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Rise & Fall of the Qin & Han Dynasty
Transcript of Rise & Fall of the Qin & Han Dynasty
Angeline Feliciano & David Guerin
Qin Dynasty vs. Han Dynasty
Impact of the Individual
- Both dynasties had a bureaucracy type government
- For both the Qin and Han dynasties, both emperors had power over the people.
- Both emperors had the idea of splitting the land into provinces.
- Many ways of that the Han ran their government was inspired by the Qin dynasty
The Social Latter: Both dynasties were similar. Emperor at top, then nobles, warriors, and then peasants.
- Social classes were not nearly as organized as the Han.
-Peasants were at the very bottom of the social classes.
- The Han dynasty had highly structured social classes. Each social class was defined perfectly.
- Peasants weren't the highest social class.
- Han Dynasty is located on the same land as Qin.
- The Qin and Han Dynasties are located on the continent of Asia.
- The dynasty is located by the 2 major rivers in China.
- The land of the dynasty almost went as far north as the Gobi desert as south as the Xi River.
- The Han dynasty was split into two parts.
- The Han dynasty was just an expansion of the Qin dynasty.
- The Qin and early Han dynasty both stopped all non-Legalist philosophies.
-They both used Legalism, which is when the emperor has total control.
The Qin vs. The Han
- The Han did not use Confucianism at first.
- The Qin dynasty does not have a main religion, unlike the Han dynasty.
- The Qin was not shaped by religion like the Han was.
- The Han dynasty believe in Ancestry worship.
- Both the Qin and the Han economies relied on trading.
- a rebellion ended this dynasty
- supported by the concept of
- unified many small kingdoms
- The Han seemed to use artwork much more than the Qin did. They great weaving skills, glazed ceramics, and they even invented paper.
- The statues used by tombs were only used for emperors like the Qin did, but also for family members and ancestors.
- They hasn civil services that determined applicants' potential as bureaucrats by testing their knowledge of Confucian teachings.
- They gained admission into this classes depending on knowledge of Confucianism rather than birth or connections.
-The Qin created the Terracotta army, which was going to be used to protect the emperor after his death.
-The Terracotta army was made up of over 7,000 life-size warriors figure. No two were the same and every figure had distinct details. They were made of fired clay pottery, 8,000 of them, each 6.5 foot tall and weighing 650 pounds, each individually carved, painted and lacquered, and buried near the tomb of the Qin dynasty leader Shi Huangdi. The Qin dynasty workmen did use molds on hands and feet, but the body and heads were all individually built.
- They both created small statues made of stone and clay.
- Both dynasties used the statues to represent the deceased;
the pieces of art were not typically used for personal use.
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- standardized the language and writing of China
- standardized currency as a copper coin with a square hole in the middle
- built network of roads and canals
- built irrigation to improve farming
- built the Great Wall across northern China to protect against invasions
Iron tools for agriculture and engineering.
Iron technology (cast iron) plowshares;Moldboard plow
Embroidery for decorating garments
Hot Air Balloon
Chinese Examination System
-The Qin dynasty ran their government with more rules and a lot stricter than the Han did.
-All aspects of life were completely controlled by Emperor Qin; including measurements, military, and money.
-Though the emperor was the big man in charge, he still ran his government loosely compared to the Qin.
-During the earlier Han dynasty, imperial princes were given the title of kings.
The Han dynasty's government had less central control.
The Han dynasty was less harsh to its people. The Han Dynasty lasted longer. The Han had Many Emperors but the Qin had only a couple
Legal system seems to be most similar between the dynasties, because the Han dynasty adapted most of the policies of the Qin dynasty
The Qin dynasty didn't rule long, but they got a lot done. They only ruled 221 to 206 BC. They managed to build many things like the Great Wall. The Grea wall was to keep enemies out of their kingdom like the mongolians. It was protected from any northern invaders by the Tibetan Plateau to the west and by the Pacific Ocean to the east. It was constructed along the Himalayan Mountain Range The Great Wall is now is one of the most famous landmarks. The rule that that accomplished is Qin Shi Huang. Hw was the first ruler in the Qin Dynasty. The laborers would put a thick layer of raw earth on the bottom. The laborers made this by filling a wooden frame full of dirt and place it on the foundation. Than they would smash it down until it was very compact.They made the bricks from stone from the mountains. Wheelbarrows were a convenient way to move materials.It took about 500,000 people to build it.
- put very high taxes on the local peasants
-the Qin's economy was greatly influenced
-reduced taxes on the peasants
-the Silk Road was created by the Han