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Achievements of Ancient Greece
Transcript of Achievements of Ancient Greece
A temple to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their protector. http://rav-historyofwesternarts.blogspot.com/2010/06/greek-architecture.html Propylaea (Ceremonial Gateway) 437BCE http://www.history.com/photos/greek-architecture/photo5# The ruins of many ancient buildings can still be seen today in Greece. Greek designers and builders took great care in constructing their buildings because they wanted their buildings to reflect the greatness of their city. The modern alphabet can be traced to ancient Greece. They introduced vowels. Greeks excelled at writing. They created new forms of writing. drama/plays history http://www.flickr.com/photos/telemax/3210586934/ Greek Plays Writing History Plays were written as part of religious ceremonies in honor of gods and heroes.
Some plays were written and acted out for entertainment. Types of plays -
tragedy: described hardships of Greek heroes
comedy: mad fun of people and ideas Greeks were among the first people to write about history. They were interested in the lessons history could teach. Thucydides: one of the greatest Greek historians
He wrote about his experiences in the Peloponnesian War as an Athenian soldier.
Even though he was from Athens, he tried to be neutral in his writing. neutral: unbiased, not favoring either side in a conflict The ancient Greeks worshiped gods and goddesses whose actions explained many of the mysteries of the world.
But by around 500 BCE, a few people had begun to think about other explanations.
We call these people philosophers. They believed in the power of the human mind to think, explain, and understand life. http://peritexnisologos.blogspot.com/ He was a teacher and taught by asking questions.
He questioned about human qualities such as love and courage.
"What is courage?"
When people answered, he challenged their answers with more questions.
He angered and frightened people, and they accused him of questioning the authority of the gods.
Thus, he was arrested and condemned to death by poising. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APlato_Pio-Clemetino_Inv305.jpg As a student of Socrates, he too was a teacher and a philosopher.
Plato created a school called the Academy, a place where other philosophers and scientists discussed ideas.
The Republic: Plato's written dialogue describing his ideal society. This society is based on justice and fairness. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAristotle_Altemps_Inv8575.jpg Styles of Greek Columns Aristotle was perhaps one of the greatest thinkers, and Plato's student.
He believed that people should live a life of moderation and find balance between a greedy and a scant existence.
Aristotle believed that the balance was based on reason; clear and ordered thinking.
He made great advances in the field of logic. Through inferencing, he suggested that you could use previous knowledge to figure new information. Mathematics http://ualr.edu/lasmoller/pythag.html People such as Euclid studied geometry; the study of lines, angles, and shapes. Math was also used to accurately calculate the size of the Earth and was later used in astronomy. Pythagoras (c. 569 B.C.E.-500 B.C.E.) Medicine Greek doctors studies the human body and in trying help the sick, many discoveries were made. Hippocrates: a famous Greek doctor know for his ideas about how doctors should behave. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/hippocratic-oath-today.html Engineering Greek engineers made great inventions that are still used today. Archimedes:
Water displacement and water screw http://archimedespalimpsest.org/about/history/archimedes.php Who were the three prominent Greek philosophers during this time?
...and in what order, starting with the first? In what ways have the discoveries in science and math in ancient Greece effected us today?