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The Compromise of 1850

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Gianna Cafini

on 8 April 2011

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Transcript of The Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 The Compromise of 1850 was 5 bills that were created to avoid conflict between the Northern and Southern states. The five bills were created by Stephen Douglas. The conflict at hand is the balance between the North and the South states due to the spread of slavery. The first bill states that California entered the union as a free state. The second bill says that the people of New Mexico and Utah are allowed to choose wheather the states would become free states or slave states. In the third bill, the Republic of Texas gave up the land it claimed in New Mexico. In return the Republic of Texas recieved 10 million dollars to pay off their debts to Mexico. The fourth bill was about how Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the District of Columbia. The fifth bill is about the Fugitive Slave Act. The Fugitive Slave Act enforced federal officials to pay a fine if they failed to arrest a runaway slave. This caused aboilitionists to increase efforts againts slavery, and itdenied fugitive’s rights to a jury trial. The Fugitive Slave Act denied fugitive's rights to a jury trial. The Fugitive Slave Act also called for changes in filing claims for slaves, and according to the act there would be more federal officials that are responsible for enforcing the laws. Many slaves left their homes and went to Canada. Over the next ten years, about 20,000 black people moved to their neighboring countries. Many slaves who had escaped were captured and sent back to slavery, and many free blacks were captured and sent to the South as well. They had no legal rights, and could not plead their cases, and they couldn't defend themselves at all. The Compromise of 1850 added new laws. In Washington D.C., buying and selling slaves was outlawed. Citizens could own the slaves that they already had, but could not sell them, or buy new ones. The land received from Mexico in the South was broken up into two states, New Mexico and Utah. The settlers could decided if they wanted slavery or not. The Compromise of 1850 had negative results, and positive results. Northerners were outraged by the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act, so this made difficult to make future compromises. The positive side is that the Compromise helped avoid sectional conflict, and it held off the Civil War for ten years. Overall, the Compromise of 1850 made a very important difference in the life of a slave, and would help make future decisions on slavery.
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