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Reality Therapy

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Alex Robles

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of Reality Therapy

Counseling Theories
Reality Therapy
"All we do is behave"
" A choice theory world is a tough responsible world; you cannot use grammar to escape responsibility for what you are doing.."
A Presentation by:
Alex, Josh, & William

William Glasser
Client Therapist Relationship
1. Supporting
2. Encouraging
3. Listening
4. Accepting
5. Trusting
6. Respecting
7. Negotiating Differences
Related Techniques
Therapeutic Contract
Defining complaints as verbs
Case Western Reserve University
VA Hospital in Los Angeles
(1925- 2013)
Reality therapy was developed as a reaction to what William Glasser perceived lack of healthy or workable theories in psychotherapy
Warm relationship
Avoid symptoms and complaints
Focus on the present
Born in Cleveland, OH
Initially a chemical engineer
Attended medical school at Case Western Reserve University
Psychiatric training at VA Hospital in West Los Angeles and UCLA
Founded Institute of Reality therapy (1967)
ACA "A Legend in Counseling" Award (2004)
Reality Therapy (1965)
Choice Theory (1998)
Reality Therapy in Action (2000)

Refute external control
5 Basic Human Needs
Choice Theory
Total behavior
The Quality World
Key Concepts
5 Basic Human Needs
1. Survival
2. Love and Belonging
3. Power
4. Freedom
5. Fun
Choice Theory
"We choose all that we do"
Total Behavior
1. Activity
2. Thinking
3. Feeling
4. Physiology
The Quality World
Everyone has one and it's unique to each person
We are more aware of our quality world than anything else
It consists of pictures that portray the best ways we can think of to satisfy basic needs
Chapter 2, Glasser, 1998
Client complaints are defined as verbs, rather than nouns or adjectives, emphasizing choice in our behavior. We can choose different behavior by changing:
What we want
What we are/ have been doing
All feelings, whether positive or negative are indirectly chosen
Chapter 4, Glasser, 1998
Four Components working simultaneously
Quality World Pictures
1. People we want to be with
2. Things we want to experience
3. Belief systems that govern our behavior
The pictures in our quality worlds can be divided into three categories
Chapter 4, Glasser, 1998
Chapter 3, Glasser, 1998
Corey, G. (2005). Chapter 9 Case Approach to Reality Therapy. In
Case approach to counseling and psychotherap
y (6th ed.). Australia: Thomson-Brooks/Cole.

Glasser, W. (1998).
Choice Theory: A New Psychology of Personal Freedom
. New York: Harper Collins

Glasser, W. (2010). Reality Therapy: A New Approach to Psychiatry. HarperCollins.

Glasser, W. (2000). Reality Therapy In Action. New York: Harper Collins

Institute, W.G. (2015, March 28). Dr. Glasser. Retrieved from WGI US: www.wglasser.com/who-we-are/dr-glasser

Nelson, T.G. & Glasser, W. (2002). An Interview with William Glasser, M.D.
Teacher Education Quarterly

William Glasser International | Connecting the World with Choice Theory psychology. (n.d.). Retrieved April 8, 2015, from http://www.wglasserinternational.org
Think of time when you used external control on someone else; what was the result? Was the experience good or bad for you? The other person?
Think of a time when someone used external control on you. What was the result? How did you feel about the experience?
Using the basic theme of Choice Theory, "We choose all we do," revisit the first two questions. How might these experiences have been different? Do you think Choice Theory would have made things better?
From a psychotherapy perspective, what are some strengths you see from Reality Therapy's focus on the present at the exclusion of past/childhood experiences? Some weaknesses?
Where do you stand on the idea of commonly labeled mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, being a myth from a reality therapy perspective? Do you see validity to the idea that people actively choose to be depressed or anxious? Why or why not?
Glasser, 1998 P.77
Reality Therapy
Therapeutic Goals
: Develop trusting relationship with client based on respect. Focus on addressing current behavior compared to desired outcome. Offer social support
Client and Therapist
: Identify the clients essential needs and figure out how the client can meet those needs
: Change behavior to meet goal of acquiring essential needs
Seven Caring Habits
Involvement with other people
Needs to be a person (or people) that are in touch with reality and can meet their own needs.
Meet need to love and be loved.

Accurately reward and discipline (work for) yourself from a behavioral standpoint.

When unable to meet needs:
Pain and discomfort result as a means to spur action toward obtaining needs.
Therapeutic Goals
"Therapy will be successful when they are able to give up denying the world and recognize that reality not only exists but that they must fulfill their needs within this framework"
Corey, 2005
-William Glasser
-William Glasser
Refute External
External control is the predominant psychology of the world
External control = coercion
Glasser, 1998

Glasser, 2010
Glasser, 2010
Glasser, 2010
Glasser, 1998
Client Therapist
Full transcript