Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Chapter 14- Personality

No description

patil derhovagimian

on 3 April 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Chapter 14- Personality

Chapter 14- Personality
unique attitudes, behaviors and emotions that define a person
Type A
easily angerd, feel pressure all the time, competitive and ambitious, work hard, play hard
higher risk of heart disease
Type B
relaxed and easy going
Freud's Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic Approach
believed that personality is mostly formed in early childhood
sexual urges were an important part of personality development
Freud's 3 Levels of the Mind
conscious- includes everything we are aware of
preconscious- contains information and feelings we can easily recall
unconscious- contains wishes, impulses, memories, and feelings generally inaccessible to the conscious
Freud's 3 Systems of Personality
Id-(unconscious) pleasure, immediate gratification "Give me, I want" irrational, self-centered
Ego-(unconscious/conscious) mediates between instinctual needs and conditions of the environment-reality principle

Freud's 3 Systems of Personality
superego-(unconscious/conscious) composed of the conscious mind that punishes us by making us feel guilt and the ego-ideal that rewards us by making us feel proud

you are cramming for a test
Id tells you to ditch studying and party
Superego tells you to study because it is the right thing to do
Ego compromises- study for 2 more hours and then go to the party
Defense Mechanisms
Ego uses them to protect the conscious mind
1. repression- (most powerful) pushes away threatening thoughts, feelings, memories into the unconscious mind(unconscious forgetting)
Defense Mechanisms
2. regression- going back to an earlier level of development that is more immature and pleasurable
3. rationalization- offering socially acceptable reasons for our inappropriate behaviors
Defense Mechanisms
4. projection- blaming others for our undesirable thoughts, feelings, and actions
5. displacement- individual directs aggressive/sexual feelings away from primary object (punch the wall instead of the face)
Defense Mechanisms
6. reaction formation- acting in a manner exactly opposite of our true feelings
7. sublimation- turning sexual/aggressive impulses into more acceptable ones(painting nude photos instead of acting on sexual desires)
Freud's Psychosexual Theory of Development
1. oral stage-birth to 1
pleasure from sucking
dependent personality: overeating, smoking, gullible('swallow' ideas)
Psychosexual Development
2. anal stage- 1-3
pleasure in holding in or letting go of feces, toilet training through control of their anal sphincter muscles
stingy, neat, stubborn, compulsive
Psychosexual Development
3. phallic stage- 3-6
pleasure from self-stimulation of genitals; from an attraction to the parent of the same sex

Phallic Stage
castration anxiety- fear that fathers will punish boys and cut off their genitals
oedipus complex-boys want to kill their fathers to sexually posses their mothers
electra complex- girls realize they love their fathers more than mothers
penis envy-realize they have no penis
Psychosexual Development
4. latency stage- 6-11
suppressed sexuality; sexual interest turns into interest in schoolwork/playing- start feeling inferior
Psychosexual Development
5. genital stage- 11...
adolescence to adulthood
masturbation is introduced
sexual and romantic interest becomes most important
Carl Jung
unconscious consists of two parts
personal- hold in threatening/painful memories that you don't want to confront
collective- passed down through species; explains similarities between cultures
Collective Unconscious
archetypes- universal concepts we all share as part of the human species(literature, religion)
individualism- psychological process in which we become an individual
Humanistic Approach
humans are born good and strive for positive personal growth
self-actualization- reaching toward the best person we can be(abraham maslow)
unconditional positive regard- acceptance, that no matter you will be loved(carl rogers)
Cognitive/Social Approach
human nature is innate but influenced by the environment
reciprocal determinism- personality is created through an interaction between a person, the environment, and the person's behavior(bandura)
Cognitive/Social Approach
internal locus of control- feel that you are responsible for what happens to you(more successful)
external locus of control- believe that luck and other forces outside of your control determine your destiny
The Big Five Personality Factors
openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
Hans Eysenck- Personality Traits
1. extroversion-sociability/attention to external world(outgoing/shy we are)
2. neuroticism-level of instability; moody/anxious as opposed to calm/reliable
3. psychoticism-level of tough-mindedness; hostile/ruthless as opposed to friendly/cooperative
Assessment Techniques
projective personality tests
presenting ambiguous (double meaning) stimuli
inkblots or pictures- assumption is that the test taker will project his unconscious thoughts or feelings about the stimuli
Projective Personality Tests
1. Rorschach inkblot- inkblot cards
asked to describe what they see(unconscious thoughts)
unreliable- relies on therapists interpretation
Projective Personality Tests
2. Thematic Apperception Test(TAT)
20 cards that portray human figures
test taker must tell a story based on pic
measures patterns of thoughts/attitudes
Assessment of Personality
self-report methods- most common personality assessment technique
answer a series of questions that supplies information about him/herself
Self-Report Method
MMPI-2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2)
567 true/false items
patterns and responses reveal personality dimensions
cannot control if someone is being honest
Full transcript