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Year 7 - Medieval England: 1066-1485

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Michael Brodie

on 20 November 2017

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Transcript of Year 7 - Medieval England: 1066-1485

You are an Anglo-Saxon Lord living in the North of England just after William the Conqueror came to power.

You have a BIG problem - You are worried that William is going to take away your land and give it to a Norman, he has done this to other lords.

What do you do? You will have to explain and justify why you chose the option you do.

A - Rebel and try and get William to accept any demands you make.

B - Do nothing, sit it out and hope he keeps you as a Lord.

C - Risk being unpopular with other Anglo-Saxons, swear loyalty to William and fight against any rebellions.

Think, Pair, Share
The Medieval Church
What can we learn from the Domesday Book?
Learning Objectives
Know - What the Domesday Book is and why it was made.

Understand - What the Domesday Book can tell us about the effects of the Norman Conquest.

Skills - Change and Continuity and Source Analysis
Can explain what the Domesday Book is.

Can explain how it would help William control England.

Can identify the change and continuity in Backwell between Anglo-Saxon times, Norman times and today.
What documents give information about ourselves? E.g.where we live, how old we are and where to find shops.
What does the Domesday Book say about Backwell?

Q1) Study Source A. What was Backwell called in 1086?

Q2) Study Source B. What stayed the same in Backwell between the time of Edward and the time of William the Conqueror?

Q3) Study Source B. What changed between the time of Edward and the time of William the Conqueror?

Q4) Why do you think this change took place?

Q5) What has changed from the Backwell of Domesday Book and Backwell today?
Think, pair, share.
King William’s To Do List

1) I need to get control of England (and Wales).

2) I need to reward all those knights who fought with me.

3) I need to make sure people are loyal to me.

4) I need to make some money, invading England cost a lot.
The Domesday Book was a huge survey which covered all of England and some of Wales. It recorded everything from how many people lived in each village and town to how many pigs they had.
The aim of the Domesday Book was to help King William collect as much tax as possible.
Let's recap
Key Question - How do you think he could solve some of these problems?
William is French and does not know England or its people.
However, there's a problem.....
I can't even speak English!
William's answer to the problem of money was.....The Domesday Book
Extension Task - Create your own survey.
Step 1 - Give your survey a name - E.g. Dr Brodie's Backwell Inspection
Step 2 - Write 5 questions to find out as much as possible about people in the class. E.g. How many pets do you have and what are they?
Step 3 - Interview 3 people to get your results?
Step 4 - How do you think your results are different from the Domesday Book?
Let's play Domesday Dominoes.

With the person next to you connect the dominoes together to find out about the Domesday Book and to reveal a key word.

You have 5 minutes.
Dr Brodie's Expectations - The 3 Rs
1) Be Ready - Come to class prepared to work. This means having all the equipment needed for the lesson and having an open and inquisitive mind.

2) Be Responsible - Participate, pay attention, make your best effort and ask for help when you need it.

3) Be Respectful - Listen when others are talking, put your hand up to answer questions and encourage others' learning.
Do we agree these are fair?
1) It involves listening to someone in a language you can't understand.
2) There are no microphones and the person speaking is behind a screen so you will not be able to see or hear very well.
3) Be told how terrible things might happen to you.
4) Give 10% of your income for a year to the person speaking.
5) If you attend you will be given the best reward you can imagine.
If this is the answer, what is the question?

1) 1086.

2) Bacoile.

3) Turchil and then Nigel.

4) Survey.

5) Domesday Book.
The Harrying of the North
Learning Objectives
Know - What the Harrying of the North was.

Understand - Why William carried out the "Harrying of the North" and what the consequences were.

Skills - Cause and Consequence
Can describe the Harrying of the North.
Can explain why the Harrying of the North was carried out.
Can identify the consequences of the Harrying of the North.
William's reign did not run smoothly. He had to assert his control. Between 1068 and 1069, Anglo-Saxon Lords in the north of England rebelled against him.
The Scenario Starter
In your textbook go to page 17.
Let's read the pages together, then you should answer some questions.
Were William's actions in the north the right thing to do in order to make sure he could control England?

Q1) What were the causes of the English rebellion?

Q2) What actions did the English take?

Q3) What actions did William take?

Q4) What were the consequences of the rebellion?
Answer in FULL sentences:
What do you think is going on here?
Think, pair, share.
Mini-Depth Study - The Murder of Thomas Becket
How should William the Conqueror be remembered?
What makes someone worth remembering after they have died?
Come up with 5 things in pairs.
In 1087, his son William Rufus became king. His funeral was not a very pleasant affair.
Starts at 2.54
When important people die we often write something called an obituary. An obituary reports the death of someone and gives a summary of their life and achievements.
Your task is to write an obituary for William the Conqueror.
William the Conqueror's Obituary
Steps to success!
Step 1 -Include some facts and dates about his life.

Step 2 - Say which event/s he will be remembered for most and why. E.g. Battle of Hastings, Domesday Book and/or Harrying of the North.

Step 3 - Say what you think he was good at and what he could have done better. E.g. Was he a good fighter? Was he kind? Was he powerful? Was he inventive?

Step 4 - Include an overall judgement on his life. Is it worth remembering? If so, why?

Try to write about 1 page in your books.
Describes the life of William the Conqueror

Explains why William the Conqueror was either successful or not successful.

Makes a judgement on William the Conqueror's reign using things he did well and things he did badly.
A) Harold Godwinson
B) William Duke of Normandy
C) Edward the Confessor
A) 1066
B) 1115
C) 1086
Which is the odd one out and why?
A) Senlac Hill
B) Pretending to run away
C) Stamford Bridge
A) Rebel
B) Revolt
C) Survey

Learning Objectives
Know - What an obituary is.

Understand - How to assess if someone is significant.

Skills - Significance.
Castle Project
Where should the Normans build their castles?
Why was Chepstow Castle built here?

The date is 1 January 1067. William the Conqueror has been king for one week and he has some orders for you, so LISTEN UP!
Step 1 -Describe one advantage and one disadvantage of each location.

Step 2 - Rank the locations from the best place to build to worst place to build (1 is best, 4 is worst).

Extension – Can you think of any other places you could build a castle? What are the advantages of these. Put these in your book.

After the Battle of Hastings, William was vulnerable. Many people did not want him to be king, so he had to control England by force. To do this he built lots of castles.

What Happened after Hastings?

Circle a sentence you are proud of and explain why you are proud of it.
How have you got on?
I think you should build your castle close to a river because you could defend it easily and it could be used to bring in supplies.

Now Write your Report to William

Which castle is easiest to defend?
What strengths and weaknesses do they have?
Learning Objectives
Know - Why the Normans built castles

Understand - How the Normans made decisions about where to build them.

Skills - Causation

Explains reasons for the location of a castle.

Compares the advantages and disadvantages of different places to build a castle.

Justifies why a castle should be built in a particular place by comparing it to other places.
Success Criteria
Choose a Location for Your Castle

Step 1 - Find out advantages and disadvantages of different locations

Step 2: Write a report justifying why you have chosen a particular place.
You need to:
Dear King William,

I am writing to you to recommend that you build your castle near to _________

I think you should do this because ______________

It is a better place to build a castle than others because ___________

Yours Sincerely

I think this is a good sentence because I have justified my decision with evidence.
Dover Castle
Warwick Castle
York Castle
How did castles develop over time?
Learning Objectives
Know - Describe different stages of castle development

Understand - Explain why castles changed over time.

Skills - Chronology and Change and Continuity
Success Criteria
Describes the changes to castles over time.

Explains the strengths and weaknesses of each stage of castle design.

Makes a judgement on which was the most significant change in castle design.
Tourist Castle

Stone Keep

Curtain Wall
and Bailey

Castle Palace

1066-1100 1100-1150 1150-1250 1250-1600 1600-1900 1950-Present
Match the Castle with the Time Period
Work in Pairs:
Step 1 – Draw the type of castle in the picture box.
Step 2 - Give each castle a rating out of 10 (10 being the best) for each category – talk about why you have given this rating.
Step 3 – Play the game.

EXTENSION - Add your own category on the cards.

The Rules:
Each player is dealt three cards and the cards are placed face down.
Each player picks up their first card and one player calls out its best feature. e.g. “Defensive strength 10.”
If this card is better than your opponents card you take both cards and put these at the bottom of your pack.
If there is a draw you pick a different category.
You take it turns to call out a category.
The winner is the person who gets all their opponents cards.
TASK - Top Trumps
Lesson 1: Why did Henry II quarrel with his Archbishop?
Lesson Two: Thomas Becket Murder News Report
Learning Objectives
Know - Different interpretations of Becket's muder.

Understand - How to create an historical interpretation.

Skills - Historical Interpretations
2) Next to a river.
1) In a town
3) On a cliff
4) Near a forest
PEE in your paragraph: Point, Evidence, Explain!

What were the first castles like and why did they change over time?
Learning Objectives
Know - The key features of a Motte and Bailey castle.

Understand - What the Motte and Bailey was used for and why the design of castles changed.

Skills - Change and Continuity.
Success Criteria
This is what you saw.
Now draw it neatly, using a pencil in
3 your books.
Relay Reveal
Number your group from 1-4

The number 1s will come to the front to look at a picture. They will have 15 seconds to look at the picture and then must return to the group and draw what they have seen. You will have 1 minute and 30 seconds once you return.

This process will be repeated until everyone has had a go.
Plan which part of the picture you will look at before you go up. Try to remember areas you do not already have.
Good Luck.
Answer the following in FULL sentences.
Q1) Why do you think Motte and Bailey castles were built by the Normans?

Q2) What areas of the Motte and Bailey castle could be improved to make it easier to defend?

So what did the Normans do?
In FULL sentences write down what you think is happening in this picture.
They upgraded the motte and bailey castles to stone. These became known as stone keep castles.
Look at this picture of a Stone Keep castle. Answer the following questions.

Q1) How would you attack this castle?

Q2) How could this castle be made easier to defend?
Can describe features of castles.

Can explain why castles had different features.

Can evaluate different castles strengths and weaknesses.
Make either a Motte and Bailey or Stone Keep Castle
Due date
1) Use sensible materials - no mud or anything dangerous.
2) The size MUST be kept down - ideally it should be no bigger than a shoe box.
3) It should be historically accurate - this means no spacemen, lasers or other whacky things.
Find the year that Domesday Book was completed.

Now take away the year that William the Conqueror became king.

Now times that by the number of contenders for the English throne after Edward the Confessor died.

What is the answer?
Maths Challenge
Domesday Book was completed in 1086.

William the Conqueror became king in 1066.

So 1086 - 1066 = 20.

There were 3 contenders for the throne.

So 20 x 3 = 60.
Explain the key word without saying it!
E.g. I think the most significant change in castle design was________________

I think this because_______________.

Explain why your change was more important than other changes and why the change happened.
E.g. I think the most significant change in castle design was__________

I think this because____________

MAT CHALLENGE: Explain how your change was more important than other changes.

Which was the most significant change in castle design and why?
Can describe the changes in castles over time.

Can make a judgement on what was the most significant change in castle design.

Compares the changes in castle design to inform their judgement on which change is the most significant.
Extension - Add a sentence explaining why each design changed.
Explain in your books why or why you would not attend the following event.
Learning Objectives
Know - The role of the Church in Medieval England

Understand - Why the Church was so important in Medieval England

Skills - Significance
Success Criteria
Describes the role of the Church in the Middle Ages.

Explains the role of the Church in Medieval society and understands its importance to people's lives.

Evaluates how important the church was in the Middle Ages using evidence.
The church was extremely important

The church was a bit important

The church was not important at all

Draw the scale below into your exercise books across a double page.

Read the statements about the Medieval Church. Decide how powerful you think each one makes the church sound.

In your books explain why you think the Doom Painting is in pictures and not words.
Doom Paintings were placed at the front of Medieval Churches for people to see.
1) Stick down your doom painting.
2) Label some of things that you can see using the following...

Describe what we can see happening.
Then write a paragraph explaining your judgement on whether the Church was important or not.
How can we tell from churches that religion was important?

How can we tell from these Medieval Churches that religion was important?
How close did medieval people get to identifying the correct cause of the Black Death?
What did Medieval people think about God and religion?
1) What did medieval people think was God's role in life?
2) Why did rich people in Medieval England pay priests?
This is a picture of one of the most famous events in English history. Study the picture carefully and write down three questions you would like to ask about it:
Learning Objectives
Know - Why Thomas Becket was murdered.

Understand - The difficult relationship between medieval monarchs and the Church.

Skills - Causation
Success Criteria
Describes Thomas Becket's life.

Explains the the reasons why Henry II and Thomas Becket fell out.

Uses evidence to judge whether the argument was due to personal quarrel or over control of the Church.
Opinion Line
Was the argument between Henry II and Thomas Becket over control of the church or due to a personal quarrel?
Control of the church
Go to pages 56-57 in your textbook.

Read the pages and answer questions 1-6.
Your first job is to divide the characters (news reporter, knights, monk and King Henry) between your group.

You have today’s lesson and your next lesson to write and perfect your script.

Write the script in rough – it must be historically accurate and include different interpretations. (Use your textbook and notes to help you)

Read through and practise the script together to make sure it makes sense.

You must work sensibly in your groups – your presentation needs to be good!
Becket Murder News Report
Edit your script – this means read it through and check everything. Some bits will need deleting, some bits will need to be added

Read through and practise it to make sure it makes sense.

You may need to write your script up in neat.

Think of any props you might want to bring in to help the presentation. You can make some props today if you wish.
Year 7 News! – An improvisation on the Death of Becket
Copy this table into your books
Evaluate your own group's performance.
You need to write two paragraphs evaluating your own group's performance.

Our group worked well because…
Consider… the allocation of roles, dividing the script, working together etc.

Our group’s performance could have been improved by…
Consider…Historical accuracy, props, quality of script etc.
After the murder, Henry II was shocked and full of remorse.
In 1174 he walked barefoot into the cathedral, knelt before Becket’s tomb and ordered monks to whip him more than 200 times.
The Pope made Becket a saint and churches were named after him.
Church courts remained for the clergy. The king was, however, still allowed to choose bishops.
Consequences of Becket’s Murder
Success Criteria
Describes different interpretations of Becket's murder.

Explains why there are different interpretations of Becket's murder.

Creates different interpretations of Becket's murder using evidence.
Say what you see!!
Turn to page 28 and answer questions 3-6. You will need to use information on page 27 to answer the questions.
Learning Objectives
Know - The causes of the Black Death.

Understand - What led people to believe there were so many different causes.

Skills - Causation
Success Criteria
Describes the Black death and its real causes.
Identifies and categorises different why the different theories on the causes of the Black Death.
Look at these graphs. Try to work out when the Black Death took place.

Write a sentence about what its effects were.
TASK- Medieval people's views on the Black Death.
Each one of you has a card with a reason that people believed caused the Black Death. You need to meet as many people as possible to build up an overview of what they thought caused the Black Death.
What they thought caused the Black Death
TASK: Write an article for BBC History Magazine explaining the causes of the Black Death.

* A headline.

*The real cause of the Black Death.

* What people in medieval England thought caused the Black Death and why they thought it.

* Explain how close medieval people got to identifying the correct cause of the Black Death.

* Include some drawings and colour.

Remember to PEE!
Creates an article explaining the causes and why people believed them.
If this is the answer what is the question?

The planets being not alligned.


Higher wages.

What cause the Black Death?
It was caused by fleas on Black Rats. It spread trade routes on ships. It took a long time to spread across Europe.
What was it like to be ill in medieval times?
How are these people being tortured and what might they have done?
TASK: Meet the Medieval Doctor
Explain one way illness was diagnosing and one way that illness cure.

Reading p.99 can we link the different treatments to problems with different humours?
Learning Objectives
Know - Features of medieval medicine.

Understand - How to analyse a primary source for its usefulness.

Concept - Evidence.

Skills - Source analysis.
Success Criteria
TASK: Medieval Doctor
HOT Question
What do you think that medieval people believed caused disease and why?
2. How valuable is the source on p.98 to a historian studying medieval medicine?
2. Design your own medieval medical treatment to cure a problem with one of the 4 humours.

Success Criteria:
* Must be based on Medieval ideas.
* Should be gruesome.
* Could be bassed on religious ideas.
What it can tell us?
What is it missing?
What about the stuff around the background to the source?
Infers features of medieval surgery.
Explains medieval beliefs about the causes of disease and about the
Assesses a primary source on medieval medicine.
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