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Transcript of Erik Erikson
he loved doing children's portraits. He also taught art.
- He was a friend to Anna Freud (Sigmund Freud's daughter)
- Erikson faked his own son's death (Neil Erikson) after he was born with Down Syndrome -- he and his wife institutionalized him as the doctors believed he would only live up to two years Erikson Theorizes Criticisms Erikson has been criticized in the past for adhering to Freud's misogynist theories Accomplishments Born... Erik Erikson was born
on June 15th, 1902 in
Frankfurt, Germany. Development Erikson married a Canadian woman
by the name of Sarah (changed to Jean) Lucretia Serson and graduated from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute in 1933. He and his wife emigrated to the States to
avoid the Nazi invasion. Erikson
became the first child psychoanalyst
in Boston. He and Jean had 4 children: Kai T. Erikson, Sue Erikson, Neil Erikson and Jon Erikson. Erik died in 1994 at
the age of 91 in Massachusetts. Raised... Many have said that Erikson's
love of psychology came from his
childhood. His mother was Jewish
and he'd never known his father, but his name was probably Erik.
He was always teased in school
for either being Jewish or
"Nordic"-- a slash at his
blond hair and blue
eyes. Psychologist Erikson taught at many
well-established schools in
America, including Yale, Harvard, and Berkley. His main contribution to psychology was his develop-
mental theory -- The Eight
Psychosocial Stages of
Development. By Erik Erikson Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development These stages outline the steps that every human must partake in to develop healthily. This chart simplifies the theory that Erikson is most known for. Erikson, being an intelligent man, agreed and disagreed with many theories in his field.
Some examples are... - he agreed with Gandhi's idea of Political Theater (theatrical acts of protest performed
by surprise in public to draw attention to political issues, a current day example was
the Occupy Movement).
- though he studied Freud and even agreed
with a lot of his theories, Erikson didn't
believe that the personality of a human
was shaped by the age of 5 -- hence
the Eight Stages. (Misogyny = hatred/unequal treatment of women) I think Erikson is extremely interesting. I disagree with most developmental theories. I'm not sure if I can stand by anything that considers a human life to be just stage after predictable stage. But when I look at Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, I can see some coherency with my own life. If anything, I can appreciate a theory that stands the test of time. Everyone at the age of 17 has to of asked themselves existential questions. I don't know what I can be, but apparently by the age of 20 I'll be well aware. I chose Erik Erikson because I wanted a better understanding of his theories. Last year's knowledge was too sparse, and I found myself reading about his Eight Stages of Psychosocial stages over the summer and thought about how I would love to learn more about him as a person.
I think his stories delivered; he's very complex. I'm even thinking of reading his daughters memoirs that outline life with him to a further extent. Douvan, Elizabeth. "Erik Erikson: Critical Times, Critical Theory" Web http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/43955/1/10578_2004_Article_424474.pdf
Thomas, Michael. "Erik Erikson" Web http://faculty.frostburg.edu/mbradley/psyography/erikerikson.html
Krementz, Jill. "Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development" Web
George Boeree, C. (Dr.) "ERIK ERIKSON 1902 - 1994" Web
Kai T. Erikson (editor). In Search of Common Ground: Conversations with Erik H. Erikson & Huey P. Newton. New York: W. W. Norton. 1973. 143pp.
Lawrence J. Friedman. Identity's Architect: A Biography of Erik H. Erikson. New York: Scribner. 1999. 592pp.