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Communism in America
Transcript of Communism in America
Elizabeth Leornard Communism in America in the United States What is Communism? Communism in the 1930's Marx's Ideas and the Basis of Communism "Workers of the world unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains"
The main themes discussed in the Communist Manifesto include the ideas that everyone should be equal, democracy will eventually lead to socialism and public ownership of property is ideal Who is Karl Marx? Marx is a German philosopher, social scientist, historian and revolutionary
After moving to Paris, Marx intends to try and combine the ideas of French Socialism and the Hagelians, a radical German group who are against Prussian autocracy and have a radical critique of Christianity
Marx writes various manuscripts outlining communism
He writes the Communist Manifesto and shortly thereafter in 1948, revolutions break out across Europe Communism in America In 1919, the Communist Party is founded in America
Chicago becomes the birthplace of the party and it is the center of the ideology until 1927 when the headquarters are moved to NYC
The Party fights against racial discrimination in factories
The Communist Party organizes the American Negro Labor Congress to help bring African Americans into the labor movement in October 1925 Communism's Appeal For many, communism offers a viable alternative to the capitalist economic order
In the early 1930's while the rest of the world plunges deeper into depression, the Soviet economy appears to be booming
Soviet advancements in science, medicine and economic growth vastly eclipses the promises of capitalism
The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) appeals to the unemployed, scientists, writers, artists, and other intellectuals African Americans and Communism Communism is especially appealing to African Americans because their economic hardship is exacerbated by racism and discrimination
Many blacks struggling for jobs and civil rights turn to the Communist Party as a means for a better life Communism is a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership is ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state
It is a political and economic ideology that aims to replace all private ownership African American Writers and Communism In the late 1930's, Communisms appeal increases among artists and writers
Langston Hughes, Lorraine Hansberry, W.E.B DuBois and Richard Wright are all in some way or another connected with the Communist Party Scottsboro Boys Trial In 1931, nine African American boys are falsly charged with raping two white women who are riding the train with them
The Communist Party supports the boys by hiring highly qualified attorneys to represent them and by staging protests
The Communist Party stands by the boys all the way to the Supreme Court African Americans and Communists Many African Americans are captivated by the Communist Party because the Communists allow blacks to hold positions of power in the organization.
The Party does not tolerate racial prejudice in its organization and kicks out members who are
The Communist Party is the reason that African Americans are eventually allowed to join in Labor Unions CE Ruthenberg Decline of Communism During the late 1930's the Communist Party of America begins to lose members due to the start of World War II
The idea of Communism loses some of its appeal once the actions of Stalin, against his own people, come into light The Second Red Scare The onset of the Cold War has major ramifications for the Communist Party in the United States
Suddenly, American Communists represent a major threat to society
Fear transforms members of the Communist Party from a minor nuisance into a formidable enemy
Senator Joseph McCarthy makes it his mission to rid the United States of Communists Communism Today During the early 20th century, many African Americans embrace the ideals of Communism
During the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's most African Americans distance themselves from the American Communist Party
Today Communism is a very minor party in the shadows of larger political parties and issues