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Hazara Pashtun Conflict

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by

Alex Zhang

on 31 March 2011

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Transcript of Hazara Pashtun Conflict

Hazara-Pashtun Conflict in Afghanistan Origin The Hazara-Pashtun conflict has been an ongoing series of clashes dating back to the 16th century. Pashtuns are mostly Sunni Muslim and Hazaras are mostly Shi'a. The origin of the conflict cannot be directly traced back, but many historians claim that after the fall of the Mongolian Genghis Khan, many Mongolians migrated to Afghanistan. Population The Pashtun population are a overwhelmingly majority of the overall population of Afghanistan as compared to the Hazara population. As of 2010, The Hazara make up 9% of Afghanistan's population. Why? The main result of warfare and ethnic persecution is directly linked with religion. The Pashtun belong to the Islamic sub sect of Sunnism, while the Hazara belong to the significantly smaller Shiaism. Since the 18th century rule of King Abdur Rahman Khan, the religious and ethnic persecution had an all time high in Afghanistan. 8 August 1998 The Taliban, primarily made up of Pashtun tribes, first began as a means of their anti-Hazara by claiming that the Hazaras are not Muslim and are infidels. The Taliban began to extremely oppress the Hazara community and any man, woman or child that tried to protest would immediately be killed. The Taliban then began the 1998 Hazara Massacre, though initially indiscriminate, soon became targeted against the Hazaras, which resulted in a numerous amount of murders, rape and theft of the Hazara people. Approximately 5000 to 6000 Hazaras were murdered Pashtuns The Pashtuns are mostly Sunni Muslims, speak Pashto and are overwhelmingly caucasian. Hazaras The Hazaras are mostly Shi'a Musliam, speak a distinct dialect of persian, and appear asiatic. Some Hazaras looklike pure Mongols or Chinese Difference between Sunni and Shia Muslim After Muhammad’s death, there was disagreement on who should be the next spiritual leader. This means that the conflict was not only because of religion but because of a difference in political views. The Sunni Muslims believed that the one to take Muhammad’s place should be one of his companions while the Shi'a Muslims believed that it should be Muhammad’s son-in-law.
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