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Buddhism: An Overview

By Liam Ritchie
by

Liam Ritchie

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of Buddhism: An Overview

Buddhism: An Overview Origins Buddhism was founded by Buddha, or "The Enlightened One." He was born in 563 B.C.E. in Lumbini, and was named Siddhartha Gautama. He was surrounded with luxury for most of his life, but when he left his palace, he was appalled by the suffering that existed in the world. He then left is life of royalty to seek an escape from this suffering. After studying Hinduism, he came to the conclusion that Hinduism did not hold the answer to ending suffering. In a desperation, he took to fasting in order to find the answer, but found that it was no better in helping him find the truth thatn a life of luxury. After taking the "Middle Way," or moderation, he sat under a fig tree and vowed not to move until he reached enlightenment. The next morning he reached enlightenment, after which he began to spread his teachings and attract followers to the faith. Beliefs Buddhists believe in in an ultimate reality of impermanence, and so Buddhists seek an escape from this impermanent life through their many beliefs and guidelines. Eightfold Path Four Noble Truths Human Life is suffering
Suffering is caused by desire
Desire can be made to cease
The Eightfold Path is the way to make desire cease Right View
Right Intention
Right Speech
Right Action
Right Effect
Right Livelihood
Right Concentration
Right Mindfulness No Self Buddhists believe in the concept of no self. This concept means in Buddhist terms that there is no self since there is no division between yourself and others. This concept is said to be fully realized during enlightenment. Nonviolence Buddhists believe in nonviolence or not causing pain. Nonviolence means the refrain from any kind of pain causing activities, such as financial, physical, or emotional. Karma and Reincarnation Buddhism retained many of its concept from Hinduism, such as the concepts of Karma and Reincarnation, and both seek an escape from the cycle of reincarnation. How they break free from this cycle is what makes these two beliefs greatly different. History The history of Buddhism is largely marked by its spread throughout the world, and the disagreements within its own religion. 500 B.C.E. 0 C.E. 500 C.E. 1000 C.E. 1500 C.E. 2000 C.E. Birth of Gautama in Lumbini 563 B.C.E. 531 B.C.E. Gautama renounces the household life in order to seek a way to escape suffering. The Great Renouncement The Awakening 524 B.C.E. Gautama gains awakening at Gaya (Bodh Gaya) and preaches his first sermon of Buddhism of the Four Noble Truths, sometimes known as the Sermon at Deer Park. Buddhist Council 480 B.C.E. The first Buddhist Council meets at Rajagraha, India, after Gautama's death and compose the Tripitika (Three Baskets), a set of texts depicting Gautama's teachings. Second Buddhist Council 380 B.C.E. The Second Buddhist Council meets in Vesali over issues related to the interpretation of the Vinaya Pitika, which leadss to the division of Buddhism into two sects: Theravada and Mahayana. King Asoka 271 B.C.E. King Asoka takes the throne of the Mauryan Empire. With his conversion to Buddhism, he popularizes Buddhism throughout India. Third Buddhist Council 250 B.C.E. The Third Council, convened by King Asoka, meets at Patalinlinputra with further dispute over the doctrine of the Theravada and Mahayana. Ceylon Asoka's son, Mahinda, introduced Buddhism to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and converted the King (King Tissa) of Ceylon. Buddhism remains a major religion in Ceylon after its decline in India. China 67 C.E. China is introduced to Buddhism by monks living along trade routes. Southeast Asia 100 C.E. Theravada Buddhism is introduced to Burma (Myanmar) and Thailand through trade with other asian powers. Korea 359 C.E. Korea is first introduced to Buddhism by a chinese monk and a monk from central Asia. Japan 552 C.E. Buddhism is introduced to Japan by Buddhist images and texts sent to them by a Korean King as a means of establishing relations between each other. Samye, The first monastic university in Tibet, is established. 779 C.E. Buddhism in Japan 805-1253 C.E. During this period, many Japanese Buddhist sects were established, such as the Tendai sect founded by Saicho, or the Sato Zen sect founded by Dogen. Dalai Lama 1391 C.E. The first Dalai Lama, the head of the Geluk School of Tibetan Buddhism and secular leader of the Tibetan people, Gendun Durbpa, is born. Sonam Gyasto recieves the title of Dalai Lama from Mongol ruler Altan Khan. 1578 C.E. Light of Asia 1896 C.E. Light of Asia, which was published by Sir Edwin Arnold, creates interest in western societies in Buddhist Culture. Tenzin Gyasto, the 14th Dalai Lama, is born 1935 C.E. Cultural Revolution 1966 C.E. The Cultural Revolution, led by the communist leader Mao Tse-Tung, destroys many Buddhist temples, monasteries, and libraries in China and Tibet. Vietnam War 1970's C.E. A large influx of southeastern asian refugees, due to the Vietnam War, brings Buddhist culture to Europe and the U.S.A. Modern Influence 1980-? C.E. Buddhist growth continues in the west, through the expansion of "cyber sangha," many Buddhist-centric websites appearing on the internet, and the growth of Buddhist periodicals.
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