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To Kill a Mockingbird

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by

John Staber

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird
Author
Context
Topics/Themes

The Cunninghams and Ewells
Other Important Characters
Dill
Tom Robinson
Boo Radley
Walter Cunningham, Sr.
Mayella Ewell
Walter Cunningham, Jr.
Bob Ewell (Pronounced: U-Well)
Atticus
Scout (NOT A BOY!)
Jem
Important Characters: The Finches
Father to Jem and Scout; lawyer to Tom Robinson; voice of reason throughout the novel.
The oldest of the Finch children; son to Atticus; older brother to Scout.
The protagonist and narrator of the novel; daughter to Atticus and little sister to Jem; story is told from her perspective via flashback.
Central antagonist in the novel; will play an integral role in the central conflict of the novel.
Daughter and oldest child to Bob; one of the many Ewell children; will have a crucial role regarding the central conflict; represents the harsh effects of poverty and ignorance upon members of society.
Son of Walter, Sr. and classmate to Scout; plays an integral role thematically in the novel.
Farmer who is in financial trouble due to the economic fallout caused by the Great Depression; is indebted to Atticus for legal services.
Friend to Scout and Jem; visits during the summer; is fascinated with Boo Radley; has an imaginative and active mind in which he is able to spin tall tales.
Black man accused of a crime which is a central experience to the book and its major themes; Atticus represents Tom during the trail; Tom is only in the novel for a short time but is referred to often; his character is central to the novel's overall thematic structure and symbolism.
An almost mythical, phantom-like figure who sparks the morbid fascination of Jem, Scout, and especially Dill; he is the neighbor to the Finch family; Boo's role is critical to the novel's symbolism and thematic development.
The Author: Harper Lee
Born in Monroeville, Alabama on April 28, 1926
Her father was a former newspaper editor who served as a state senator and a lawyer in Monroeville
Lee studied law at the University of Alabama from 1945 to 1949 and also spent a year as an exchange student in Oxford
Familial ties: Descendent of Confederate General, Robert E. Lee
In 1959, she accompanied Truman Capote to research the homicide of a family in Holcomb, Kansas, in order to write his famous non-fiction crime novel,
In Cold Blood
It was during this time that she published her novel,
To Kill a Mockingbird
Novel was published in 1960
Won Pulitzer in 1961
Film adaptation in 1962
The setting of the novel takes place in Maycomb, Alabama during the 1930's depression
Maycomb is a depressed town suffering from the fallout of economic instability
Maycomb is fictional; she bases the setting on her own town of Monroeville
The Setting
Racial inequality was not simply an issue of the South

Jim Crow Laws: - A system of laws that segregated the African race from the White race. It inherently barred from equal status, thus perpetuating inequality.

-The term Jim Crow originated in the 1830s in a song and
dance performance entitled “Jim Crow,” written by
Daddy Rice
, in which a white entertainer painted his face black using burnt cork to resemble a black man:

-How the term came to be synonymous with the segregated South is unknown; perhaps, the unfair parody created by
Daddy Rice symbolizes the inequality of the early to mid 20th (1900s) century.
The Cycle of Racism
Racism is Taught
The following was created by students for an English class (most likely similar to one you're in right now!).
3. Tolerance and Empathy
1. Good vs. Evil
2. Prejudice (the existence of social inequality)
racial
social
gender
religious
Guilt and Innocence and Coming of Age
Education, the Importance of Moral Education (Knowledge and Ignorance)
Courage (bravery and cowardice) 
Essential Questions:

1. What is the true meaning of courage?


2. Why is a moral education as important as an academic education?


3. How does prejudice and discrimination exploit certain populations of society?


4. How can empathy and tolerance be used to combat the societal ills?
Calpurnia
The Finch's housekeeper and mother
figure to Jem and Scout.
Miss Maudie
Neighbor to the Finch family; provides advice and guidance to Jem and Scout; is a strong feminine character and presence throughout the novel.
Images for this presentation were retrieved from
Google Images.
All videos used for this presentation were retrieved from
YouTube.
All literature is
gossip.
parents
media
education
agreed upon social values
social codes
Socialization
Institutional and Cultural Socialization
Reinforced messages from
Institutions
Church
Schools
TV
Legal Systems
Business
Culture
Practices
Music
Language
Media
Pattern of Thought
Results
Dissonance
Anger
Dehumanization
Guilt
Violence
Inconsistency
Ignorance
Silence
Born into a world where the cycle is in place
History
Habit
Tradition
Biases
Stereotypes
Prejudices
Why?
Limited Information
No Information
Misinformation
Core Causes
Fear
Ignorance
Confusion
Insecurity
Full transcript