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Photography 101

Photography I, Department of Fine Arts, Bloomington High School South. Staci Jennings, Ran Cao
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staci jennings

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of Photography 101

welcome to the world of PHOTOGRAPHY shutter speed dial shutter release film advance lever COMPOSITION LIGHT film revind knob focus ring aperture ring exposure indicator film speed selector accessory shoe self timer mode ON OFF (lock shutter) battery status check "No photographer is as good as the simplest camera. "
---Edward Steichen

“Beauty can be seen in all things, seeing and composing the beauty is what separates the snapshot from the photograph."
--- Matt Hardy rule of thirds leading lines symmetry depth perspective get in close diagonal rule depth of field scale simplification patterns and textures CAMERA IS AN OPTICAL INSTRUMENT
IT CAN BE EASILY DAMAGED classic SLR focus mode dial shutter release info screen focus ring flash control exposure mode dial accessory shoe command dial drive mode selector modern SLR depth of field preview button view finder film info holder battery compartment tripod socket cautions and warnings TAKING PHOTOS metering mode selector timer/remote control shutter curtains film cavity film take-up spool film sprockets pressure plate to help you better understand each factor of exposure, imagine that you are running a candy store and consider light as your profit... BEST TIME TO SHOOT
for beginners "Light makes photography. Embrace light. Admire it. Love it. But above all, know light. Know it for all you are worth, and you will know the key to photography."
---George Eastman 3 hours after sunrise and 3 hours before sunset You don't take a photograph, you make it.
---Ansel Adams Matthew_Roberts, flickr landscape photography - sebastien-mamy.fr, flickr Tim Green aka atoach, flickr hkvam, flickr hkvam, flickr shutter curtains film cavity film take-up spool pressure plate battery compartment tripod socket lens release autofocus assist beam infrared reciever command dial film rewind setting control command dial
on/off autofocus point
selector exposure lock autofocus
on/off but remember:
rules are meant to be broken framing *Zara, flickr view finder *Kelso*, flickr CubaGallery, flickr Ev@ ;-), flickr galibert olivier, flickr Tim TheFotoGuy (EnglePhoto.com), flickr ©Komatoes, flickr Dennis Pike Photography, flickr CubaGallery, flickr .: Philipp Klinger :., flickr before you begin always, always always
study your camera's manual camera parts loading film taking photographs Tomasito.!, flickr .: Philipp Klinger :., flickr To me, photography is an art of observation. It's about finding something interesting in an ordinary place... I've found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them.
---Elliott Erwitt DEFINE PHOTOGRAPHY THE BEST WAY TO LEARN “ Which of my photographs is my favorite? The one I’m going to take tomorrow. "
--- Imogen Cunningham PHOTOGRAPHY, noun, is derived from the Greek words phos ("light"), and graphis ("stylus", "paintbrush") or graphí, together meaning "drawing with light the recording of light practice, practice, practice aadnan613, flickr MisterSimbol, flickr orangeacid, flickr Peter Sundstrom, flickr stephaniereis, flickr unloading film Waleed Almotar, flickr KNOW YOUR CAMERA 1. open the back of the camera, place the film cassette upside down into the film cavity 2. pull the film out until the film leader reaches the opposite side, then insert the film leader into the slot of the film take-up spool 4. close the back of the camera and advance the film two more times 2. compose 1. focus your subject, using the center focusing circle 3. half press the shutter button to activate the meter, set shutter speed and aperture 4. fully press the shutter to take the photo 5. bracket if you have no idea what to do, follow one or more of the above techniques when you compose, and you will have a fifty-fifty chance of returning with a good picture most good photographs usually utlize one or multiple of the following compositional techniques shoot manual
work with black and white film
study (look at) others' works R.Cao, flickr be aware of camera shake when shooting hand held using slow shutter speed
the safe hand held shutter speed can be determined by taking the reciprocal of the lens' focal length, measured in mm
example: 50mm lens - 1/50 sec max
use a tripod when exceeding max amount of time that the shutter curtain is lifted NOTE THAT the shutter speed controls amount of motion recorded shutter speed aperture film sensitivity consider shutter speed as your store hours. the longer you open, the more customer, and thus more profit consider aperture as the size of your doors. The wider the door, the more customer, and thus more profit consider film speed as the efficiency of your workers. the more efficient your workers are, the more money they can get out of the customers, and thus more profit size of the lens' opening sensitivity of the film NOTE THAT graininess increases with increased sensitivity located in the lens
metal rings that open and close to let in light.
works like the pupil of an eye
usually produce the sharpest images between f/5.6 and f/11 f/2.0 f/2.8 f/4.0 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 camerashymom, flickr dannotti, flickr R.Cao, flickr kktp_, flickr Jeff Kubina, flickr ISO 100 ISO 200 ISO 400 ISO 800 ISO 1600 for beginners, use 400 speed film. its sensitivity is good for both indoor and outdoor lighting, relatively cheap and readily available Alex Frasquet, flickr megascapes, flickr Pedro Moura Pinheiro, flickr laurenlemon, flickr Jay Tankersley Photography, flickr stacijennings, flickr amount of area in focus
deep depth of field: the object photographed is in focus, forground and background also in focus.
shallow depth of field: the object photographed is in focus, foreground and background out of focus. NOTE THAT the aperture controls the depth of field 1/1000 sec 1/500 sec 1/250 sec 1/125 sec 1/60 sec 1/30 sec 1/15 sec 1.25 sec in 25 sec @1000 fps A fast shutter will freeze the motion. A slow shutter will blur the action located in the camera
blades made metal or silk/cloth
works kind of like eyelids
set to prevailing light condition
for beginners ----- sunny: 1/250 s, cloudy/shade: 1/125 s Kevin Council (kccouncil), flickr skarpi, flickr Peter you've lost the news, flickr CubaGallery, flickr metering and bracketing the exposure triangle point of view Jerem's Photography, flickr striatic, flickr isolation ẹЯiž - [OFF], flickr taylorkoa22, flickr .: Philipp Klinger :., flickr CameraShyMom, flickr eddyizm, flickr shutter speed film sensitivity aperture grain motion -(depth) meter can be fooled in high contrast scenes OBJECTIVE metered exposure +1 EV -1 EV 1/160, f/8, iso 200 1/320, f/8, iso 200 1/80, f/8, iso 200 bracket by changing shutter speed
maintain depth of field
bracket by changing aperture
maintain motion recorded sensor that measures the amount of light entering the lens
calculate if the settings will record enough light to get a correct exposure philippe leroyer, flickr Keith Morris, flickr idogu, flickr consider the triangle as the correct exposure
if you change one angle of the triangle, you have to change the other angles accordingly in order to maintain the triangle, or in this case, the correct exposure METER bracketing can increase your chance of getting the best exposure PHOTOGRAPHY I BLOOMINGTON HIGH SCHOOL SOUTH DEPARTMENT OF FINE ARTS be aware that you are NOT changing the film's sensitivity by setting it on the camera

you are "telling" the camera what the film's sensitivity is so the meter could work correctly f/2.0 f/2.8 f/4.0 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 be very careful with focusing when using large aperture, slight miss will throw your subject out of focus film are made of light-sensitive silver bromide crystals
sensitivity is determined by the size of the crystals
the bigger the crystals are, the more sensitive the film is to light, and the more visible the grains are to get the best quality possible, for print over 8 by 10, use slow film (ISO 100 and below)
use high speed film (ISO 800 and above) when shooting in low light or action (sports) wwarby, flickr records light
recorded image cannot be seen before processing
a.k.a "negative" because when processed it shows bright as dark and dark as bright self portraits terrible
need to be shreded burned, and buried terrible
at least shred it terrible
goes to the trash even if the person is ugly, boring, or expressionless, you can get a photo of them that does not need to be shredded, burned, and buried, just by following some of the compositional techniques consent from the photographer to use in Bloomington High School South Photography classes as negative examples for educational purposes only. intended to look terrible 3. advance the film by first pressing the shutter button and then film advance lever. The film should be wound on to the take-up spool dx reader master the fundumentals of photography
move beyond point and shoot
see the world in a different way, find beauty in the ordinary 1. press the film rewind button, usually located on the bottom of the camera film rewind button make sure the sprockets are placed into the film sprocket holes 5. set film speed NOTE: for most modern cameras, simply place the film on top of the film take-up spool and close the back of the camera ! DO NOT TOUCH THE SHUTTER BLIND
! DO NOT FORCE THE FILM ADVANCE LEVER ! DO NOT TOUCH THE SHUTTER BLIND
! DO NOT FORCE THE FILM REWIND KNOB 2. turn the film rewind knob, note the direction, you should feel tension 3. when tension is no longer felt, open the back of the camera and take the film out vesnakozelj.com thanksalot3, youtube brace your camera clean the lens with tissues or clothing force any part of the camera overtighten tripod socket touch the shutter blinds leave cameras in hot and humid location DO holding a camera take better photographs wear the camera strap put the camera in a well-padded bag when not using put lens cap back on the lens put a clear or uv filter on lens try to repair your camera yourself DON'T classical camera focusing screen modern camera focusing screen stand with your feet shoulder distance apart, with left foot a little bit in front for better support wrap your left hand around the bottom of the lens
place your right hand around the camera grip
elbows together and pressing on your chest
forehead against the camera
wear the camera strap around your neck when shooting vertical, make sure both of your elbows are still pressing on your chest (manual focus) (autofocus) out of focus out of focus out of focus out of focus in focus in focus follow these techniques to help you minimize camera shake standard procedures for beginners There is only you and your camera. The limitations in your photography are in yourself, for what we see is what we are.
--- Ernst Haas +1 EV (stop)
2X light +1 EV (stop)
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2X light f/16 +1 EV (stop)
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2X light if you cannot turn the rewind knob, do not force it. make sure you have pressed the rewind button

if you forgot to rewind and opened the camera, immediately close it and rewind

if you hear a tearing sound, or if the film becomes detached from the cassette, open the camera in total darkness and transfer the film into a light-proof container
Full transcript