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Temperate Woodlands and Shrublands
Transcript of Temperate Woodlands and Shrublands
moist winters 10-40 degrees celcius
cool winters In the Summer:walking sticks, guns for hunting deer and other small game, fishing rods, light tents that allow ventilation, hiking boots, shorts and short sleeved shirts, possibly a light jacket for when the sun goes down, a camera
In the Winter:walking sticks, guns for hunting, heavy tents to keep warm, water resistant boots and clothing, long pants and long sleeves, a camera Native Plants and Animals Plants: woody evergreen shrubs with small, leathery leaves; fragrant oil herbs that have adapted to the cold and grow during the winter. They adapt to the fires and the lack of water.
Animals: coyotes(nocturnal to avoid the summer heat of day), foxes, bobcats, mountan lions, blacktailed deer(able to eat needle leaves that contain toxins), rabbits, squirrels(hibernate to avoid the cold), mice, hawks, quail, west scrub jays, warblers, lizards, snakes, butterflies, spiders, brown frogs. Many of the animals have changed color in order to blend into the environment. Abiotic Factors Hot, dry summers
Cool, moist winters
Thin, nutrient-poor soil Cooperation and Competition Cooperation: The trees keep dirt from getting into streams. Moss gives oxygen.
Competition: The coyotes, foxes and bobcats compete for food. Deer are competing for food because of their overpopulation. Where is it? Western Coasts of north and south America
Around the Mediterranean Sea
Australia Nearby Biomes Deserts Warnings Deer-As the deer population continues to overpopulate, they cause problems within their ecosystem because they eat too much and don't leave enough for other primary consumers and larger predators may begin to overpopulate in comparison. To fix this problem, should we allow more human interaction like hunting to take place?
Deforestation-As humans try to supply for our own needs, we continuously cut down more trees for wood, paper, and space to build new houses.
Hunting-Hunting may become a problem as paochers and other extreme people with guns interfere with the food web as it is naturally meant to be. Threats to the Biome The temperate woodland and shrubland biome is extremely vital to the world. Not only is it home to seveal endangered species and an abundance of animals in general, this biome is the only part of the world that has more trees than the tropical rainforest. This means that it is a major source of oxygen to our planet. It is an inextreme environment that is important to many kinds of living organisms including human beings, not to mention the beauty that it contains. Anlysis and Evaluation Endangered Species As in any biome, there is a fear of climate change. This is especially true for the temperate woodlands and shrublands in western Australia because this area was one of the largest specimens of the biome in the world. Yet, slowly, the vast wilderness is being torn down for human expansion. As in any part of the world, deforestation and polution have the potential to mortally wound temperate woodlands and shrublands. If the forests are all cut down, then the animals that depend on the trees, including squirrels and deer, are left with nowhere to go and will eventually die off along with all of the other organisms because of the lack of oxygen or they may be forced to move to another species' home and cuase competition. As polution continues to worsen, the once clean and healthy rivers and streams become filled with toxins and bacteria that will kill the species that live in the water and then the animals that drink it. If climate change continues, the heat may cause the cool winters to be warmer and then the animals may not feel the need to hibernate but instead feed all year long which would end up killing off other species and messing up the entire food web. Climate Change? Recreational Activities Hiking
Picture-taking Points of Interest California-Not only does California have man-made sites to see, the beautiful temperate woodlands and shrublands that surround it are a must see when you are in the area.
Australia-The "Wheat Belt" of western Australia is being constantly threatened by the deforestation that is occuring and is therefore a must see destination before its beautiful sites are completely destroyed. Grasslands The King Protea