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The English Colonies in North America: Comparing and Contrasting.
Transcript of The English Colonies in North America: Comparing and Contrasting.
in North America New England The English colonies in North America can be easily divided into three groups: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the souther colonies. Each of these regions were very different. They had different geographies, different government, and very different religious tolerance. This presentation is a study of their differences. Geography Economy/
Labor Source Massachusets, Conneticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island Middle New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware Southern North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Georgia Religious Diversity Government Important
People Successes and Difficulties New England had lots of rocky hills. In most of the colonies, the church was wrapped up in the government The Puritans, who formed the bulk of New England, had no religious tolerance People worked on their own. One of their successes was that they formed Massachussetts in the first place, after being persecuted in England and crammed onto one boat. John Winthrop: A Separatist who left England in search of his religious freedom. He was a famous preacher. Geography Economy/
Labor Source Government There was rich soil. There were some difficulties establishing government, especially in Delaware. Jews
Original Dutch Settlers
Scots It was the first place to outlaw slavery. Geography Economy/
Labor Source Religious Diversity Government There were low swamps and vast wetlands. They developed a very strict class system. There were Catholics and Protestants, and they argued. They exclusively practiced slavery. Successes and Difficulties One success was that they fed most of the colonies, allowiung other colonies to focus on specialization. Successes and Difficulties Important
People Something that could have been a success or diffculty, depending on which side you were on. When Roger WIlliams and Anne Hutchinson founded Rhode Island, it was a brand new colony, but the Separatists would prefer that they have stayed in Plymouth. The Salem Witch Trials, where many supposed "witches" were killed, was most definitely a difficulty. Thomas Hooker: A man who left Massachusetts to found Connecticut. He helped draft the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams: Members of Massachusetts who left to form the colony of Rhode Island. Cecilius Calvert: The brother of the first governer of Maryland. He was called Lord Baltimore, a name he was given by King George. The founder of Maryland, George Calvert, was his father. He and his brother were given complete contol over the colony. The colony of New York was originally a Dutch colony of New Netherland, so it was a success that it was taken. Peter Stuyvesant: A mayor over the Dutch colony of New Netherland, before it was captured and turned into New York. William Penn: The man whio founded Pennsylvania. He was a Quaker who pushed for wimen's rights and the end of slavery. James Oglethorpe: The founder of Georgia. He had grand plans involving his colony, but eventually he had to return to England. Until...Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. There were many forests. The seashore nearby helped them with fishing. There were long, cold winters. The main power in the government went towards Christian males. Profits were made by farming, fishing, and trading furs. Instead of large plantations, there were small, family-oriented farms. Ben Franklin: A famous inventor from Pennsylvania. Lots of religions and nationalities! There were lots of forested mountains and valleys. Instead, there were indentured servants and businessmen. Religious Diversity A Cabin in Delaware A Forested Hill Profits A Photograph of a Man Riding a Horse. Puritans probably did not have such a party atmosphere, but this may be similar to some of their gatherings. A Church, though Puritan churches were not this extravagant. Some Snowflakes, Frozen Around a Rod Some Rocky Hills Broad rivers led into the sea They had a very hot, wet climate. A Swamp in a Forest. The Carolinas started as one colony, but eventually they split. There were many plantations, which raised tobacco, cotton, and rice. The Catholics and Protestants remained angry at each other for more than a century Jamestown, in Virginia, was the very first successful English colony, which was quite an accomplishment. A Cotton Plant, which was raised in the South. A Thermal Map of the Southwestern USA. The Carolinas are in the upper right. North Carolina South Carolina To conclude, there were many, many, many different things among the colonies. However, they all shared something similar: they were the beginning of the country of America.