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Copy of World War I
Transcript of Copy of World War I
Increasing Tensions in Europe
the start of the war?
Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was assassinated by a Serbian Nationalist.
declares war on
Alliance System reaction
Formation of the German Nation
Inspired by the rise of nationalism in Europe
Formalized in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War
Declare Wilhelm of Prussia the Emperor of the German Empire
France loses the Alsace-Lorraine Territory
Uprising against the Ottomans starting in the early 1800s, formal independence in 1878
Wanted to unite all Slavic dialects
Disagreements with Austria-Hungary over Slavic people living in the Empire
European powers were competing abroad for colonial possessions
They wanted more power, land and resources
Many European Nations begin to build up military arms and grow the size of the standing armies
France and Germany doubled the size of their armies between 1870 and 1914
Great Britain developed a new battleship, 'the Dreadnought'
Von Schlieffen plan is developed by Germany
A network of treaties and agreement between nations
European nations began forming alliances with each other in the late 1800s, promising to provide anything from financial aid to full military support in case of war.
New Methods of Fighting
Why was it a "World War"?
Because of the involvement of European powers and the involvement of their colonies.
Fighting Occurred in:
Asia and Oceania
The End of WWI
Treaty of Versailles
The Great Depression
July 28th, 1914
declares war on Russia
Cameroon, SW Africa, German colonial SE Asia
Germany declares war on
Germany invades neutral
and Belgium are allies
British India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa
had a protection agreement with Great Britain
) joins the Central Powers
May 23, 1915
joins the Allied Powers
April 6th, 1917
declares war on Germany in response to German
U-boats sinking American Ships
Complete mobilization of all resources and population
There is less distinction between combatants and non-combatants
Airplanes and anti-aircraft guns
ANZAC - Australia and New Zealand Army Corps
also included Jewish troops and troops from Britain, India, and Sri Lanka
Fought in colonies and mainland Europe
In 1917, Russia withdraws from the war due to the Bolshevik Revolution
By late 1918, Germany's defeat was imminent.
had lost over 6 million soldiers
Their allies began to surrender and troops began to rebel
Signed cease-fire 11-11-1918
German's blamed the loss on lack of public support and internal sabotage by Jews, socialists and Bolsheviks
Signed June 28, 1919
Germany is forced to agree that it and its allies were the sole cause of the war.
Germany is forced to give up territory, demilitarize and pay unbelievable reparations to France and Great Britain. (Today, it would be $442 million)
The Rhineland would be occupied for 15 years by allied forces.
German forces were limited to 100,000 troops and severely limited navy (no submarines)
Import and export of weapons was limited
Poland was created
Alsace-Lorraine goes back to France.
Czechoslovakia gets part of Germany
German colonies were divided between Great Britain, France, Japan and Belgium
Austria is forbidden from merging with Germany
The Great Depression had world-wide effects, not just an American thing
In many countries, it lasted through the 1930s and early 1940s
Food and raw materials producers were hit hard. Unemployment rates were high.
Led the people to accept new military dictators who promised to help them. Governments were more involved in planning and control.
The market for luxury goods shrunk and unemployment rose.
Led to more imperial expansion in Asia in search of more markets and increased suspicion of the West.
(and some other European nations)
Began radical social and political experiments meant to restore prosperity, but the result was often loss of freedom and lives for the their people.
Example: Nazi Germany