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Fennec Fox Evolution

Science Project
by

Rajvir Dua

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Fennec Fox Evolution

Fennec Fox Evolution of the 2013 Species 9002013 Fennec foxes are the smallest canids in the world. They weigh about 1.5–3.5 lb., with a body length of between 24–41 cm. (9–16 in.,) they are around 20.3 cm. (8 in.) tall, and have a tail that is 7 to 12.2 in. (18 to 31 cm.) long. They live in deserts in Africa such as the Sahara desert. It digs and lives in underground dens which helps protect it from the blazing sun. It likes and typically eats small bugs, snails, rodents, termites, birds, and lizards, but it will occasionally eat fruit, berries, seeds, and eggs if it has to. Caracals, various types of African eagle owls, jackals, and striped hyenas hunt fennec foxes, although they are very hard to capture. Humans also hunt fennec foxes for its soft fur. The desert habitat is very harsh, as it is very hot during daytime, especially in the summer, and it is very hot during nighttime, especially in the winter. Also, there is very little water to be found there as it hardly rains and there are long droughts.

Fennec foxes typically live for 9-14 years and live very simple lives. A fennex fox cub is born. Then, it becomes an adult. After that, the fennec fox mates and has babies. Then, it sadly dies.

Fennec foxes have many adaptions (traits and physical characteristics) that help it survive in its desert environment. Fennec foxes have extremely large ears (measuring 6 inches), despite the fact that they are very small, that radiate body heat which helps it stay cool in burning temperatures. They have long, thick hair for fur that helps them stay warm on freezing cold nights and protects them from the sun during very hot days. Fennec foxes have very hairy feet that protect it from the burning hot sand. They live in underground dens that they dig to protect them from the sun and help them stay cool in very hot temperatures. Like many other desert animals, fennec foxes can go long periods of time water which helps them a lot because of the lack of water in the desert. Fennec foxes are also nocturnal (rest during the day and hunt during the night) which helps them deal with the extremely high temperatures. There are changes to the environment which cause the fennec fox species to adapt. The Spotted African Eagle Owl has become faster and stronger and developed into a new species called the Sported African Eagle Owl. This new species hunts fennec foxes and is very fast and strong. The other change in the environment is the weather. The weather becomes much hotter than the already burning temperatures.

These changes causes the fennec fox to adapt and develop new traits. The ears of the fennec fox become much larger allowing it to radiate a lot more body heat and stay cool in the higher temperatures. Fennec foxes also developed stronger legs and bodies. They're stronger legs allowed them to run away faster against this new predator. They're stronger bodies allowed them to fight off the bird if it wasn't able to run to safety in time. 3002013 6002013 Species Common Name: Fennec fox Scientific Name: Vulpes zerda Classification of the Fennec Fox: Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Vulpes
Species: Zerda Species Species More changes in the environment have caused the fennec fox to adapt to its new environment again. There was a long drought that caused some of the animals fennec foxes' eat to die off. That meant a decreased food supply for the fox. Also, a new fox species was created in the desert and it eats the same food as the fennec fox. This new species is called the Blue-tail fox. The Blue-tail fox is competing for the already decreased food against the fennec fox and the Blue-tailed fox is larger and stronger than the fennec fox.
This decreased food supply and new competitor for the fennec fox's food caused the species to adapt. Fennec foxes grew larger noses that helped them smell out food from far away. They also developed wings for flying so they can fly and hunt food faster than the Blue-tailed fox. They spend 50% of their time on land and 50% of their time in the air and they still sleep in underground dens. Fennec foxes also developed talons on their feet to be able to grab food off the ground while they are flying. Common Name: Fennec Fowl Scientific Name: Multes perda The fennec fox changed again because of its fur becoming popular. Before, not many humans used to hunt down the fennec fox, although some did for its fur. Its fur used to mainly be used in Africa. Then, its fur became popular and started to be sold at expensive rates worldwide. A lot of more people started to hunt the half-flying fox with new weapon technology.

These changes in its environment caused the fennec fox to adapt to its new environment again. Fennec foxes started to live completely in the air so they could fly away from humans and built nests if they found any trees. Fennec foxes became skinnier and lighter so they could fly faster away from humans. Also, they lost their front legs and their ears became smaller so they were more lighter and could fly faster away from humans. This also made fennec foxes a smaller target to aim at. These changes caused the development of a a new species. The new fennec fox after all this evolution was no longer called the fennec fox. It was known as the Fennec Fowl. larger nose wings talons long, thick hair large ears is nocturnal can go long periods of time without water hairy feet larger ears stronger body stronger legs smaller ears loses its
front legs lighter and smaller body Bibliography "Fennec Fox." Animal Bytes. Sea World, n.d.
Web. 12 Mar. 2013.
"Fennec Fox." Animals. National Geographic, n.d.
Web. 10 Mar. 2013. By: Rajvir Dua
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