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Frances Clayton A.K.A. Jack Williams
Bree Jacksonon 23 February 2011
Transcript of Frances Clayton A.K.A. Jack Williams
and Frances Louisa Clayton, alias Jack Williams Motivations for Enlisting To be with a loved one
Adventure and Fun
To get away from domestic life
Social opportunities How many? As many as 250
in the Confederate
army alone "Some one has stated the number of women soldiers known to the service as little less than four hundred. I cannot vouch for the correctness of this estimate, but I am convinced that a larger number of women disguised themselves and enlisted in the service, for one cause or other, than was dreamed of."
-Mary Livermore, My Story of the war (1880) Ugly? Passing Physically What wealth could get you What most people got Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Cursing, and Other "Manly" Vices Passing Behaviorally “...reckless and profane with their profane comrades.” Civil War Harper's Weekly, February 11, 1865 Some women were promoted into the officer ranks.
Evidence suggests that these women, regardless of rank, preformed well as soldiers and felt a keen sense of duty.
The comments of superiors of female soldiers confirm this, as they generally wrote about females in favorable terms: "She stood guard, went on picket duty, in rain or storm, and fought on the field with the rest, and was considered a good fighting man," according to one report about Frances Clayton. Performance How They Served in Military Service Media Darlings In Public Consciousness Frances Clayton enlisted in 1861, Union regiment
witnessed husbands death at Battle of Stones River
many manly vices
went to collect money, attacked by Confederate guerrilla party
6 newspapers covered the story With Some Help Other women soldiers depended on the assistance of loved ones with whom they enlisted to help maintain their male identities. The Company had noticed that she always tented with one other person, and many times, when it was her turn to come on duty, her tent mate would take her place.