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Greek Architecture and Art

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Kainat Syeda

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of Greek Architecture and Art

Greek Architecture & Art "What you leave behind is not what is engraved in stone monuments, but what is woven into the lives of other"..... Pericles The Three Types of Columns in Ancient Greece Statue of Athena Pericles Ancient Greek Temples Parthenon s The three orders: Ionic, Corinth, and Doric Acropolis & Erechtheum Parthenon & Temples Greek Art & Sculptures Table of Contents What is an acropolis? The Erechtheum A huge statue of Athena made of gold and ivory standing 12 meters tall was inside the Parthenon Ancient Greek Architecture & Art Feature Presentations
By Huda, Kainat, Maha & Mehak Corinthian Order ART Minoan Art Portrays a window into the past

Expressed emotions, emphasized individuality, physical perfection, ethics, gender roles
Statues, paintings, and sculptures can be found on the island of Crete
The society was constantly being developments Pottery Potter's wheel was introduced during the Protopalatial Period (1900-1700 BC)

Kameres ware was the famous style of this period

Bold colours, lines, natural scenes were used to beautify the surface

The curves enforced the contrasted shadows

The survived potteries are used by archeologists

Other forms of art did not survive as well as pottery Protogeometrical and Geometrical
Pottery (1050 - 900 BC)

First geomeric art

9th century BC - pottery desings become complex

7th century BC - human figures were found on pottery Orientalized Pottery
(900 - 600 BC)

8th - 7th century BC, pottery painting developed in eastern Greece

Corinth pottery resulted in abstract pottery Black Figure (c. 600 BC)

Very well-known in Greek pottery

Designs originate from Greek mythology

Black figures include facial features, clothing, weapons etc..

Figures of Gods were used to decorate the surface such as Zeus and Athena Other Designs 6th century B.C. new pottery began to develop

Greek pottery declined during the Hellenistic period Vases TYPES AND USES OF VASES About 100 different types

Forms shape changed and varied over time Amphora, Krater, Hydria, Lebes Gamikos Amphora
2 handled vases
Used for storage and transport

Used for mixing wine with water
Placed in the center of the room during Greek conferences

3 handled vaseUsed for drawing water, and to store the ashes of the dead

Lebes Gamikos
"Marriage Bowl"
Used for sprinkling the bride befor the wedding Athenian Vase Painting: Black- and
Red-Figure Techniques Technique used during 6th - 4th century BC in Athens

Made section by sectionOnce the vase was dry, it was attached altogether

3 stage process:

1. Oxidizing - air was used to turn the vase clay colour

2. Green wood was used and the oxygen was reduced, causing it to turn black

3. Air was used on the surface, leaving the decorated sections orange, and the rest was black Black - Figure Technique

Figures and ornaments were added to surface, the background remained
the colour of clay

The background later turned black

Figures were painted on with a brush

Red - Figure Technique

Invented arond 530 BC

Eventually replaced the Black - Figure Technique - Doric Order

- Ionic Order

- Corinthian Order What is Architecture? Phidias Parthenon temple was dedicated to Athena Why Athena? The Selinus Temple in Sicily Painting Paintings Paintings on Minoan palaces and villas

Resemble Egyptian art

Resemble other Mediterranean cultures

Paintings enforced free motion, spontaneity Painting Techniques "True wet" painting method

Time management

Nature scenes

Figures were in free movement Minoan Sculptures WARNING - NAKED MEN MAY BE PRESENT DURING THE FOLLOWING SLIDES
VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED ! Minoan Sculpture Not many sculptures have survived

Many styles have been created due to inspiration of other cultures and artist

Greeks used a variety of materials in their sculptures

Sculptures represent/honor Gods, heroes, mythical creatures, etc..

Many sculptures are of Roman origin

Divided into 7 time periods: Mycenaean Art, Sub-Mycenaean or Dark Age, Proto-Geometric, Geometric Art, Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic. Mycenaean / Dark Ages Era Mycenaean

First era - (1550 - 1200 BC)

2 separate civilizations at the time: Greeks and Mycenaeans

Agamemnon's Death Mask -16th century

Sub-Mycenaean/Dark Ages

Second era - (1100 - 1025 BC )

Very few examples - no sign of innovation in the items found

Wars and invasions interrupted improvement of civilisation Proto - Geometric / Geometric Art Proto-Geometric Era

Third era - (ca. 1025 - 900 BC)

Commencement of pottery

Greek's first attempt to bring back their civilization

Geometric Art

Fourth era - (900 - 700 BC)

Dramatic transformation - established Greek institutions

Sculptures represent each city states' heroes, key people - animals and people

New trade routes increased he varieties of Greek art Arhaic Age Archaic Age

Fifth era - (ca. 700 - 450 BC)

Naturalistic style - influence from Egypt (Orientalising Phase 735-650 BC)

Competition betewen Greek artists

Era best known for the commencement of human statues

Greeks first invented standing statues Classical Art Classical Period

Sixth era - (480 - 323 BC), Golden Age

Sculptors began creating statues out of marble

Dynamic motion, and energetic poses

Nude human body - admired for perfection

Philosophy and democracry dramatically changed art

Statues lacked expression

Sculptures represent freedom, self-dignity and determination Hellenistic Era Seventh/ Last era - (323 - 31 BC)
Dramatic changes in art
New art styles due to inspiration from other nations
More statues of "normal" people and animals
Improvemens in techniques, materials, methods Important Sculptures
Ancient Greece Kouros (male) Kore (female) Kritios boy / Charioteer of Delphi Painted Greek Warrior / Athelete Head Agamemnon Death Mask / Snake Goddess Colossus of Rhodes / Elgin Marbles Last but NOT LEAST
Elgin Marbles Elgin Marbles Thomas Bruce, removed the pieces from the Acropolis in Athens

1801 - 1812, half of the Parthenon's sculptures were taken

Marbles were purchased in 1816 by London's British Museum

The Elgin Marbles were very significant and important to Greece Thats enough naked men for one day :D

Thanks for listening! The Doric Order - Oldest and simplest
- 7th Century BCE Examples :
The Parthenon at Athens The Hephaisteion in Athens - Invented in the Ionian Islands during the 6th century BCE
-Elegant and Artistic
-Scroll like design Ionic Order The Erechtheum Examples The Temple of Athena Nike in Athens -It was invented in the city of Corinth in 5th Century BCE
-Very elegant and detailed
-The capitals had carved with leaves, flower and scrolls Example of the Corinthian Order : The Temple of Apollo Epicurius Significance and Uses of the Columns in Today's World The Charlotte City Hall The Borrow Mansion in New York The End
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