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Common Illnesses

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by

Juli Grantham

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Common Illnesses

College is stressful & with stress comes Illness
Common Illnesses
What are allergies?
Immune system response to something your body thinks is harmful.
They can develop at anytime and can be seasonal or caused by a new environment.
Allergies
What are some signs/symptoms?
sneezing
sniffling
coughing
hives
watery eyes
itchy skin
shortness of breath

Allergies
What are the most common allergens?
pollen
dust mites
mold
animal dander
insect stings
latex
certain foods
medication
Allergies
How can I prevent it?
minimize clutter
choose hot cycle
buy allergen proof covers
buy a dehumidifier
keep your room clean
use an air filter
wear a face mask
Allergies
Treatment:
Over the counter medication such as: Benadryl and other Antihistamines, nasal sprays, Allegra, Claritin, Zyrtec. If allergies are severe, an Epi pen can be prescribed by a doctor.



Allergies
What is it?
Mononucleosis is a viral illness that causes tiredness and weakness for weeks or months. It is sometimes called the "kissing disease".
Mono
What causes it?
One of the most common viruses, the Epstein Barr virus causes mono which is a member of the herpes virus family. Most people only get it once because bodies will develop anti bodies against it. It can be spread through saliva, mucus and tears.
Mono
Mono
Signs and Symptoms
(might not show signs until 4-8 weeks later)
fatigue
weakness
sore throat
fever
swollen lymph nodes in neck and armpits
swollen tonsils
headache
skin rash
loss of apettite
soft, swollen spleen
night sweats

Mono
Prevention
avoid sharing glasses, utensils, toothbrushes, ect.
no vaccinations for this
Treatment
To find out if you have mono, see a physician for a blood test. Mono goes away on its own but self care can help you recover more quickly.
Mono
Self-care Tips:
get plenty of rest
drink plenty of water
gargle with salt water (if you have a sore throat)
avoid contact sports & heavy lifting
take ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol)
MRSA
What is it?
It's a staff bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics.
MRSA What are the risk factors and causes?

Skin to skin contact with someone with a staff infection
contact with items and surfaces that have staff on them
Openings in the skin
Poor hygiene
MRSA Prevention
Wash hands thoroughly and often and/or use hand sanitizer
Keep cuts and scrapes clean or cover with bandages
Do not tough other people's wounds
Do not share personal items i.e. towels, razors, etc.

MRSA Treatment
If you see a skin infection that turns into a boil that's swollen, painful or filled with puss, then make an appointment with the HWC within 24 Hours.
Cold
What is it?
A cold is a viral infection in the respiratory tract which can lead to bronchitis and pneumonia if not treated properly.
Cold
Runny nose
cough
sneezing
headache
body ache
Causes:
Close contact with infected person
Touching contaminated surfaces then touching your face
More likely to catch it if you're tired, emotional distress, or have allergies with nose and throat symptoms.
Symptoms
Treatment
Antihistamines
Decongestants
Flu
What is it?
Influenza is a highly contagious virus that commonly attacks the lungs. This can lead to pneumonia if not treated properly.
Flu Symptoms
Muscle ache
weakness
runny nose
fever lasting 2-3 days
tiredness
sore throat
headache
cough
Flu Causes
Flu type A, B, and C viruses cause the flu. It spread the same way a cold is.
Flu Prevention
Vaccinations
Healthy eating
exercise
washing hands
drinking water
Flu Treatment
Rest
Tylenol
Ibuprofen
Drinking fluids
Strep Throat
Symptoms
Sore throat
fever
swollen neck glands
Causes
Bacteria called Streptococcus and is very contagious.
Prevention
Wash hands
Drink plenty of water
Exercise
Healthy eating
Treatment
Antibiotics
Rest
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