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INTERMEDIATE TEN

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by

Augusto Casablanca

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of INTERMEDIATE TEN

What kind of music do you listen to?
Has the way you
listen to
or
purchase
music changed in the
past 10 years
?
Ask for additional information
When discussing...
WH- questions (When - How long - What - Who...)
Always give additional information...
Remember that you are going to
report
so...
If your partner doesn't say much...
then you have to...
Take notes!
Important information... not complete sentences
Sharing ideas
In my opinion, ...
I think that ... / I believe that ...
From my point of view, ... / In my view ...
To my mind, ...
It seems to me that ...
As I see it, ... / The way I see it, ...
I'm of the opinion that ...
My point of view is that ...
1. That book was so
inferior
. Nothing like the old good ones.

2.
The

exclusive control of
water is making people pay more every day
.

3. He's so
avaricious
. and then he says he doesn't understand why people don't want to help him. Ha!

4.
That was such a false advertising campaign that
cheated and stole
from consumers.

5. They want to know if they can attack but the orders are
undecided
.

6.
Selling pirate DVDs is
unapproved
!

7. Asking for extra points by the end of the cycle is
not ethical
. :)

8.
Management will
recognize
and
pay
us for the extra time we worked.

9. This store is always full of young
shoppers
.

10.
Companies now just
produce
DVDs
mechanically and in abundance without taking care of the quality
!

11. She
becomes hysterical
whenever she goes to his house.

12.
People prefer to go to
newly formed

supermarkets, they are cheap.

13. If you continue stealing, police will
put
you
behind bars
.

14.
Police officers are
being more strict with
speeding.

mediocre (adj)
monopoly (n)
greedy (adj)
pending (adj)
unauthorized (adj)
compensate (v)
ripped off (v)
unethical (adj)
consumers (n)
churn out (v)
panics (v)
emerging (adj)
take to court (v)
cracking down on (v)
Grammar
When we want to
describe

present IMPROBABLE situations

present UNREAL conditionals
?
When do we use the…
 If I had a million dollars, I might give some to charities.
If he were traveling on a plane, he’d be panicking.
If she had a car, she would drive it every day.

If I could sing, I would be a rockstar.
If
police
cracked down on
speeding, there
wouldn’t be
so many accidents.
If
I
could sing,
I
would be
a rockstar.
WOULD
could + verb (base form)
RESULT clause
IF clause
If
he
were traveling
in a plane, he
’d be panicking
.
If

had
 a million dollars, I 
might give
some to charities.
If
she
had
a car
,
she
would drive
it every day.
simple Past
past Continuous
IF +
COULD
MIGHT
+ BASE FORM
past participle
past perfect
If
companies
hadn’t been
so greedy, they
wouldn’t have made
a lot of money.
If
I
had participated
more, I
might’ve gotten
a better grade.
If
she
hadn’t been talking
behind my back, we
could’ve been
friends.
If
he
had answered
the phone when she called him, they
wouldn’t have argued
about it.
If he hadn't fallen asleep in class, he could’ve passed.
If companies hadn’t been so greedy, they wouldn’t have made a lot of money.
If she hadn’t been talking behind my back, we could’ve been friends.
If I had participated more, I might’ve gotten a better grade.
If he had answered the phone when she called him, they wouldn’t have argued about it.
If
he
hadn't fallen asleep
in class, he
could’ve passed
.
WOULD
IF +
RESULT clause
IF clause
http://www.englishpage.com/conditional/conditional6.htm


When we want to
describe

situations that could've happened but didn't.

past UNREAL conditionals
?
When do we use the…
past perfect continuous
COULD
+ have +
MIGHT
Grammar X-tra
Future Conditionals
There's a low possibility these things will happen.
If it
happens to
rain that day, we'
ll
cancel the picnic.
If it
should happen to
rain that day, we
might
cancel the picnic.
If I
were to
move to France, I'
d
study French before I left.
If +
subject +
happen(s) to
should happen to +
were to
Base
Form
,
Subject +
will
modal verb +
modal verb
I'll go to the Casino tomorrow. If I win, I take you to Paris! ;)
happen to
should happen to
were to
will
would
might
Base
Form
Speaking
1. Get in groups of 4.
2. Choose the topic you are going to talk about.
3.
ONE
is the
HOST
and the other
THREE
are the
SPEAKERS
.
HOST:
You are going to role-play the Radio Capital show.
"Tu opinión importa"
SPEAKERS:
* Speak for
1 minute and 30 seconds. (nonstop!)
* Check the "
expressing an opinion
" box
* Think of your reasons (include
1 present and 1 past unreal conditional
)
* Take notes!
* Listen
* Report what your 3 classmates told you ;)
Instructions!
To say
WHEN
and
WHY
something happened

REDUCED adverb clauses
We use...
TIME
REASON
before - after
since - while
because - since
Time
Before he went to school, he had breakfast.
Before
GOING
to school, he had breakfast.
I was watching TV while
DOING
my homework.
After
BEING
called, she went out.
I went to the drugstore after I was told to buy some pills.
I went to the drugstore after
BEING
told to buy some pills.
I was watching TV while I was doing my homework.
After she was called, she went out.
Subordinator + subject + ING
except with
Passive Voice
Reason
Because she loves Spain, she goes there all the time.
LOVING
Spain, she goes there all the time.
WORKING
really hard, we got extra money.
NEVER HAVING
studied another language, he doesn't know how hard it is.
Because I was tired, I went to sleep.
BEING
tired, I went to sleep.
Since we worked really hard, we got extra money.
Since he has never studied another language, he doesn't know how hard it is.
Subordinator Subject + ING
Can ONLY
be reduced
if they are in the
INITIAL position
Only the verb ING
BE CAREFUL!
It can only be reduced when
it talks
about the same person
talking
Example
Before
she
gets home,
I
clean everything.
Before
GETTING
home,
I
clean everything .
The house
was a mess, because
we
had a big party, .
The house
was a mess after
HAVING
a big party.
If police officers cracked down on speeding, there wouldn’t be so many accidents.
I had lunch
after
I finished working.

She had been Paris two times
before
she came to Peru.

Since
she went to that school last year, she has been getting a lot of diplomas .

She was talking on the phone
while
she was cooking.

Since
he had never studied for his exams, he failed the course.

After
I was asked that question, I got embarrassed.

Because
I didn't understand the class, I had to take private lessons.

My radio doesn't work
when
it's near a fridge.
Exercises
I went to the party
because
I was invited.
I went to the party
BEING
invited.
She gave us chocolates
since
she felt happy.
She gave us chocolates
FEELING
happy.
Reduced Adverb Clauses with...
Present participle
(-ing)
Past participle
(-ed)
Present participle (-ing)
When the situation has an
effect
on
someone
or
something
...
Examples
The girl said she was pregnant,
SURPRISING

her family
, the girl said she was pregnant.
My mom kissed me in front of my friends,
EMBARRASSING

me
, my mom kissed me in front of my friends.
I talked about my experiment,
CONFUSING

everyone
, I talked about my experiment.
SURPRISING

her family
.
EMBARRASSING

me
.
CONFUSING

everyone
.
Past participle (-ed)
When you want to say how you feel.
Examples
TIRED
of my relationship,
FRIGHTENED
by the noise,
CONFUSED
,
I called my mom.
I decided to investigate more.
I broke up with her. xD
Remember to use the expressions for...
...
talking about charts and data
This chart explains...
As you can see...
The key point is that...
It's cleat that...
It's important to note that...
This _____ represents...
This _____ stands for...
This _____ shows...
This _____ describes...
This _____ compares...
Reported Speech

report what someone else has said
...
When do we use...
We use it to
?
* Verbs are put into the past
* Time references change
Simple Present
Present Continuous
Simple Past
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Might/Could/should/Should
Simple Past
Don't change
Past Perfect
Past continuous
Last week
Now
Today
Tomorrow
Next week
Yesterday
Last night
Then / at that time
The week before / The previous week
The day before / The previous day
The next week / The following week
The next day / The following day
That day
The night before / The previous night
Here
There
Future with "will"
Future with "BE going to"
was/were going to
would
"
I'm going to
visit my family
next week
."
She reminded me (that)
"
I've never been
to Machu Picchu."
They announced (that)
"
This movie was
canceled."
They convinced me (that)
"
We didn't receive
any messages."
She reported (that)
"
The class starts

tomorrow
."
She told me (that)
"
You can't
take a taxi at
this
time!"
She said (that)
Be careful!
She told
ME
..............................
She said ..............................
(that) she was going to be late.
(that) she was going to be late.
She said ME ................
She told ................
she was going to
visit her family the following week.
I couldn't
take a taxi at
that
time.

the class started
the next day
.
they hadn't received
any messages.
that movie had been
canceled.
she had never been
to Machu Picchu.
We need to mention the
object
Other verbs like
TELL
...
advise - ask - convince
instruct - persuade - remind
NO
object
Other verbs like
SAY
...
announce - complain - mention
propose - reply - report
Now... What happens with questions?
YES / NO
Are you OK?
Did Joel call you?
Has Ann been present these days?
Do you know what happened?
She asked me
if

(or not)
.
He asked me
whether

(or not)
.
Marie asked me
whether

(or not)
.
Ann's mother asked me
if

(or not)
.
I was OK
I knew what had happened
Joe had called me
she had been present those days
WH- questions
Where did Alex travel?
Who will you go with?
What have you seen?
When does the class start?
She asked me
where
.
He asked me
when
.
Marie asked me
who .
They asked me
what
.
I would go with
Alex had traveled
the class started
I had seen
Past continuous
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
This
That
INTERMEDIATE TEN
What's bullying? What do you think about it?
Have you ever fought or argued with your boyfriend, girlfriend, best friend? Why? How did it end up?
What's a conflict you've been involved in recently? What was it about? How did you resolve it?
ASK YOUR PARTNERS
Do you ever
post answers or questions
, or do you just
lurk
(read without answering)?
Why do people
like to post
on message boards?
How often do you read
forums
or
message boards
on the Internet?
Apart from English, what other language(s) would you like to learn?
Explain

What are the most important factors about learning a new language?
(e.g. Environment, teacher, techniques, classmates, effort, etc)

What is the most difficult thing to learn when you're studying a new language?
(Grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, listening, spelling, etc)

When you study a language, does it become easier or more difficult when you start taking more advanced courses?
Explain

Do you know what
ASL
is?
Have you ever met a
deaf
person?
Let's watch this video
Introducing the purpose of the report:
*This report describes...
*This report assesses...
Talking about overall patterns:
*On the whole,
*In general,

Making recommendations:
*It is recommended that...
*It would be advisable to...
STATUS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN PERU
DEBATE
I bought it in Gamarra.
Where did you buy your dress?
Am I beautiful?
I don't know.
Britney
Marcus
Petra
Liona
Do you want to marry me?
I absolutely don't.
I didn't do my homework.
I will let you copy.
Jose Alberto
Johan
Kat
Lorde
Full transcript