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The Cuba Story Unfolds

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by

Tasia Cox

on 27 September 2016

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Transcript of The Cuba Story Unfolds

The Explosion of the 'Maine'
In Come the Americans
The Cuba Story Unfolds
To show America’s concern President McKinley sent the USS Maine down to Havana Harbor
Shortly after the rebellion against Spanish Rule in Cuba broke out, the USS Maine exploded.
"Extra, Extra...Read all about it!"
American newspapers played up the tragedy declaring that Spain was the cause of the explosion.
The newspapers used emotion rather than facts to sell papers.
This is called 'Yellow Journalism'.

“Jingoism” (extreme patriotism) increased as reporting was one-sided.
We don't want to fight: but if we do, by Jingo, We've got the ships, we've got the men, and got the money, too!".

Newspaper men William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer played up the tragedy of the Cuban people.
Yellow Journalism was their tool.

The De Lome Letter.....
...was a letter written by the Spanish Ambassador to the United States, Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, criticized American President William McKinley by calling him weak and concerned only with gaining the favor of the crowd.
Publication of the letter (aided by 'Yellow Journalism' tactics) helped generate public support for a war with Spain over the issue of independence for the Spanish colony of Cuba.
This Means War!!!
Pressure built on President William McKinley (R) to do something about Cuba.
Others saw this as an opportunity to get America involved in the world.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt ordered the navy to attack the Philippines if war began.
The Philippines were also owned by Spain.
TR wanted America in the Philippines because it would aid trade in Asia.

The new steam-powered, steel-hulled navy led by Captain Dewey sank the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Harbor.
This war is going to be known as the 'Spanish-American War'.
In addition to the combat in the Philippines, Theodore Roosevelt (not president yet), wants to get involved in Cuba...
TR created a volunteer army of cowboys and his rich friends called the Rough Riders.
He became a hero as he led a charge in Cuba.

However, in 1976 (78 years later!!!) it was determined that the explosion was caused internally by a fire that lighted ammunition stock...
African American troops would fight bravely in the Spanish-American War.
They received very little publicity.
Black troops gained fame as Indian fighters out west..

The war ended within three months of combat.
Though short, America gained the rest of Spain's empire.
Overall, the Americans would capture the Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico.
In the end, the US becomes a very busy 'baby-sitter'...
America’s new empire often presented more problems than benefits.
Full transcript