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The New Immigrants (Chapter 7 section 1)
Transcript of The New Immigrants (Chapter 7 section 1)
the late 19th and early 20th centuries Push versus Pull
1. Push- P.E.C.S. situations which
drive immigrants out of their native
2. Pull- the promises of the new land
offering a new life Europeans
1. Escaping religious persecution
a. Jews were being pushed out of Russia By
Specific programs designed to attack the Jewish
2. Europeans population exploded limiting available farm
a. Promise of jobs and land pulled Europeans
3. Reform and revolt began in Europe pushed
Europeans to create new independent lives Chinese and Japanese (not as many
came to America compared to Europeans)
1. The Discovery of Gold pulled
many asians to the possibility of
2. Japanese government allowed Hawaiian
planters to recruit.
a. promises of jobs
3. Many A sians ended up building America's
railroads and on farms West indies and Mexico
1. Around 200,000 left the west Indies
(comprising jamaica, Cuba, Puerto Rico and
others) due to job scarcity in their homelands
2. about 700,000 Mexicans came to the U.S.
to find work. The U.S. set out irrigate the arid
farm lands in the west creating new opportunities
for farmers The new life in America The Journey
1. Immigrants traveled by steam ship
The voyage took about a week for Europeans and 3 for Asians
2. Most immigrants traveled in steerage.
Usually infested with lice
disease spread quickly due to close confines
many died before they reached America Ellis Island and Angel island
1. Ellis Island- Most immigrants (europeans) passed through
ellis island to gain entry into America
Most were detained for a day or more before
inspection. However, only around 2% were denied.
2. Angel island- Mostly asian immigrants came here.
More harsh than ellis island.
detention was long and in unsanitary conditions.
Questioning was difficult
Rise of Nativism
1. Nativism- over favoritism towards
"preferred immigrants"- These were British,
German, and other peoples thought to be of
2. Chinese Exclusion act-created to limit the loss
of native born jobs to asian workers.
3. Gentlemen s agreement-agreement between U.S. and
Japan. U.S. wouldn't restrict Japanese immigration, Japan
wouldn't allow as many immigrants to the U.s.