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Transcript of Analogy-FD
happy : joyful :: sad : lonely
camera : capture :: ruler : measure
broom : sweep :: knife : Cut
A N A L O G Y
A comparison of two things based on their
alike in some way.
The act of comparing two things that is a
Chalk is to teacher as hammer is to carpenter.
or you can write
chalk:teacher :: hammer:carpenter
pleasure : smile :: pain : suffering
What is the missing picture?
The relationship between the words has something to do
with the similarities in their definitions.
huge : _____ :: tiny : small
cruel : mean :: good : ____
open : close :: near : far
soft : loud :: slow : quick
huge : large ::
tiny : small
cruel : mean ::
good : nice
The relationship between the words
has to do with the difference in their
day : ____ :: in : out
bewilder : concentrate :: tense :____
day : night :: in : out
bewilder : concentrate ::
tense : relax
keyboard : type :: telephone : call
paintbrush : paint :: rug : dry
OBJECT AND ITS FUNCTION
Some objects have designated functions
which are inseparably connected to the
camera : capture :: ruler : ____
broom : ____ :: knife : cut
tail : dog :: arm : body
door : house :: ceiling : room
PART AND WHOLE
One word is a part or piece of the other.
____ : car :: branch : tree
day : week :: ____ : year
wheel : car :: branch : tree
day : week :: month : year
fire : ashes :: rain : flood
germ : illness :: practice : improve
CAUSE AND EFFECT
An analogy pair of words whose relationship
has two parts. Cause is an action of and effect
is the result of that action.
fight : injury :: theft : ____
insult : ____ :: praise : pleasure
fight : injury :: theft : jail
insult : pain :: praise : pleasure
TYPES OF ANALOGY
3. Object and Its Function
4. Part and Whole
5. Cause and Effect