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Analogy-FD

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by

Kriza Cates Dela Cruz

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Analogy-FD

many : plenty :: empty : nothing

happy : joyful :: sad : lonely
camera : capture :: ruler : measure

broom : sweep :: knife : Cut
A N A L O G Y
A comparison of two things based on their
being
alike in some way.
The act of comparing two things that is a
like in
some way.
Ex.
Chalk is to teacher as hammer is to carpenter.
or you can write

chalk:teacher :: hammer:carpenter



pleasure : smile :: pain : suffering
What is the missing picture?


SYNONYMS
The relationship between the words has something to do
with the similarities in their definitions.
Ex
huge : _____ :: tiny : small

cruel : mean :: good : ____
Ex.
open : close :: near : far

soft : loud :: slow : quick
huge : large ::
tiny : small

cruel : mean ::
good : nice
ANTONYMS
The relationship between the words
has to do with the difference in their
definitions.

Ex.
day : ____ :: in : out

bewilder : concentrate :: tense :____

day : night :: in : out

bewilder : concentrate ::
tense : relax

keyboard : type :: telephone : call

paintbrush : paint :: rug : dry
OBJECT AND ITS FUNCTION
Some objects have designated functions
which are inseparably connected to the
concerning object.

Ex.
camera : capture :: ruler : ____

broom : ____ :: knife : cut
tail : dog :: arm : body

door : house :: ceiling : room
PART AND WHOLE

One word is a part or piece of the other.

Ex.
____ : car :: branch : tree

day : week :: ____ : year
wheel : car :: branch : tree

day : week :: month : year
fire : ashes :: rain : flood

germ : illness :: practice : improve
CAUSE AND EFFECT
An analogy pair of words whose relationship
has two parts. Cause is an action of and effect
is the result of that action.
Ex.
fight : injury :: theft : ____

insult : ____ :: praise : pleasure
fight : injury :: theft : jail


insult : pain :: praise : pleasure
TYPES OF ANALOGY

1. Synonyms
2. Antonyms
3. Object and Its Function
4. Part and Whole
5. Cause and Effect
Full transcript