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Geography - South Africa

South Africa Project Annie Clark

Annie Clark

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Geography - South Africa

Double click anywhere & add an idea - In 1652, Dutch traders settled on the Southern tip of South Africa and founded the city, Cape Town. The Dutch descendants were called Boers or Afrikaners.

- In my opinion, the apartheid in South Africa was a conflict so futile, selfish and ignorant, and in the end only reflected badly on white people.

- The government went to such extreme lengths to get rid of three quarters of their population, who contributed to the economy and ultimately helped the country stay afloat.

- Children and teenagers who were raised in during the apartheid, grew up being discriminated against, or adopted the same misguided views of their parents

- The worst part is that the apartheid was a a superficial conflict based purely on the color of one's skin, and not necessarily because of opposing beliefs

Some solutions that led to the abolishion of the apartheid:

- Many nations came together to put pressure on the South African government to abolish the apartheid.

- Most countries even ceased to trade with South Africa

- Racism regulations were relaxed in the 1990’s, as the generation who established the apartheid began to die.

- The new and younger politicians presented a more sagacious point of view.

- Black political parties were legalized, and the negotiations between whites and non-whites regarding power-sharing, began

- Bantustans were abolished and the blacks were re-integrated into South Africa

- In 1994, all-race elections and plural democracy were accepted
CONCLUSION - Although the conflict in South Africa was extreme, the lessons that were learned are universal, since political and economic power are usually the driving force behind many cultural conflicts.

- Racism itself has not yet been eradicated from the world, and it may never fully go away as long as the thirst for power and control still exists. By: Annie Clark SOUTH AFRICA SOLUTIONS OPINION - South Africa is located at the Southern tip of Africa

- It has a vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and a narrow coastal plain

- On the Atlantic and Indian ocean

- Three capitol cities: Cape Town, Pretoria, and Bloemfontein

- In 1652, Dutch traders settled in South Africa and founded the city of Cape Town

- These Dutch descendents were called Boers or Afrikaners.

- The British seized the land from the Dutch which caused them to creat new colonies: The Orange Free State and Transvaal

- Diamonds and gold were discovered on the land of these new colonies, the British invaded which resulted in the Anglo-Boer War

- The British defeated the Dutch and South Africa became a British dominion in 1910

- There was some racial segregation, but it was fairly informal

- All power was held by the European colonists
HISTORY - In 1948 the Afrikaaner National Party gains majority and creates the apartheid, (which means "apartness" in Afrikaan), as a way to maintain control of South Africa.

- In 1951, the black Africans (commonly referred to as Bantus), were forced by the government to relocate to an alloted portion of land exclusively for black people.

- The blacks and whites were kept seperately, with only 14% of the land set aside for black who were around 75% of the population

- Many black people were forced to live in poverty and had their basic rights taken away, or severely monitored.

- Where they were able to work and live was strictly regulated, their voting rights were taken away, and of course inter-racial marriage was unthinkable.

- Black people lost their citizenship to South Africa and required a passport to enter the country

- The African National Congress opposed apartheid and led riots in protest. Countless members of the ANC, such as Nelson Mandela (the future President of South Africa) were arrested and put in jail for protesting the government

- The goal of the Afrikaaner National Party in fabricating the apartheid was to permanently separate the blacks from the whites and relay the ideal of white supremacy.
CONFLICT "Workers unite for a white South Africa" Major cities and provinces in post apartheid South Africa
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