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Iran-Iraq War

Zalia, Kaitlyn, Amber Topics in 20th Centry

Kaitlyn Kent

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Iran-Iraq War

Zalia, Amber, Kaitlyn Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) The Beginning September 22, 1980
Land and Air strike of western Iran
Saddam Hussein - Leader
Dispute over Shatt al Arab
Iraq and Iran had made treaty in 1975
Fall of Muhammad Reza Pahlevi = Fall of treaty
Iraq took Khorramshahr for the oil
Iran fought back, thus the war Economical Causes Loss of Khorramshahr = loss of oil for Iran
Money went from local needs to the develop of new weapons
Costs for simple items skyrocketed
milk, bread, eggs, postage stamps, etc.
The Home Front Iran
Role of Women
Loss of rights = at mercy of men
Family planning program = Low birthrate
Role of Women
Forced into fields
Higher literacy rates
No drafts from Universities Technological Developments T-55 and T-62 Tanks, BM-21, and Mi-24
3-line defense (obstacles, minefields, etc.)
Chemical Weapons
Brain Injuries
ohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War Revolution/Resistance Saddam Hussein > Khomeini
Khomeini tried to > Saddam Hussein
Street Battles = Revolutionary Guard + MEK
Iranian Kurdistan student anti-war demonstrations
ohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War Peace Settlements Iran agrees to UNSCR = August 20, 1988

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/iran-iraq.htm Politics No territorial changes
Iraq has no Navy
Kuwait gets US involved by re flagging ships
Soviet's act first by sending war ships
11th ship turns war in favor of Iraq
US wants to protect Middle Eastern Oil
Britain sends warships along with US and Soviets
Looking like WW2
Problem = Iran mines oil in international waterways
British Navy and American Navy sank oil mining boats
Post-War Economics Iraq is in need of revenue
Invade Kuwait to take over oil mines
Kuwait is outnumbered and outgunned
Iraq has artillery from US help
US launches police force to watch gulf
Egypt and Syria help US and Britain fight off Iraqi soldiers in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

Welcome to the Gulf War
Full transcript