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The North Wins

Chapter 17 Section 3 497-503
by

Val Fetahu

on 29 May 2013

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Transcript of The North Wins

The Road to Gettysburg In September of 1862, General McClellan stopped General Lee's Northern attack but failed to finish him off so Lee and his men retreated safely to Virginia.

President Lincoln grew very frustrated with McClellan and replaced him with Ambrose Burnside. However Burnside provided to be a disappointment as well.
*Battle of Fredericksburg- Union defeat. 12,600 Casualties

Lincoln then replaced Burnside with General Joseph Hooker. This proved to be yet another failure.
*General Lee had half the men that Hooker had yet managed to cut the Union forces to pieces

However, there was one success for the Union, General "stonewall" Jackson returned to his patrol and a Confederate soldier thought he was a Union soldier and shot him in the arm. His arm was amputated his arm and he later caught pneumonia and died. Surrender at Appomattox General Lee could not hold out any more. He fled west from Richmond to Petersburg but Grant followed in pursuit (chase)

April 9, 1865, Lee and Grant met in the small Virginia town of Appomattox Court House to arrange the surrender.

Grant offered very generous terms of surrender
*Both men returned home in peace with private possessions and horses
*Grant also gave food to the hungry Confederate Soldiers Section 3: The North Wins

Main Idea: Thanks to victories, beginning with Gettysburg and ending with Richmond, the Union Survived The Tide of War Turns 1863-1865 The Battle of Gettysburg The battle of Gettysburg started on July 1, 1863. The confederacy went into Southern Pennsylvania by accident. They had no intention of engaging in another battle.

The fighting lasted for three days. 90,000 Union troops under General Meade clashed with 75,000 confederate soldiers.

The first two days were very devastating for the Union but the turning point came on July 3rd in what is now known as Pickett's Charge. Northern Victories After Pickett's Charge, the Union receives great news.

General Ulysses S. Grant defeated Confederate troops at the Siege of Vicksburg

Previously, Grant had been victorious in the West when he opened the Mississippi for travel deep into the South. Vicksburg was the last major Confederate stronghold on the river.

In the Spring, the Union took New Orleans and now the Mississippi fulfilling the Anaconda Plan and splitting the Confederacy in two.

In March of 1864, Lincoln names Grant commander of all the Union Armies. Ms. Fetahu
U.S. History
5/29/13 General Joseph Hooker General Burnside General McClellan Sherman's Total War Union forces under General William Tecumseh Sherman pushed through the Deep South.

Sherman waged total War: A war not only against enemy troops but against everything that supports the enemy.
*Tore up rail lines, destroyed crops, and burned and looted towns Sherman's attack was great for Lincoln.

During this time, Lincoln was up for re-election but Democrats were tired of the war and nominated McClellan.

With Sherman's success, the Northerners could sense victory and in turn Lincoln won re-election
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