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Conquered Lands in the New World

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Meghan Münch

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of Conquered Lands in the New World

Conquered Lands in the New World
Unit 3: The Age of Exploration
EQ: What did European nations do with land conquered in the New World?
1. Europeans began to make
MINES
to search for precious metals and gems such as gold, silver, and diamonds.

2. Europeans set up
PLANTATIONS
to grow important cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, and corn.

3. Europeans used
FORCED NATIVE LABOR
to plant crops, build, and dig in mines.

Spain in the New World
Where: Modern day
Mexico
,
Texas
,
Florida
, the
Caribbean
, and portions of
South America
.

What did they do:
-
Conquistadors
treated Native Americans as if they were
savage
- Converted Natives to be
Catholic
- Took precious items such as gold from Natives, and forced them to search for more.
- Forced natives to
work in fields
and complete
manual labor

Outcome:
- Natives forced to adopt
Spanish culture
(language, religion, style of dress)
-Many Natives died from being
over worked
and from Spanish
diseases
such as
smallpox
- Spain's wealth was greatly
increased
from conquered lands in the New World
- Some Spanish married and had children with Native women.
France in the New World
Where: Land west of the
Mississippi
River, some islands in the Caribbean, modern day
Canada
, some in South America

What did they do:
- Established
forts
and
settlements
, which would become the modern day cities of
St. Louis
,
Quebec
, and
New Orleans
-
Traded
with Native peoples items such as
fur
,
tobacco
, and
European goods
- Many
French Fur Traders
married Native women

Outcome:
- Formed strong
political
and
social bonds
among Native populations

Britain in the New World
Where: Eastern coast of modern day
US
and
Canada
, and the
Caribbean

What did they do:
- Attempted to find
gold
and
silver
in the New World
- Some established
trading relations
with Native People, others
fought
with them for control of land
- Began to establish
plantations
to grow large amounts of cash crops such as tobacco, sugar cane, and cotton to send back to
England
.

Outcome:
- Began to import
slaves
from
West Africa
to keep up with growing demand for goods
-
13 Original Colonies
established
Portugal in the New World
Where: Modern Day
Brazil
and parts of South America

What did they do:
-
Fought
with native population, the
Tupi Indians
-
Enslaved
native population because they thought they were too lazy and led useless lives.

Outcome:
- Began to
import slaves
from Africa to work on plantations
-
Sugar plantations
began to spring up, and sugar became a main
export
Effects of European Presence in the New World
Millions
of Native Peoples died from European diseases
Europeans attempted to change the religion of Natives to
Christianity
Europeans began to
export
goods from the New World back home
Crops such as tobacco and cotton became highly desirable, and more was planted
Large plantations meant more labor was needed to meet growing demands
Slaves
begin to be imported from
Africa
.
So, what did Europeans do with conquered lands?
Video about Europeans in the New World
Full transcript