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Prezi for Ms.McCormick

Ayesha Bashir

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Afghanistan


Hi my name is Ayesha and I did a presentation on Afghanistan. In this presentation I will be talking about different things related to Afghanistan! So lets get started. Many explorers and traders have tried to control this country throughout the years. Since 1978, Afghanistan has been at war with some country. In 1996, the Taliban took control. The Taliban did not allow girls to go to school, endorsed child brides and ignored women's health care. There was some progress since the Taliban took over, despite the progress form last few years some parts in Afghanistan are still extremely poor! Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs. In the next slides I will give you more information about Afghanistan so
Afghanistan's capital is Kabul and it's national currency is Afghan Afghani. Their official language is Pushtu and Farsi and their current president is Hamid Karzai. Their government is known as Islamic Republic and did you know the UN ranks Afghanistan 175 and Afghanistan is the 13 most least human developed country!!!!!!!!!!!!!! And did you also know that Afghanistan is 42nd most populous and 41 largest nation in the world!!!!!!
Population Characteristics
Population Characteristics

Infant Mortality Rate
: For those of you who don't know the meaning, it's the death rate during the first year of life. In Afghanistan 119.41/1000 babies die on their first year of life!!!!! wow that's a lot I think it's because of bad health care and did you know Canada's infant mortality rate is 4.85 deaths/1,000.

Population Characteristics

Doubling time
: It takes about 24 years for the population to double in to a number that shows me that the population of Afghanistan is growing really quick. That is no a good thing for them because"slower population growth would help the least developed countries like Afghanistan to invest properly in children’s health, education and progress, and reduce the maternal and infant mortality rate" said the UNFPA. I agree with that they can make big difference economically if their population is not high.

Population Characteristics
Gross Domestic Product
: It means the total value of all the goods and services produced in a year. For Afghanistan it's 18.03
USD and did you know Canada's gross domestic product rate is about 1.821
USD!! That's a lot comparing to Afghanistan.
Poverty Line
: Poverty is the state of someone who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Afghanistan is facing an enormous recovery needs after three decades of war,9 million Afghans almost 36% of the population are believed to live in absolute poverty and 37% live only slightly above the poverty line. So that means 73% of the people living there are really poor. 50% of children aged five or under are suffering from chronic malnutrition.
Population Characteristics
Life Expectancy
: Life expectancy at birth is about 49.1 years. I think their life expectancy is really low because they don`t have access to good resources like us here in Canada or, it could be because of bad health care and war etc.............
Unemployment Rate
: This is basically the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. For Afghanistan it is 36%. That means only 64% of them have jobs and the rest are on the street:C
Ethnic groups
Under the rule of Taliban, women are treated worst than animals. They are Banned on the use of cosmetics, (Many women with painted nails have had fingers cut off). They aren't allowed to vote or work outside. They are not even allowed to go to school (as mention before), if they have to go outside for any reason they have to wear a burqa for their safety. But now, Rate of literacy and female education are rising! Women are now stepping up and standing up for their rights.
Population and Population Density
The population of Afghanistan is about 34 547 255. Current male population is about 17 872 180 and current female population is about 16 675 07. Afghanistan's area is 652 225 km² now to find the population density I have to divide the population by the area. In this case the population is about 34 547 255 and the area is 652 225km² so what I got for population density is
people living per each square kilometer.

Birth Rate, Death Rate and Natural Increase
Birth rate is about 43/1,000 and death rate is about 19 deaths/1,000. It shows me that the population is growing quickly because I see for each person that dies about 3 babies are born, that is not a good thing for them because I am worried how will they afford to get their kids educated their fertility rate is really high and their annual per capita income is really low. Did you know that Afghanistan has the highest mortality rate in the world with at least 1,600 deaths per 100,000 live births. To find the natural Increase rate you have to subtract the birth rate with the death rate, and then expressed as a percent. So in this case it`s
Population Characteristics
Literacy Rate
: In Afghanistan 28.1% from their whole population know how to read and write. I think the literacy rate is really low because of the Taliban, they wouldn't let girls go to school and almost half the population of Afghanistan is female.

Energy consumption and Energy Production
Energy in Afghanistan is primarily provided by hydro power. Three decades of war have left the country's power grid badly damaged! Energy consumption it's basically the total electricity generated annually, expressed in kilowatt hours So For Afghanistan they use about 231.1 million kWh. Energy production is annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt hours. They produce about 285.5 million kW every hour. Not bad.......
There are 6 main groups in afghanistan, Pushtuns, Hazara, Uzbek, Tajiks, Baloch and Aimaq/Aimah.With 50 million in population Pushtuns are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. They make up the majority of Taliban members and current afghan government members. Uzbek speak fluent Persian and they are found in the northern side of Afghanistan, they are mainly Sunni Muslims. Tajiks speak Persian or Dari. previously they were known as Sarts. Tajiks are separated in groups called Farsiwan and Qizilbash.The difference between Farsiwan and Qizilbash is that Farsiwan's are Sunni Muslims, and Qizilbash are Shia Muslims. Balouch, they speak Balouchi and They take up about 2% of Afghanistan’s population. Last but not least, Aimaq, they got their name from the Turkic word for "tribe" They are known as agricultural groups from other ethnic groups such as Tajik, Hazara, and Baulch.

Thanks For Being a Gr8 Audience
The largest city in Afghanistan is Kabul, the capital.
Afghanistan is also rich in natural resources with the main ones being natural gas and oil.
The world's first oil paintings were drawn not in Renaissance Europe but in the caves of Bamiyan, in the central highlands of Afghanistan around 650BC.
Afghanistan has no water area.
kids of 10 years old have to help their mom and dad in the market or in selling things. Kids of about 5 years old help their moms cooking or cleaning the house or apartment. Girls can't go to school so they spend their whole day helping their moms around the house.
It's co-ordinates are 33.9333° N, 66.1833° E.
Afghanistan is an under developed country in Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and the east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.
Annual Per Capita Income
: The average amount of money earned by a person in Afghanistan is about $1140. I don't think it's enough, because of the fertility rate being so high $1140 is not enough to raise their children.
Fertility Rate
It means the average of babies born throughout a woman's lifetime in a country. Afghanistan's fertility rate, one of the world's highest before the fall of the Taliban. The average number of children Afghan women can expect to have in their lifetime fell from 8 in the 1990s to 6.3 in the mid-2000s and to 5.1 at the end of the decade. Now it's about 7 children per female!!!! It could be because they don't have the education for how to prevent pregnancy...........
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