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Characterization

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on 7 November 2016

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Transcript of Characterization

Evaluating Direct and Indirect Characterization
Analyzing Character, Character Traits, and Conflict
1. What is a character?

2. What are the different kinds of characters?

3. What is the difference between direct and indirect characterization?

4. What is the difference between internal and external conflict?


Essential Questions
Timed, Pair, Share


thoughts
words
physical appearance
the actions of the character
what other characters say or think about a character
What you infer about the character based on these things
Literary Terms
stock character: a character type used repeatedly, often a stereotype like the mad scientist of horror stories or the blonde airhead of teen movies
Literary Terms
dynamic character: a character who experiences a major change or comes to a major realization during the course of the story. (The realization may or may not change the character’s actions, but the character will never be able to see the world in the same way.)

Literary Terms


flat character: a one-dimensional character who has only one or two, easily defined character traits that do not change

round character: a two-dimensional character. He or she is fully developed. We usually know how they look, act, what they say, think, and what others think about them.

Literary Terms
characters: the people the story is about

protagonist: the main character

antagonist: a character (or sometimes a thing) in conflict with the protagonist
Literary Terms
conflict: a struggle or problem in a story. Without a conflict there is no story or plot.
Literary Terms
direct characterization: the narrator or a character in the story tells us what we need to know about the character


indirect characterization: we find out about the character through the thoughts, comments, or actions of other characters
Literary Terms


static character: a character who does not undergo any changes during the story
Literary Terms
Characters and
Character Development
1. Can you think of a protagonist from a tv show, movie, or book?

2. How about an antagonist?

Characterization is the process by which the author reveals the personality of the characters.

There are two types of characterization:
What is Characterization?
Direct characterization is when the author TELLS the audience what the personality of the character is.

Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl were both at the game.”

The author is telling us that the boy is patient and the girl is quiet.
Direct Characterization
Indirect characterization is when the author SHOWS things that reveal the personality of the character.

There are FIVE different methods of indirect characterization:
Indirect Characterization
Speech- What does the character say? How does the character speak?

Example: “Hey, we can have lots of fun at camp this summer! I love being outside!”

This shows us the character is upbeat and happy.
Indirect Characterization
Thoughts- What is revealed through the character’s thoughts and feelings?

Example: I wish it would stop raining. I am tired of sitting inside!

This shows us the character is unhappy about the situation.
Indirect Characterization
Effect on Others- What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?

Example: The boy glared at his sister as she ate his dessert.

This shows us that the character is upset about his sister’s behavior and inability to think of others.
Indirect Characterization
Actions- What does the character do? How does the character behave?

Example: The girl rode the lawn mower through the house and into the garage.

This shows us the girl is not concerned with rules or safety.
Indirect Characterization
Looks- What does the character look like? How does the character dress?

Example: The little girl left the game with slumped shoulders and a frown on her face.

This shows us the little girl is not enjoying herself and is upset.
Indirect Characterization
Remember, the difference between direct characterization and indirect characterization is


Indirect characterizations are like CLUES about the characters. There is no mystery with direct characterization because the author gives us the information we need to know!
The Difference
Activating Prior Knowledge
What is a character?
Activating Prior
Knowledge
What are some different types
of characters?
Activating Prior
Knowledge
What is another name for the "good guy" in a story?

What about a "bad guy"?
Character Traits
Words that describe the character's personality or appearance based on:

Timed, Pair, Share
Think about one character you have read in class. Jot down some personality traits he or she has?
Timed, Pair, Share
Think about your best friend.
What types of character traits does he or she have?
(Hint: Think of 2 words to describe your friend and then explain why you chose those words)
Hint: Think of 2 words to describe this character's personality and then explain why you chose those words.
Timed, Pair, Share
What are character traits?
Literary Terms
A conflict can be INTERNAL or EXTERNAL
INTERNAL: A struggle/problem INSIDE the character (Character vs. himself/herself)
EXTERNAL: A struggle/problem between the character and someone or something OUTSIDE of himself/herself.
(Character vs. Character, Character vs. Nature, Character vs. Society)
INTERNAL CONFLICT
Character vs. Self
Usually an emotional problem
that needs to be overcome.
External Conflict
A struggle/problem between the character and someone or something.
Examples:
Character vs. Character
Character vs. Nature
Character vs. Society
Speech
Thoughts
Effect on other characters
Actions
Looks
STEAL
TELLING v. SHOWING!
DIRECT
INDIRECT
Dynamic Character
Timed, Pair, Share
What is the difference between a flat and round character?
Timed, Pair, Share
What is the difference between a static and dynamic character?
What can we infer about Sponge Bob from this picture?
What did the artist do to help us learn about his character?
Protagonist
Antagonist
Timed, Pair, Share
What is the difference between INTERNAL and EXTERNAL conflict?
Full transcript