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Encounter With the West and The Philippines Under Spanish Rule
Transcript of Encounter With the West and The Philippines Under Spanish Rule
Route In 1453, the Turks captured the city of Constantinople through which two routes passed. They closed the Northern and Central Routes. However, they allow Venetians to use the Southern Route on condition paying fees. Therefore, they monopolize and compelled Portugal and Spain to look for another route in going to Asia. EARLY VOYAGES TO ASIA Of all European countries, Portugal was the first to send expeditions to the East. Prince Henry "The Navigator", he sent an sent an expedition to the Azores in his desire to make Portugal a sea power. The expedition discovered the islands of Madeira and the Azores. He developed instruments for navigation like astrolabe, windrose compass and caravel. Bartholemew Diaz discovered the Cape of Good Hope
Christopher Colombus discovered Northern America
Vicente Pizon discovered Brazil
Nunez de Balboa discovered Pacific Ocean The Division of the World The Division of the World There was a sea rivalry resulted from the discoveries made by the Spain and Portugal. Pope Alexander VI, a Spaniard, issued a papal bull in 1493 dividing the world into two. 1. All lands south and west of the Azores and Cape Verde Islands were to belong to Spain while Portugal was to take the possession of Africa.
2. An imaginary line was drawn from north to south at 100 degrees west of the Azores. Lands of the east would belong to Portugal and the west would belong to Spain. 3. The pope being a Spaniard nullified the provision of the second bull by allowing Spain to own lands to be discovered in the East which properly belong to Portugal. The king of Portugal protested the decision of the Pope because it violated the rights of Portugal. As a result, they concluded the TREATY OF TORDESILLAS. 1. An imaginary line was drawn from north to south at a distance of 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands. Lands to be discovered at east would belong to Portugal and those on the west to Spain.
2. If Spanish ships discovered lands east of the demarcation line, the said lands should be turned over to Portugal and vice versa.
3. No Portuguese ships shall be sent to lands belonging to Spain and vice versa, for the purpose of trading with them. The TREATY OF TORDESILLAS was issued on June 07, 1494 The Magellan Expedition The Magellan Expedition Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese who went to Spain to offer his services to the Spanish King. Magellan was ignored rather than rewarded for his services to the Crown. This hurt Magellan and left Portugal for Spain. With the help of visual aids like maps and illustrations, he can reach the Moluccas known as Spice Islands by sailing west. The expedition consisted of five ships: the flagship Trinidad, the Concepcion, the Victoria, the Santiago and the San Atonio. Magellan heard Mass in the Church of Santa Lucia de la Victoria, after which the captains and crew of the ship took an oath of loyalty to Magellan as their commander-in-chief. On September 20, 1519, the expedition started and cross the Atlantic. Magellan's Voyage Magellan's Voyage On March 17, 1521, Magellan reached Philippines (Samar). The next day, Magellan ordered his men to land at Homonhon islet so the sick men can rest. Magellan proceeded to the islet of Limasawa, which was ruled by Rajah Kulambu. They became friends together with his brother, Agu and sealed their friendship with a blood compact. On Easter Sunday, March 31, Magellan ordered a Mass to be celebrated on the islet. Father Pedro de Valderrama celebrated mass near the seashore. This was the first mass held in the Philippines. THE FIRST BAPTISM Magellan, hearing of a rich island not far away, he ordered his captains to sail for what is now Cebu. Guided by Rajah Kulambu, the ships entered Cebu on April 08, 1521. The Cebu chieftain, Rajah Humabon, welcomed the Spaniards and ensued a blood compact between them. On April 15, 1521, Mass was celebrated in Cebu. Magellan persuaded the Cebuanos to become Christians. Rajah Humabon was given the Christian name Carlos in honor of King Charles of Spain, and his wife was given the name Juana, in honor of King Charles' mother. Magellan presented Juana the image of Infant Jesus where it is now the Patron of Cebu. The Battle of M.A.C.T.A.N