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Eight Features of Civilization

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Bernard McCrumby

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Eight Features of Civilization

Eight Features of Civilization
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
1. The Rise of Cities
emerge as farmers cultivate (farm) land along RIVER valleys.
river provided
--->transportation
--->water supply
--->food supply
Cities emerged along river valleys
2. Complex Religions
Monotheistic:
belief in one god. -Polytheistic:
believe in more than one god.
3. Job Specialization
People specialized in jobs because no one person could master all the necessary skills required to help the city grow.
-Artisans:
skilled craft workers.
-Metal is important for tools and weapons.
4. Public Works
Public Works projects were projects that were funded by the government to provide jobs to the people.
-Public works projects benefits the city
-irrigation systems
-canals
-bridges
5. Social Classes
People were ranked according to jobs.
a.Priests and Nobles
b.Warriors
c.Merchants
d.Researchers and Farmers
e.Slaves
6. Organized Governments
Governments formed to make sure enough food was produced and the city was protected.
-Monarchy
-Pharaoh dominated ancient Egypt
7. Writing System
Developed in temples, where many types of records were kept.
-pictogram :simple drawings to show words represented.
-Overtime writing becomes more symbolic, and only trained people called scribes learned how to read and write.
8. Arts & Architecture
The art and architecture often expressed the beliefs and values of a civilization. Different styles were developed and copied by societies. Often the art was used to impress visitors and people about the beauty and power of a king or a community.
Archeologist- (people who study past people and cultures)
have traced the start of mankind back to Old Stone Age of Paleolithic Age around 10,000 B.C.
Paleolithic Era-
Of or relating to the cultural period of the Stone Age beginning with the earliest chipped stone tools.
Anthropologist ( people who study humans and the societies they create)
have determined that the earliest man can be traced back to East Africa a long time ago…

Early remains of skeletons found in East Africa suggest that early humans were Nomads (people who move from place to place in search of food).
The way of life was hunting and gathering with the men hunting game and fishing and the women gathered and berries, fruits, and nuts etc.
The gathering that the women did was vital to the survival to the group or nomadic herd.


Early humans are responsible for many of the things that we now take for granted today clothing, fire, and housing.

They learned to farm
When the early humans learned to farm they were able to establish permanent villages. This also lead to a break through in new inventions?
What type of tools do you think they created?

Neolithic Era
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