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Rabindranath Tagore

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by

Debas Chakraborty

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore
Born: May 7, 1861-Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India

Occupation: Poet, short-story writer, song composer, novelist, playwright,
essayist, and painter etc.

Language: Bengali, English

Nationality: Indian

Ethnicity: Bengali About Him Who was he? Rabindranath Thakur, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped his region's literature and music. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. His seemingly mesmeric personality, flowing hair, and otherworldly dress earned him a prophet-like reputation in the West. He was highly influential in introducing the best of Indian culture to the West and vice versa, and he is generally regarded as the outstanding creative artist of modern India. Tagore's poetic style, which proceeds from a lineage established by 15th- and 16th-century Vaishnava poets, ranges from classical formalism to the comic, visionary, and ecstatic. He was influenced by the rishi-authors of the Upanishads, the Bhakti-Sufi mystic Kabir, and Ramprasad Sen. Tagore's most innovative and mature poetry embodies his exposure to Bengali rural folk music. During his Shelaidaha years, his poems took on a lyrical voice of the moner manush, the 'Baāuls' "man within the heart" and Tagore's "life force of his deep recesses", or meditating upon the"living God within". Among his fifty volumes of poetry are Manasi (1890) [The Ideal One] and Sonar Tori(1894) [The Golden Boat] etc. A Poet A song composer

Tagore was a prolific composer with 2,230 songs to his credit. His songs are known as Rabindrasangit ("Tagore Song"), which merges fluidly into his literature.Influenced by the thumri style of Hindustani Classical music, he ran the entire gamut of human emotion.He emulated the tonal color of classical ragas to varying extents. Some songs mimicked a given raga's melody and rhythm faithfully; others newly blended elements of different ragas. A Painter

At sixty, Tagore took up drawing and painting; successful exhibitions of his many works were held throughout Europe. He was likely red-green color blind, resulting in works that exhibited strange colour schemes and off-beat aesthetics. Tagore was influenced by scrimshaw from northern New Ireland, Haida carvings from British Columbia, and woodcuts by Max Pechstein. His artist's eye for his handwriting were revealed in the simple artistic and rhythmic leitmotifs embellishing the scribbles, cross-outs, and word layouts of his manuscripts. And guess what...
Thats not it,
There's many more! Playwright At twenty he wrote his first drama-opera: Valmiki Pratibha (The Genius of Valmiki).Through it Tagore explores a wide range of dramatic styles and emotions.Another play, Dak Ghar (The Post Office), describes the child Amal defying his stuffy and puerile confines by ultimately "fall[ing' asleep", hinting his physical death. A story with borderless appeal His most famous play which had also been directed as a movie is Cabuliwalah. His other plays are:-
1. My Lord, the Baby
2. The Kingdom of Cards
3. The Devotee
4. Living or Dead?
5. Renunciation Kabiguru Rabindranath Tagore passed away on the 7th of August 1941 (aged 80) A Novelist Rabindranath Tagore, popularly known as Rabithakur or Kabiguru, was a great novelist.Tagore wrote eight novels and four novellas (short novels). With the translations of some of his novels in the West, he became popularly known among them as well. His famous book Gitanjali is known worldwide. His other woks are:-
1. Home ad the World
2. My Reminiscences
3. Creative Unity
4. Glimpses of Bengal
5. Sadhana Tagore is also recalled, evaluated and recognized as a social reformer and activist. He was immensely concerned, tirelessly active, and deeply thoughtful about poverty, ignorance, illiteracy, superstitions, and such other social evils in our country. He sometimes contributed to Gandhiji’s (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’s) strive against British imperialism. Some of his works amongst his uncountable notable Works...

Gitanjali, Gora, Ghare-Baire, Rabindra Sangeet,
He has also written the national anthem for two countries:
India: Jana Gana Mana
and
Bangladesh: Amar Shonar Bangla Some of Tagore's many Awards

-The Nobel Prize for literature in 1913
-The Knight Title in 1915(this was rejected in protest to the inhuman act by General Dyer in Jallianwala Bagh, Punjab in 1919.) Short Story Writer

Tagore wrote many stories during his career.
Golpoguchchho was written in Tagore’s Sabuj
Patra period, which lasted from 1914 to 1917
and was named for another of his magazines.
It comprises eighty-four stories that reflect upon
the author’s surroundings, on modern and
fashionable ideas, and on mind puzzles.
Thank you for giving us a chance to learn and present about Kabiguru Rabindranath Tagore. We are obliged.

Brought to you by,
Debasmita(A.K.A Jaani),
Aarchisha(A.K.A Rahi)
and Devajyoti(A.K.A Hrik) "I slept and dreamt that life was joy. I awoke and saw that life was service. I acted and behold, service was joy"-Tagore "I'm lost in the middle of my birthday. I want my friends, their touch, with the earth's last love. I will take life's final offering, I will take the last human blessing."-Tagore "Whatever we treasure for ourselves separates us from others; our possessions are our limitations."- Tagore "God seeks comrades and claims love, the Devil seeks slaves and claims obedience."- Tagore
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