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Video Editing Techniques
Transcript of Video Editing Techniques
Fast Cuts to follow the action.
Cutting to the Soundtrack- Each scene is influenced by the style of the soundtrack, the increase in pace and beat of the song creates suspense. There are fast cuts in the trailer which firs with the soundtrack.
Fade Transition: Like film 1 there is a transition in this clip, although in this clip it is used for a different purpose. In one part of the clip there is a slow fade transition (pitch black) which complies with the soundtrack to engage the audience and create effect, unlike the dissolve in film 1 which is used to create a smooth cut.
A dissolve transition is a smooth way to make shots join together. This type of transition works in this clip as the majority of the clip uses seamless editing.
Transitions were used around 1916 by filmmakers such as d W Griffith although they became more familiar to filmmakers in the 1930's. I found a 1945 clip from the film 'Spellbound' that demonstrates two different dissolves that have different cinematic meanings. One is used to indicate the entrance into an altered mental state (waking/dream state) and the other is used in a montage.
Film 1: The Shining
Film 3- You're Next Trailer
Slow Cuts & Seamless Editing- (Invisible Editing), watching something without realising that it's been edited. The purpose of this is that the shot is well matched to the action, allowing it to slow without the audience noticing it.
In my opinion this type of editing technique works for this type of genre of film horror'. In a typical horror film, Todorov's narrative theory is applied of an equilibrium, disruption, resolution, equilibrium, it is applied through slow cuts at the start of the film create a calm viewing experience.
This method was used in early editing (1903). Edwin S Porter created a 12 minute short film that displayed early editing techniques such as long cuts and cross cutting. The popularity of the film led to directly opening up permanent movie theatres.
Jump Cut: Used near the beginning of the clip to disrupt the equilibrium. The purpose of this is to change the pace of the edit from slow to fast.
Montage: Used once the action begins. Shots are purposely juxtaposed in a fast pace that compresses time and gets a lot of information across to the viewer in a small amount of time. Montages are often used in Trailers.
In 1916 D.W Griffith showed the first signs of fast cutting in his film 'Intolerance'. The jazzardness of his cutting, the mismatches and the jumps achieved tension within scenes which totally destroyed continuity, which is a style of editing that creates a smooth flow between all the clips so the narrative of the story is clearly put across to the viewer without any interruptions. Griffith is known for developing a variation of different editing techniques.
D W Griffith's contribution to editing influenced the art of editing worldwide. The Moscow film school of the 1920's played the film Intolerance over and over again in order for the students to use his techniques.
One of the most influential directors of this era was Sergei Eisenstein who transformed the principles of classical editing by creating the editing technique Montage.
Soviet filmmakers sure montage an opportunity to create a useful propaganda tool. It was a quick was to put together a number of shots more or less quickly that pointed out an idea. Montage was re introduced to the cinema in the 1930's through Charlie Chaplin's 1936 film 'Modern Times'. but this time it was used for an entertainment purpose.
Film 3) 2014 Haribo Starmix Advert
Continuity: Unlike the 'You're Next' trailer This clip shows clear continuity. There is a smooth flow and slow pace between each clip which makes the narrative of the story obvious. This type of editing technique was developed in 1903 (early editing) where simple techniques were used.
Point of view shot: shows a view of the sweet from the subjects perspective. The earliest subjective images were the so-called 'phantom rides' filmed from in front of a moving vehicle in the 1890's. Alfred Hitchcock made frequent use of POV shots, often shifting character perspective within a scene. He managed to reflect voyeuristic personality by provided a psychological insight to the characters life through POV shots.
Shot Reverse Shot- Where one character is shown looking at another character. This type of editing technique is used to make the audience believe that the two characters are having a conversation between each other. This type of editing technique will have also been developed in the era of Griffith.