act
Speakeasies
Gangsters
St. Valentines Day Massacare
The Lindbergh Law
21st Amendment Prohibition and Crime:
Conflict, Change, and Reform Generalization: Often times, citizens attempt to reform society for the better, but in turn, an inverse effect occurs. Faults of Prohibition Volstead Act Era: 1920-1933 Speakeasies replaced saloons
Speakeasies were illegal bars where drinks were sold, during the time of prohibition. it was called a speakeasy because people literally had to speak easy so they were not caught drinking alcohol by the police. Speakeasies Bootleggers were smugglers of illegal alcohol during the prohibition era.
The name came from old practice of drinkers hiding flasks of liquor in the leg of their boots
Many people wanted their alcoholic drinks, despite the law, so turned to bootleggers to supply them Gangsterism St. Valentines Day Massacre St. Valentines Day Massacre Al Capone Gangsterism Lindbergh Law End of Prohibition Prohibition was primarily supported by churches and women.
Prohibition was especially popular in the South, where white southerners were eager to keep stimulants out of the hands of blacks, and in the West, where alcohol was associated with crime and corruption.
Prohibitionists were naïve in that Federal authorities had never been able to enforce a law where the majority of the people were hostile to it. Workers grieved over their loss of cheap beer
Both State and federal agencies were understaffed law enforcers were easily susceptible to bribery.
Both men and women drank hard liquor in staggering volume via smuggling from Canada.
“Home brew” and “bathtub gin” became popular but some produced blindness, even death Eighteenth Amendment Ratified on January 16, 1919, the Eighteenth Amendment prohibited the manufacture, transport, or sale of alcoholic beverages.
The 18th Amendment also established the era of prohibition in the United States. This was the law enacted by congress to enforce the 18th amendment.
The Volstead Act stated that "no person shall manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish or possess any intoxicating liquor except as authorized by this act." Created by: Garrett Lau, Hudson Quesada, and Tristen Craven. Conclusion:
Gangs eventually moved into other activities as well, these included prostitution, gambling, and narcotics, and kidnapping for ransom.
By 1930, their annual profit was a whopping $12 – 18 billion. Bootleggers Prohibition spawned large profits of illegal alcohol, which led to the bribery of police. Violent wars broke out in the big cities between rival gangs, who sought control of the booze market.
Chicago was the most spectacular example of lawlessness. February 14, 1929, this was the murder of seven mob associates by Al Capone's men during a prohibition era conflict between two rival gangs in Chicago. The South Side Italian gang was led by Al Capone and the North Side Irish gang led by Bugs Morgan. “Scarface” Al Capone was the most infamous of the prohibition era gangsters.
Capone was a murderous booze distributor, began 6 years of gang warfare that generated millions of dollars. Capone was eventually tried and convicted of income-tax evasion and sent to prison for 11 years. This amendment repealed the eighteenth amendment to the united states constitution, which had mandated nationwide prohibition on alcohol.
The twenty-first amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933, thus ending Prohibition. After the son of Charles A. Lindbergh was kidnapped for ransom and murdered; Congress passed the Lindbergh Law in 1932
This law made interstate abduction in certain circumstances a death-penalty offense. Prohibition came to an end with the coming depression, as the population argued that the economy would boom if farmers were able to sell their grains for the purpose of making alcohol.
The Government also realized that revenue could be made by the taxation of alcohol. Prohibition agents pour liquor into the sewer while the New York City Deputy Police Commissioner looks on You cannot regulate morality The Twenty-first Amendment http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5x3KEVrnaR0&feature=youtu.be While people try to regulate issues for crime to decrease, the opposite occurs and crime increase. Thanks for listening to our beautiful presenters
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