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Job search and career planning session 1

February 2013

Jim Campbell

on 4 August 2014

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Transcript of Job search and career planning session 1

International employers
recruiting from UK campuses

Opportunities in Audit, Tax, Enterprise Risk Services, Financial Advisory Services and Consulting.
Applications open from 01 September 2012
Please complete a feedback form. Thanks.
Any Questions?
Do you agree or disagree?

1. The careers service can find you a job.
2. All U.K. job vacancies must be advertised.
3. Most graduates find work through newspaper and magazine job
4. A good degree in the specific field I want to work in is the main
consideration for employers.
5. It is easy to find out about my right to work in the U.K.
6. When job-hunting, it’s not what you know it’s who you know.
Keeping in touch:
careers blog
Working outside of the UK:
advanced search facility
Careers sites by country
Working outside the UK:
online job listings
Keep up to date and remain visible
Online job listings
Social networking – Weibo, Brijj, LinkedIn
Employer meetings/placements

Sell the UK experience
World rankings, eg. QS, Times Higher
UK research output, ie. 6% of world’s research
Teaching and learning culture
Cosmopolitan learning communities
Job seeking overseas: overcoming barriers
Out of sight, out of mind?

Employers may be:

happy with existing sources of graduates?
unsure about one year Masters courses?
doubtful about your motivation - is the UK your first choice?
Concerned about your salary expectations?
Job seeking overseas:
some barriers to overcome
“At KPMG in the UK, we positively welcome international applications for our Graduate Programmes. Although please note that the deadline for programmes starting in 2014 and requiring a work permit is 30th April 2014. This is due to the time it takes to apply for a work permit if your application for a KPMG graduate role is successful. If you apply after this date you need to have a valid visa at the time you make your application.”

Some hope…
For a summary of changes to the student immigration policies in the UK go to:

Further information on Tier 2 visas:

UKBA Tier 2 policy guidance document

UKBA’s online points-based calculator

UKBA Shortage Occupation List

UKBA Register of Sponsors
Useful links: visas
To qualify for a tier 2 (general) visa applicants need to accrue a total of at least 70 points, of which, 50 must be awarded under the category of ‘attributes’ which includes:

Qualifications (10 points are available for Bachelors qualifications and 15 for Masters/PhD’s);
Future expected earnings (there is a threshold of £20,000 which in itself provides 10 points);
Sponsorship (30 points are available for job offers that pass the Resident Labour Market Test from which student switchers are exempt, whilst jobs on the official shortage occupation list provide the full 50 points).
Will I be eligible for a tier 2 visa?
The most likely immigration route for graduates will become the tier 2 (general) visa. This scheme enables employers to sponsor non-European Economic Area (EEA) nationals to work in the UK - in graduate level jobs only.

Applicants for this visa need to obtain a job offer and valid Certificate of Sponsorship from a sponsoring employer.

In order to issue Certificates of Sponsorship to international talent employers need to obtain a licence from the UK Border Agency (UKBA). The Register of Sponsors on the UKBA website lists those employers who have already done so. This register also helps you to gauge how open specific employers might be to recruiting international graduates.
Visa regulations
Application deadlines
14. Flexibility
15. Initiative
16. Can Summarise Key Issues
17. Logical Argument
18. Adaptability (Intellectual)
19. Numeracy
20. Adaptability (Organisational)
21. Commercial Awareness
22. Time Management
23. Self Confidence
24. Able to Influence Others
25. Creative Thinking
1. Willingness to Learn
2. Commitment
3. Dependability
4. Self Motivation
5. Teamwork
6. Communications Skills (Oral)
7. Co-operation
8. Communications Skills (Written)
9. Drive/Energy
10. Self-Management
11. Desire to Achieve
12. Problem-Solving
13. Analytical Ability
Employers’ Top 25 Attributes
Transferable Skills can include:
Communication: e.g. speaking effectively, writing concisely

Research and Planning: e.g. problem solving, goal setting go

Interpersonal: e.g. listening, delegating effectively

Management and Leadership: e.g. coordinating tasks, supervision

Work Survival: e.g. decision making and implementation, time management
Work Experience
Outside Interests
Transferable Skills
What Are Employers Looking For?
Academic entry requirements

A. The answer is that they seek a mix of good academic performance, career motivation and certain key graduate attributes, e.g. analytical skills, problem solving ability, communication skills, the ability to work in teams, etc.
What do employers want?
International students should be aware that most employers will direct both undergraduate and postgraduate candidates towards their graduate training scheme. Candidates are normally considered for ‘experienced hire’ positions only where they possess 2-3 years of relevant professional experience.
Entry levels for graduate jobs
Graduate Training Programmes
Approx. 50% of jobs are open to graduates of any degree discipline
Employers provide initial training of 1-2 years
May study for a professional qualification

Graduate Entry to UK Labour Market
Accessing the hidden jobs market
University of Glasgow Careers Network
Past and Present Colleagues
Past and Present Employers
Academics from University
Student clubs and societies
SRC Language Cafe
Professional associations
Being Proactive: Networking
Creating Your Own Network
How Do I Find A Suitable Job?
A. Through networking
Q.How to access jobs in the hidden jobs market?
Hidden jobs market
Employer presentations
Employer presentations
Careers fairs
Careers Service job listings

Careers fairs
Hidden jobs market
Where to look for jobs
The Hidden Jobs Market
Advertised vacancies
How do I find work?
Labour market information
Understanding the Labour Market in Scotland/UK:

What jobs exist?
Where are they located?
What skills, experience and qualifications are in demand?
How do I find out about jobs in Scotland/UK?
Do you agree or disagree?

1. The careers service can find you a job.
2. All U.K. job vacancies must be advertised.
3. Most graduates find work through newspaper and magazine job pages.
4. A good degree in the specific field I want to work in is the main consideration for employers.
5. It is easy to find out about my right to work in the U.K.
6. When job-hunting, it’s not what you know it’s who you know.
How much do you already know?

How can I identify graduate job opportunities?

What job seeking strategies must I adopt to find a suitable job?

What skills and attributes are employers of graduates looking for?

Job Search and Career Planning Seminars

Working outside the UK:
online job listings
Graduate career websites
Identify the type of job you are looking for
Identify the type of organisation you’d like to work for
Source the vacancies. Find out about employers
Apply for jobs and attend interviews
Review and evaluate progress. Look at ways to enhance your applications
Job search step by step
Job Search and Career Planning Seminars
60% of graduates are open to graduates of any discipline.
Q. If employers are less concerned about specific subject knowledge what exactly are they interested in?
Who is in the group?

Introduce yourself and others
"You will have over 320+ UCAS points and have or be expecting a 2:1 from your first degree."

Students from outside the UK may well be confused by concepts such as UCAS points and 2:1 degrees. It is possible to determine how international qualifications equate to UK qualifications via websites such as:

• www2.kpmgcareers.co.uk/media/files/International_Qualifications_-_Non_European.pdf

• www.thestudentroom.co.uk/wiki/Degree_Classifications
Vacancies advertised - Careers Service & other sources
Recruitment can begin 1 year in advance
Publicised through directories, websites, vacancy database, careers fairs and employer presentations, recruitment agencies and newspapers

Apply using application form or curriculum vitae (CV)
Often on-line
Competency questions

Selection Methods
application + interview + aptitude testing + assessment centre
Graduate recruitment step by step
A further 10 points must be gained from each of the remaining categories:
English language skills; and
Available maintenance funds.

Please note that international students will only be able to switch to a tier 2 visa if they are in the UK, before their student visa expires.
Working outside of the UK:
using LinkedIn
Tuesday 01 October: Seminar 1 – Graduate job search
Tuesday 08 October: Seminar 2 – Gaining work experience whilst in the UK
Tuesday 15 October: Seminar 3 - CV writing
Tuesday 22 October: Seminar4 - Application forms
Tuesday 29 October: Seminar 5 - Interview technique

Time: 3pm
Venue: Business School Lecture Theatre 206
Careers events

The clock is ticking…

Small-Medium Enterprises
recruit an increasing proportion of graduates
operate less formal systems of training

Direct Entry
with specific experience or specialist qualification
550,000 graduates (HESA)
17,000 graduate training programmes with the top 100 graduate recruiters (High Fliers)
This means that only 3% of the graduating force will access such opportunities.
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