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The tradegy of 1912! (TITANIC)

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ecem yuksel

on 7 April 2011

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Transcript of The tradegy of 1912! (TITANIC)

Titanic A team of 20 horses was needed to pull the huge anchor made for the Titanic.

The deck of the forecastle area of the ship held the giant anchor chains and large round bollards to which ropes were tied when the ship was in port.

The Titanic’s swimming pool was one of the first ever seen on an ocean liner.

This elegant foyer stood below the wrought-iron and glass dome over the first-class staircase.

The boilers of the Titanic were over 4.5m high.

Stokers worked day and night shoveling coal into boilers that created the steam that drove the giant reciprocation engines.

The Titanic had 3 propellers. The middle one was 5m across and the other 2 were over 7m.
The iceberg brushing past the Titanic and pocked holes into the side of Titanic and opened the compartments and eventualy made the Titanic sink to the bottom. Info • Length: 882 feet, 8 inches/268 meters
• Gross tonnage: 46,328 tons
• Net tonnage: 24,900 tons
• Total capacity: 3547 passengers and crew, fully loaded
• Decks: 9 in total the boat deck, A,B,C,D,E,F,G and below G boiler rooms.
• Beam: 92.5 feet/28 meters
• Height: 60.5 feet waterline to Boat Deck, 175 feet keel to top of funnels.
• Depth: 59.5 feet
• Draft: about 34 feet
• Engines: 2 reciprocating 4 cylinders, triple expansion, direct - acting inverted engines: 30,000hp 77 rpm. 1 low pressure Parsons turbine: 16,000hp 165rpm
• Propellers: 3 ; Center turbine: 17 feet ; Left/Right wings: 23 feet 6 inches
• Boilers: 29 (24 double ended boilers and 5 single ended boilers)
• Furnaces: 159 providing a total heating surface of 144,142 sq. feet
• Steam pressure: 215 P.S.I.
• Watertight compartments: 16, extending up to F deck
• Fuel requirement: 825 tons of coal per day
• Water consumption: 14,000 gallons of fresh water per day
• Top Speed: 23 knots
• Staterooms: 840
Info On the Ship Revew
Part 1 On April 10, 1912, the RMS Titanic set sail from Southampton on her maiden voyage to New York. At that time, she was the largest and most luxurious ship ever built. At 11:40 PM on April 14, 1912, she struck an iceberg about 400 miles off Newfoundland, Canada. Although her crew had been warned about icebergs a lot of times that evening by other ships threw region, she was traveling at near top speed of about 20.5 knots Less than three hours later, the Titanic sunk to the bottom of the sea, taking more than 1500 people with her. Only 705 of her passengers were saved. The world was shocked to learn the unsinkable Titanic sunk. It carried some of the richest, most powerful people with her. Together, their personal fortunes were worth $600 million in 1912! In addition to wealthy and the middle class passengers, she carried poor people from Europe and the Middle East seeking economic and social freedom in the New World. Part 2 Titanic was 883 feet long (1/6 of a mile), 92 feet wide and weighed 46,328 tons. She was 104 feet tall from keel to bridge, almost 35 feet of which were below the waterline... even so, she stood taller above the water than most really tall buildings of 1912. There were three real smoke-stacks; a fourth, dummy stack was added largely to increase the impression of her enormous size and power and to escape smoke from her many kitchens and galleys. She was the largest movable object ever made by man. The ship's huge size and difficulty is illustrated by an event recalled by Second Officer Lightoller. There was a walkway door on the starboard side aft "large enough to drive a horse and cart through." but three officers who joined the ship during her preparations spent a whole day simply trying to find their way to it. Part 3 Moreover, she was designed to be a marvel of modern safety machinery. She had a double-hull of 1-inch thick steel plates and a (heavily publicized) system of 16 water-tight compartments, sealed by massive doors which could be instantly triggered by a single electric switch on the bridge, or even automatically by electric water-sensors. The people began to call her "unsinkable." Part 4 Her accommodations were the most new and luxurious on any ocean, and included electric light and heat in every room, electric elevators, a swimming pool, a squash court (considered terribly modern), a Turkish Bath, a gymnasium with a mechanical horse and mechanical camel to keep riders fit, and staterooms and first class facilities to rival the best hotels on the Continent. First class passengers would glide down a six-story, glass-domed grand staircase to enjoy haute cuisine in the sumptuous first class dining saloon that filled the width of the ship on D Deck. For those who desired a more intimate atmosphere, Titanic also offered a stately à la carte restaurant, the chic Palm Court and Verandah restaurant, and the festive Cafe Parisien. She offered two musical ensembles (rather than the standard one) of the best musicians on the Atlantic, many of them lured from rival liners. There were two libraries, first- and second-class. Even the third class (steerage) cabins were more luxurious than the first class cabins on some lesser steamships, and boasted amenities (like indoor toilet facilities) that some of Titanic's emigrant passengers had not enjoyed in their own homes. Part 5 Info on ship The original design called for 32 lifeboats but White star felt that the boat-deck would look cluttered, and only us 20 lifeboats. Part 6 The sea was pouring on to the forward end of "A" Deck, and Titanic's tilt grows deeper. At this same time, the boats were all gone, a curious calm came over the Titanic. The excitement and confusion were over and the 1 500 left behind stood quietly on the upper decks. It seemed to cluster inboard, trying to keep as far away from the railing as possible." The stern begins to lift clear of the water, and passengers move further and further behind. Part 7 a huge roar is heard as all moveable objects inside Titanic crash toward the submerged bow. The lights blink once and then go out, leaving Titanic visible only as a black shadow against the starlit sky. Many are convinced that the ship breaks in two between the 3rd and 4th funnels. The ship achieves a completely at a 90 degree angle position and remains there for a few minutes. Part 8 she settles back slightly and slides down to the bed of the North Atlantic about 13,000 feet below. Almost at once, the night was punctuated with the cries of the survivors, rising in number and pain until Thayer's words they became "a long continuous wailing chant." They terrible noise would continue for some time, but fortunately many would freeze to death and rather than drown. The cries even affected the hardened Lightoller who heard the "tragic never-to-be-forgotten sounds" from overturned Collapsible "A." Later, he would confess that he had never allowed his thoughts to stay on those terrible cries. Part 9 the Carpathia's rockets are sighted by those in the lifeboats and at 4:10 a.m., Titanic's#.2 lifeboat is picked up. Part 10 after being advised by the Frankfort of Titanic's loss, the Californian makes for the disaster site and arrives about three hours later, just as the last boat #12, is rescued by the Carpathia. True to form, Lightoller is the last survivor to come aboard. Part 11 the Carpathia leaves the searching for survivors to the other ships and heads for New York. She carries only 705 survivors. An estimated 1,523 souls have been lost. J. Bruce Ismay sent the following message to the White Star Lines New York offices: "Deeply regret advice you, Titanic sank this morning after collision with iceberg, resulting in serious loss of life. Part 12
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