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Chinese Influence in East Asia

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Mingda Xu

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Chinese Influence in East Asia

Chinese Influence in East Asia
Silla dynasty

Korea and Vietnam

7th Century, Korea and Vietnam ('Nam) fell to chinese forces who used home made breaching charges

chinese influence and japan
samurai and aristocracy
japanese made aristocracy based on chinese government

samurai were ancient japanese warrior with heavy armor, they were the nobal guards of Japan, used to wipe out rivals, and subjugate rebels
1. Chinese influence in east Asia
A. Korea and Vietnam
1. The Silla dynasty of Korea (669-935 C.E.)
a. Tang armies conquered much of Korea; the Silla dynasty organized resistance
b. Korea entered into a tributary relationship with China
2. China's influence in Korea
a. Tributary embassies included Korean royal officials and scholars
b. The Silla kings built a new capital at Kumsong modeled on the Tang capital
c. Korean elite turned to neo-Confucianism; peasants turned to Chan Buddhism
3. Difference between Korea and China: aristocracy and royal houses dominated Korea
4. China and Vietnam
a. Viet people adopted Chinese agriculture, schools, and thought
b. Tributary relationship with China
c. When Tang fell, Vietnam gained independence
5. Difference between Vietnam and China
a. Many Vietnamese retained their religious traditions
b. Women played more prominent roles in Vietnam than in China
6. Chinese influence in Vietnam: bureaucracy and Buddhism
B. Early Japan
1. Nara Japan (710-794 C.E.)
a. The earliest inhabitants of Japan were nomadic peoples from northeast Asia
b. Ruled by several dozen states by the middle of the first millennium C.E.
c. Inspired by the Tang example, one clan claimed imperial authority over others
d. Built a new capital (Nara) in 710 C.E., modeled on Chang'an
e. Adopted Confucianism and Buddhism, but maintained their Shinto rites
2. Heian Japan (794-1185 C.E.)
a. Moved to new capital, Heian (modern Kyoto), in 794
b. Japanese emperors as ceremonial figureheads and symbols of authority
c. Effective power in the hands of the Fujiwara family
d. Emperor did not rule, which explains the longevity of the imperial house
e. Chinese learning dominated Japanese education and political thought
3. The Tale of Genji was written by a woman, Murasaki Shikibu
4. Decline of Heian Japan
a. The equal-field system began to fail
b. Aristocratic clans accumulated most land
c. Taira and Minamoto, the two most powerful clans, engaged in wars
d. Clan leader of Minamoto claimed title shogun, military governor; ruled in Kamakura
C. Medieval Japan was a period of decentralization
1. Kamakura (1185-1333 C.E.) and Muromachi (1336-1573 C.E.) periods
2. The samurai
a. Professional warriors of provincial lords
b. Valued loyalty, military talent, and discipline
c. Observed samurai code called bushido
d. To preserve their honor, engaged in ritual suicide called seppuku
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