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Copy of World War I

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Lyndsey Randall

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of Copy of World War I

World War I
Increasing Tensions in Europe
Nationalism
Imperialism
Militarism
Alliance Systems
War
What actually
sparked
the start of the war?
Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was assassinated by a Serbian Nationalist.
Austria-Hungary
declares war on
Serbia.

Alliance System reaction
Formation of the German Nation
Inspired by the rise of nationalism in Europe

Formalized in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War
Defeated France
Declare Wilhelm of Prussia the Emperor of the German Empire
France loses the Alsace-Lorraine Territory
Serbia
Uprising against the Ottomans starting in the early 1800s, formal independence in 1878

Wanted to unite all Slavic dialects

Disagreements with Austria-Hungary over Slavic people living in the Empire
European powers were competing abroad for colonial possessions
They wanted more power, land and resources
Many European Nations begin to build up military arms and grow the size of the standing armies
France and Germany doubled the size of their armies between 1870 and 1914
Great Britain developed a new battleship, 'the Dreadnought'
Von Schlieffen plan is developed by Germany
A network of treaties and agreement between nations
European nations began forming alliances with each other in the late 1800s, promising to provide anything from financial aid to full military support in case of war.
Total War
New Methods of Fighting
Colonial Troops
Why was it a "World War"?
Because of the involvement of European powers and the involvement of their colonies.

Fighting Occurred in:
Europe
Africa
Asia and Oceania
The End of WWI
Treaty of Versailles
The Great Depression

July 28th, 1914
July 31st
Russia
Mobilizes Forces
August 1st
Germany
declares war on Russia
(
Cameroon, SW Africa, German colonial SE Asia
)
August 3rd
Germany declares war on
France
August 4th
Germany invades neutral
Belgium
.
Great Britain
and Belgium are allies
(
British India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa
)
August 13th
Japan
had a protection agreement with Great Britain
October 29th
Turkey
(
Ottoman Empire
) joins the Central Powers
May 23, 1915
Italy
joins the Allied Powers
April 6th, 1917
United States
declares war on Germany in response to German
U-boats sinking American Ships
Complete mobilization of all resources and population
There is less distinction between combatants and non-combatants
Tanks
Poison Gas
Trenches
Machine Guns
Airplanes and anti-aircraft guns
Better grenades
Flamethrowers
Railroads
ANZAC - Australia and New Zealand Army Corps
also included Jewish troops and troops from Britain, India, and Sri Lanka
Fought in colonies and mainland Europe
Mobilize colonies
In 1917, Russia withdraws from the war due to the Bolshevik Revolution
By late 1918, Germany's defeat was imminent.
had lost over 6 million soldiers
Their allies began to surrender and troops began to rebel
Signed cease-fire 11-11-1918
German's blamed the loss on lack of public support and internal sabotage by Jews, socialists and Bolsheviks
Signed June 28, 1919
Germany is forced to agree that it and its allies were the sole cause of the war.
Germany is forced to give up territory, demilitarize and pay unbelievable reparations to France and Great Britain. (Today, it would be $442 million)
Demilitarization
The Rhineland would be occupied for 15 years by allied forces.
German forces were limited to 100,000 troops and severely limited navy (no submarines)
Import and export of weapons was limited
Territorial Changes
Poland was created
Alsace-Lorraine goes back to France.
Czechoslovakia gets part of Germany
German colonies were divided between Great Britain, France, Japan and Belgium
Austria is forbidden from merging with Germany
The Great Depression had world-wide effects, not just an American thing
In many countries, it lasted through the 1930s and early 1940s
Latin America
Food and raw materials producers were hit hard. Unemployment rates were high.
Led the people to accept new military dictators who promised to help them. Governments were more involved in planning and control.
Japan
The market for luxury goods shrunk and unemployment rose.

Led to more imperial expansion in Asia in search of more markets and increased suspicion of the West.
Germany
(and some other European nations)
Began radical social and political experiments meant to restore prosperity, but the result was often loss of freedom and lives for the their people.
Example: Nazi Germany
Full transcript