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Prohibition, Organized Crime, and Al Capone

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Caitlin Kurz

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Prohibition, Organized Crime, and Al Capone

Prohibition, Organized Crime,
and Al Capone Prohibition: Organized
Crime: Overview: Overview: Prohibition
Prohibition lasted from 1919 until 1933.
As a result of Prohibition organized crime significantly increased.
Organized Crime developed greatly in the 1920's.
Very dangerous activities occurred.
Al Capone
One of the most notorious American gangsters in the 1920s.
He was also known as Alphonse Capone or Scarface.
Took full advantage of the prohibition situation.
Prohibition: Organized Crime: Prohibition, Organized Crime, and Al Capone Al Capone: 1920's One of the most notorious American gangsters in the 1920s.
He was also known as Alphonse Capone or Scarface.
He took full advantage of the criminal opportunities available during the Prohibition.
Had his start in crime in New York, but made a name for himself by running an organized crime gang in Chicago during the 1920s.
Became an icon figure of the successful American gangster. Organized Crime - The FBI defines organized crime as any group having some manner of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities.
People like Al Capone, Bonnie and Clyde, and John Dillinger were famous criminals from this time.
Jobs were scarce so people had to find new ways to make money.
Breaking the law was an easy, but risky, way to earn money.
Prohibition created a large foundation for illegal activities.
January 1920 prohibition began as a plan to reduce crime and violence, however this backfired and instead served as a catalyst for crime and violence.
The US government set up the FPB (Federal Prohibition Bureau) to watch over these crimes, however this did not assist the problems much at all. These task forces were only able to get 5% of the alcohol.
After 13 years the prohibition act was taken back because it was not working.
Prohibition was a good idea, but it completely backfired. If not for this idea organized crime would not have grown to be as powerful as it became. Al Capone: Childhood: Career: Family Life: Scarface: Born to Italian emigrant family living in Brooklyn, New York.
Normal childhood within a tight-knit family trying to make it in a new country.
Capone dropped out of school at 14 to help earn money for the family.
First joined a teenage street gang called the South Brooklyn Rippers, and later the Five Point Juniors.
They roamed the streets and carried out petty crimes. • 1917- Capone begins for for Frankie Yale at the Harvard Inn.• Worked as a bartender and waiter.• He watched and learned how Yale used violence stay in control of his empire.• One day he noticed an attractive woman sitting with a man at the Inn.• After his initial advances were ignored, he decided for a more personal approach. • “Honey, you have a nice ass and I mean that as a compliment.”• The the brother wanted to defended her honor.• 3 cuts on Capones left cheek.• Hence his nickname “Scarface” which he hated. Death: Around 1920 Al left the East Coast to move to Chicago.• He was looking to work under Johnny Torrio.
Torrio was the complete opposite of Yale.
Sophisticated gentleman that preferred negotiations to violence.• Capone would learn a lot from him.
Al worked hard for his respect, and in March 1925 he inherited Torrios empire.
Capone was now in charge of a range of high-profit businesses.
Proudly strutted in his white fedora and various colorful suits.
Also known for his generosity.
Some citizens believed him to be a modern-day Robin Hood.
Capone could also be ruthless.
The most famous hit ordered by Capone was the St. Valentines Day Massacre.
Most of Morans top men were gunned down that day.
On October 6, 1931, Capone was brought to trial for tax evasion.
Capone was sentenced to 11 years in prison, $50,000 in fines and $30,000 in court costs.
First taken to Atlanta Penitentiary in Georgia but then was moved to Alcatraz.
Just when life became brutal, he began to feel the effects of syphilis.
He grew disoriented, experienced convulsions, slurred speech and a shuffling walk.
He was paroled on November 16, 1939. Capone had tertiary syphilis.
He spent his remaining years at this estate in Miami, Florida.
Al Capone died on January 25, 1947 at age 48. Al meets Mary “Mae” Coughlin.
Married on December 30 1918.
Albert Francis Capone (a.k.a. “Sonny”)- Caponeʼs only child.
Loving father and husband.
Family and business were kept separate.
Unknowingly contracted syphilis from a prostitute before meeting Mae.
The disease would greatly affect his health later on. Details: Bribing was common during this time, and the creativity of hiding places increased as well.
Police were focused on prohibition related crimes rather than other crime that was happening before the start of the prohibition.
The quality of the illegal alcohol was low, this caused a lot of people to become sick. Alcohol related deaths rose by 400%.
Prohibition doubled the amount of illegal bars and saloons.
Some would argue alcohol was more available during the prohibition than before it, due to the immense bootlegging. - However, as a result of the prohibition, there was a steep increase in organized crime.
- There was still a want for alcohol even though it was illegal.
- “Supply and demand”.
- These organized criminals were typically gangs that set up a business.
- These gangs used “rum-runners” and “bootleggers” to import their alcohol from places such as Canada and South America.
- Over time the prohibition became increasingly unpopular.
- The Repeal of Prohibition act was passed in 1933. - The Prohibition Era began in 1919 and lasted until 1933.
- Named the Prohibition as it refers to the prohibition of alcohol.
- The prohibition was a major reform movement across the United States.
- Gradually gained momentum until the “Volstead Act” was passed.
- The Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the Anti-Saloon League were both major players in pressuring politicians.
- The goals of these groups were to emphasize the need to destroy political corruption, reduce the power of the German brewing industry and reduce domestic violence. Police funding: INCREASED $11.4 Million
Arrests for Prohibition Las Violations: INCREASED 102+%
Arrests for Drunkenness and Disorderly Conduct: INCREASED 41%
Arrests of Drunken Drivers: INCREASED 81%
Thefts and Burglaries: INCREASED 9%
Homicides, Assault, and Battery: INCREASED 13%
Number of Federal Convicts: INCREASED 561%
Federal Prison Population: INCREASED 366%
Total Federal Expenditures on Penal Institutions: INCREASED 1,000% Fun Facts:
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