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CMIN 301 (Sp '15) T25 - Preaching OT Prophets

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Hartmut Scherer

on 22 April 2015

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Transcript of CMIN 301 (Sp '15) T25 - Preaching OT Prophets

proclaim more
than they predict
OT Prophets

Nature of OT prophetic literature
Prophets make extensive use of the
figurative language of poetry
#1 - Prophetic books are primarily anthologies
- Therefore, it is almost impossible to outline
a) You have broken the covenant;
you had better repent!
- ritual substitutes for relationship
Social justice
Religious ritualism
b) No repentance?
Then judgment!
- Plea for repentance, but proclaim severe
consequences of rebellion
- Horrific invasions
- Loss of Promised land
c) Yet, there is hope beyond the
judgment for a glorious future
- New exodus (Isaiah), new covenant (Jeremiah),
new presence of the Spirit (Ezekiel and Joel)
- Messianic promises and future predictions
Interpretive (sermon) keys
- Anthologies are
collections of
shorter units, usually oral

proclaimed publicly to the people of Israel or Judah
usually arranged
- Look for a few major themes repeated over and over
#2 - Function and message of the prophets
Prophets function as God’s prosecuting attorneys, warning the people of the consequences of covenant violation.
Prophetic message has three basic points:
a) Repentance
b) Judgment
c) Hope
Things to avoid
Ignoring the actual OT historical context
Staying in the old covenant (wrong application)
Thinking of yourself as an OT prophet (you are a NT believers preaching OT prophetic literature)
#3 - Do not overlook the poetic
aspect of prophecy
Look at the images and figures of speeches.
Keep in mind that there is a literal reality behind the image.
Jesus Christ came to earth as a literal, physical fulfillment of OT prophetic imagery
Fulfill prophecy during his
future coming
Fulfilled prophecy in his
first advent
#4 - Focus more on applying the
broader theological principles
Don't try to fit all the details into a system
#5 - Think about the prophets’ use of
the near view - far view.
Difficult to determine whether the prophets are describing events that will occur within their lifetime (
near view
) or events that will occur much later (
far view
far view
near view
Constant Theme in OT prophetic literature
God's relationship with his people.
- syncretism, faithful husband/
unfaithful wife
- widows, orphans, foreigners
Full transcript