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Old Schools Aruzhan Summative
Transcript of Old Schools Aruzhan Summative
The School House
Along time ago there weren't schools, some children had to be taught at home or at a neighbors house or weren't taught at all. But soon a large number of children were in the area, a community of people gathered and built a school house. Long shelves were used for desks, and small windows let just about enough light for the children to see their work. The children either sat on three legged stools or long, wooden benches. The teachers desk sat at the front of the room where she or he could see everyone, her desk was made of rough planks. The winters were often cold in the classroom but the fireplace in middle of the classroom barely kept it warm. Soon more and more parents wanted their children to have education, a larger school was needed. The larger school had two entrances, one for the boys and one for the girls, proper desks, shelves for books, and stools or benches were bought. Lots of different ages were mixed. The girls sat on one side of the room while the boys on the other.
Schools in the 1800's
By Aruzhan 4th Grade
In the 1800 there were several rules and differences in teachers and how they taught. Back then most of the teachers were men, but, the teachers didn't have special training, mostly they were retired soldiers who know how to read write and needed a job. Once a lady had got married she was not aloud to continue or to start to teach in a school. Teachers had to be able to handle naughty kids. As you can see there are many differences with the rules about being a teacher, and sometimes not enough.
You might be wondering what is the 3r's well it stands for Reading, wRiting and aRthimetic which is math. Most of the settlers were religious so the children had to be able to read so they could read the bible, they believed that you would become a better person. School books and writing paper were scarce(rare) so children who couldn't afford it practiced writing on slate boards. The pencils that were used for the slates were made of solid, hard rock so when a few years had passed the slate board would be covered with scratch marks. They also believed that a neat, slanting penmanship was valuable and was the sign of a cultured person.
Memorizing and Reciting
In the 1800's children were taught by memorizing, they memorized long poems and stories. Also by reciting which is now known as repeating many times by memory. Most of the time children would deliver speeches that they had written by themselves or say one of the long poems they had memorized.
Students practice drawing slants and pothooks (a pothook is the curves of letters) for hours and hours. If a child could draw straight lines and smooth curves they had a beautiful penmanship.
A Better Education
A few years later larger schools were built and the teachers taught more than the 3r's like Grammar, History and Geography. In the grammar lessons they had to parse sentences. Parsing means they have to analyze each single word. For example: The girl likes to go to the park. They would say girl is a noun because it's a name.
Running the School
The teacher needed help keeping the school clean so the teacher assigned chores. Most of the children enjoyed helping him or her. When a fresh supply of water was needed the children all wanted this job because it was a chance to take a stroll outside. But sometimes the chore was a punishment for naughty kids. Each child has his or her share. Early schools were cold in the winter the only source of heat was the wood stove in the center of the room, some families supplied wood, so children had to walk to school carrying an armful of wood for the fire. These are some of the chores that were assigned : to clear the chimney of soot and each day sweep the floor and clean the black board.
The school supplies were different then they didn't have fountain pens not even adorable erasers! Instead of proper pens they used quills, which are feathers of a goose, it's the teachers duty to keep the quill pens sharp.Once you started to write and made a mistake you can't erase it stays there and you have to start all over again! Since they used ink it left a lot of wet ink on the paper, to reduce smudging they covered it with blotting paper, blotting paper is soft paper that absorbs extra ink. They put this over the top of the paper after they have finished writing. The children wrote in copybooks which is a notebook without the spiral and lines the children then had to draw lines. Some students couldn't afford to buy these so they wrote on a slate board instead using a slate pencil.
The toys we have today are very different from what they played with then. Lots of children made their toys at home and brought them to school, they would use practically anything they would find at home but obviously they wouldn't use their bed or anything like that, this is the type of things they would use to make children's favorite thing toys: Yarn was rolled into a ball, thick sticks were carved in to whistles and a barrel stave became speedy sleds or what they would've called it "Skipjacks."
On the beginning of a new day The bell signals all the students to line up just like our schools. But they start with an opening exercise and sing or say the Lords Prayer because most students and teachers were religious. But if you were late you had to stay outside in the summer this was a lucky chance but even on cold winter mornings they would stay out until recess. Each morning the students made their manners to the teacher the girls curtsey
and the boys bow and both say good morning to the teacher.
The Christmas pageant is one of the biggest events of the year. Older girls and boys spent months preparing for this event reading a poem, or a story they had written, or a play they sang and did math drills or in other words showing what they had learned throughout the year, and demonstrating. Often the children would do presentations. A pageant is a special event or a show. At the end of the year students were given an oral examination or exam after this they would give a enormous sigh of relief. The day after the exam they would participate in races, games, and other games then they would eat in a delicious picnic and community lunch.
If you were in 1800's you sure wouldn't want to be caught their are some terrible punishments so be careful! In school pranksters tried to avoid getting caught because even they knew punishments were going to be harsh and cruel. These are things they would be punished for arriving late, answering questions incorrectly and the usual falling asleep in class. Lines, wearing the dunce cap and the rod were most of these cruel and evil punishments. But you might be thinking why is it so bad to wear a dunce cap well back then this is how the teacher shamed them. I'm sure you won't think the same about this the teacher often slapped and beat the children with what's called a birch rod. Also if the child was that bad he or she would be fastened to a clip to the wall so they would be standing on their tip toes until the teacher thought he or she had learned their lesson.