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Analyse the main factors which contributed to Hitler's rise

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elena d

on 22 October 2013

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Transcript of Analyse the main factors which contributed to Hitler's rise

Analyse the main factors which contributed to Hitler's rise to power in January 1933
Analyse the main factors which contributed to Hitler's rise to power in January 1933
Important terms:
- factors
Aspects, which actively contribute to the production of Hitler coming to power.

- contributed
To play a significant part in bringing about Hitler's coming of power.
- rise to power
Possessing control, authority or influence over others.
Historian's Definitions:
political disillusionment:

"there was disillusionment with the parliamentary system... it was not that the Nazis managed to destroy the Social Democrats and the Communists but that the traditional parties, the Conservative and Liberal parties, were hated and disappeared. It left a vacuum which the Nazis very cleverly and intelligently managed to take over." Louis Proyect, 2010
Scope and Time Range:
- Period from right after WWI (approximately 1919) to Jan 1933. This was the time of Weimar's existence.
- Possibly narrow down to the period when Hitler was coming to power i.e. 1920 (when he became leader of Nazi Party) to 1933

Assumptions:
- Assumes that factors can be both external and internal, however preferably internal, as Hitler did more for the Weimar Republic to gain his power.
Command term:
Analyse -
respond with a closely argued and detailed examination of a perspective/development. Indicate the interrelationships between key variables, assumptions and include a critical view of the significance of the account as presented.

dictatorial (totalitarian) system
"such regimes deliberately seek to manufacture consensus in favour of a small ruling elite by creating organizations of mass regimentation, by monopolizing all means of cultural production (especially the mass media) and by deploying various mechanisms of social control...[which] include propaganda, ritual politics to enforce an elaborate cult of the leader and the nation and various techniques of coercion ranging from legal restrictions on basic freedoms to systematic terror" Peter Griffin, 2003
Basic Background:
- Defeat of Germany in WWI 1919
- Weimar Germany 1919 - 1933

- Wall Street Crash 1929
- Signing of the Versailles Treaty 1919
Themes:
- economic factors
- political factors
- social factors
Important ideas:
- the effective use of propaganda
- the disorganisation of political extremism
- the weaknesses of the Weimar constitution

- economic depression due to Wall Street crash destroyed Weimar economy
- the dissatisfaction of the Treaty by the population
- the murder in Potempa overshadowed negotioations between Hindenberg and Hitler
Internal Factors contributing to Hitler's Rise
the unsettlement within party politics
The weaknesses in the Weimar Constitution were too democratic for the population
there was no viable alternative for the government
The strikes and discontent within the population caused by strikes
propaganda was used effectively to influence Hitler's views on the population
Thesis:
Hitler's rise to power in January 1933 was facilitated by several economic, political and social factors internal to the Weimar Republic. The relative disorganisation, or the lack of orderly structure of political extremism in the years following WWI (1919 to 1923) caused an appeal of Hitler's Party that offered a more stable dictatoral system. The effective use of propaganda by Joseph Goebbles enabled Hitler the influence over the population and to rise to power. Finally, inherent weaknesses in the constitution coupled with the economic slump caused the fail of Weimar and Hitler's becoming of the Fuerher.
Thesis
Political Disorganisation
Heavy use of propaganda
Weaknesses in the Weimar constitution
-In those years there were quite a few failed attempts at trying to detain power: the Kapp Putsch, the Spartacists Revolt and the Munich Putsch didn't succeed because they lacked a sufficient power base, which the Nazi party had.

Paragraph 1: One of the factors that influenced Hitler's rise to power was the relative disorganisation, or the lack of orderly structure of political extremism in the years following WWI (1919 to 1923) caused an appeal of Hitler's Party that offered a more stable dictatoral system.
Paragraph 2: Another factor that influenced Hitler's rise to power was the effective use of propaganda by Joseph Goebbles that enabled Hitler the influence over the population and to get people to believe what he wanted. By conducting surveys, to find out what appealed to people, Goebbles created a political platform where there was something to be found in every class in the Nazi Party. He said "Propaganda was our sharpest weapon in conquering the state". This attracted popular support for a major part of the population and caused it to vote for Hitler. There was endless campaigning and electioneering; all of Hitler's appearances were orchestrated. No other party had this, and this caused an elimination of some of the Nazi opponents.
Paragraph 3: Another internal factor that caused Hitler's rise to power in Jan 1933 were the inherent weaknesses in the constitution of Weimar that caused the fail of the Republic and Hitler becoming the Fuehrer. The constitution was too democratic and progressive and called for proportional representation. Because of the electoral system it was very difficult to form a stable government.
Article 48 was a key reason for the population's disillusionment with the government. It allowed the President of Germany to grant emergency powers to the chancellor. When Hindenberg used it in 1930 after the economic slump, it caused bitterness in the public and helped the Nazis gain more support, thius aiding Hitler's rise to power.
External Factors contributing to Hitler's Rise

economic depression due to Wall Street crash destroyed Weimar economy

- the murder in Potempa overshadowed negotioations between Hindenberg and Hitler- the murder in Potempa overshadowed negotioations between Hindenberg and Hitler
Anti-Semitism blamed the Jews for the loss of WWI; population agreed with Hitler
Hitler was in mutual understanding with Henry Ford, which alowed him to have an alliance with the foreign firm.
- the dissatisfaction of the Treaty by the population

Thesis: The external factors that influenced Hitler's rise to power were the Economic Eepression due to Wall Street Crash in 1929 that destroyed the Weimar economy. This caused bitterness and helped gain more votes to the Nazi Party. The German population found the Treaty of Versailles punitive. The Nazi Programme demanded the abolishment of the Treaty and aided in Hitler's rise in popularity and power. The murder in Potempa overshadowed negotioations between Hindenberg and Hitler and theoretically considered the participation of the Nazi Party in the government.
Paragraph 1:An external factor that influenced Hitler's coming of power was the Great Depression caused by the Wall Street Crash in 1929. Due to the Depression, democracy brought prosperity only to a few, leaving most with political disillusionment. Therefore democracy, as a government where the supreme power is vested in the people, made it easy for Hitler to rise to power.
Paragraph 2:Another external factor that influenced Hitler's coming of power was the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. It not only forced Germany to pay reparations, causing hyperinflation, but it also left the population as well as Hitler very bitter. Because the opinions matched, the Nazi Party was able to get more votes and influence Hitler's rise to power.
Paragraph 3: One other external factor that influenced Hitler's coming of power was the brutal Nazi murder at Potempa in Upper Silesia in August 1932. Hitler argued that the men acted out of "national passion". Although the murderers were released after he came to power, the President still asked for a pardon
(I dont think this is a good point, however I could not find other external factors)
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