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English Civil War
Transcript of English Civil War
English Civil War
King Charles and Parliament did not work as a team like they’re supposed to.
Armies lacked mobility.
The king had a strong belief in the “the divine right of kings”. (1)
Charles refused to let Parliament meet and discuss in the meetings.
Parliament disagreed with everything the king said because the king did not allow their say.
Parliament armies never gave up and continued fighting harder for their fair rights.
-This showed honesty and commitment to their supporters.
The Parliamentarians called the Royalists Cavaliers.
The Royalists called the Parliamentarians Roundheads. (3)
Armies were not quick in moving along and were indecisive.
Neither side made fatal battles until 1965, when the King’s army lost.
The king forced taxes upon the citizens, but Parliament boycotted and did not pay.
Failure of Force
First Stage Characteristics
America's deteriorating financial stability (5)
Battle of Winceby
Battle of Marston Moor (6)
King and supporters fought for traditional government of Church and State
Parliamentary fought for balance of Church and State
Eleven Years' Tyranny (7)
Moderates Attain Power
Recovery Stage Characteristics
1) The Causes of the English Civil War. (n.d.). The Causes of the English Civil War. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/english_civil-war.htm
2)The English Civil War. (n.d.). The Causes of the English Civil War. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/english_civil-war.htm
3) Choosing Sides in the English Civil War. (n.d.). BBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/choosingsides_01.shtml
4)Wedgwood, C. V. (1967). The king's war 1641-1647. Burwood, N.S.W.: Royal Blind Society of New South Wales.
5)Baack, B. (2001, November 13). The Economics of the American Revolutionary War. Economic History Services. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/baack.war.revolutionary.us
6)Royle, T. (2004). Civil War: the wars of the three kingdoms, 1638-1660. London: Little, Brown.
7)Sherwood, R. E., & Sherwood, R. E. (1992). The Civil War in the Midlands, 1642-1651. Wolfeboro Falls, NH: Alan Sutton.
8)Stoyle, M. (2011, February 17). Overview: Civil War and Revolution, 1603 - 1714. BBC News. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/overview_civil_war_revolution_01.shtml
9)Cottrell, P. (n.d.). The English Civil War in the American Colonies. The English Civil War Society of America. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.ecwsa.org/English_Civil_WAr_in_the_American_Colonies.pdf
10The English Civil Wars (1642 - 1651). (n.d.). The Putney Debates 1647 . Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.putneydebates.com/civil%20wars%20summery.html
10) "English Civil War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Oct. 2014. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.
11) "English Civil Wars." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
Governments Protest Increase
King Charles raises royal standard
Wellington Declaration (4)
King Charles I raised his royal standards resulting in a split between Charles and Parliament.
The country then divided creating a civil war.
The nobility, landowners and Anglicans supported Charles I.
Citizens living in towns and cities supported Parliament.
Radicals Take Control
Much of country remained neutral (4)
Slow, Uneven Return to Quieter Times
King Charles was arrogant, conceited, and a strong believer in the kings rights. (2)
-This caused him to think he could beat anyone.
Parliament had one major advantage over the king: money.
The king forced English citizens to pay taxes on Ship Money; rich people to buy titles; and imposed a new prayer book for Scots to buy.
King Charles’ actions proved to his citizens that he could not be trusted.
Moderates Driven From Power
War breaks out again year later
Charles leads troops to Scottish border in 1639
Truce to end war is accepted
Both sides view it as temporary agreement
Charles begins gathering resources
Moderates Gain Amnesty
Rule by a Tyrant
Insufficient funds to repress Scottish rebellion
Parliament meeting discusses English grievances
Charles attacks without support- is defeated
Scots take north- require money to stop advancing
Money received from Irish taxes
Diggers started in St. George's hill
Moved to new location
New colony of Diggers founded
Diggers imprisoned in North Hampton
Amnesty law exempts people from crimes.
Indemnity and oblivion Act in 1660
Only seven exempted from act
Law in 1st year of Restoration
Centralization of Power in a Revolutionary Council
Dominated by a Strong Man
Rebelled against king Charles I
He seemed to have no supporters
Government- no power
Charles tried to combine Catholicism & government
• Parliament wanted separation of state and religion
• Charles's attempts to crush the Scots (1640)
•Irish Catholics of Ireland rose up in arms (1641)
• England's rulers tried to re-establish dominance over Ireland
• Sent a force to undertake the re-conquest of Ireland (1649)
First Civil War: King Charles raises his standard at Nottingham and the war started (1642-1646)
Second Civil War: Victory at the battle of Preston by the troops of Cromwell over the Royalists and Scots ended this war.(1648-1649)
Charles was beheaded
Third Civil War: Monarchy was overthrown; power went to council of state
Scots didn't want to be involved in the war, so it ended up in defeat at the Battle of Worcester.
War of the Three Kingdoms: a problem between 1639-1651 after England, Ireland, and Scotland went under the rule of the monarch.
Parliament had the first general election in 20 years
Election restored the monarchy
Charles the II became king (1660)
British monarchs could not govern without Parliament consent