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Grow Your Intelligence 2: You Can Grow Your Intelligence

In this lesson, students examine evidence that practice makes perfect. Evidence includes 1. Skills they've mastered, 2. Michael Jordan's rise to basketball superstardom, and 3. the Juggling Experiment. This lesson is from www.roadstosuccess.org.

Wesley Warner

on 9 April 2012

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Transcript of Grow Your Intelligence 2: You Can Grow Your Intelligence

3 You Can Grow Your Intelligence 1 Wrap Up 5 Discuss the following: 4 Juggling Experiement No changes were found in Group A. Then, all of the participants had another MRI to show what their brains looked
like. What do you think the researchers discovered? But there were new structures in the brains of Group B, the jugglers. The changes happened in parts of the brain that process information about moving objects. In the last step of the experiment, the people in Group B discontinued their juggling – no more practice. Three months later, each person received one last MRI. A few years ago, brain researchers at the University of Regensburg in Germany wanted to know if they could see a change in people’s brains when they learned something new. They decided
to teach people to juggle,
and observe the results. 24 MRI scans The researchers worked with a group of 24 people. None of them knew how to juggle. The scientists gave them all MRI's to see their brain structure. The people were divided into two groups. Group A: The Control Group They would not learn to juggle. At each step of the experiment, their brains would be compared with the brains of the people in Group B. What would you predict happened in the brains of Group B, the people who had once juggled and no longer practiced? Would you expect any brain changes in Group A, the people who had never juggled? Group A Group B For three months, the people in Group B practiced juggling. The people in Group A did not. If you were going to design an experiment to test whether learning changes your brain, what would you do? 2 Practice Makes
Perfect Period 1 Period 2 Period 3 Period 4 Period 7 Period 6 Examples of Learning Through Practice Examples of Learning Through Practice Examples of Learning Through Practice Examples of Learning Through Practice Examples of Learning Through Practice The Myth of Michael Jordan Michael Jordan is one of the best basketball players of all time. His average points per game is the highest in NBA history – 31.5. He is one of two players to score more than 3000 points in a single season. And he has 11 MVP awards – five for the regular season and six for the finals.

It was dazzling to watch Jordan play. People often spoke of his grace on the court. They talked about his natural abilities.

But the true story is different. When he was a sophomore in high school, Michael Jordan didn’t even make the team. “It was embarrassing not making the team,” he says. “They posted the roster [list of players] and it was there for a long, long time without my name on it. I remember being really mad, too, because there was a guy who made it that wasn’t as good as me.”

Someone else might have sulked, or quit. But this setback only fueled Jordan’s desire to improve. “Whenever I was working out and got tired and figured I ought to stop, I’d close my eyes and see that list in the locker room without my name on it,” Jordan says, “and that usually got me going again.”

The phys ed teacher at Jordan’s high school, Ruby Sutton, describes Jordan’s commitment to the game in those days. “I would normally get to school between 7 and 7:30. Michael would be at school before I would. Every time I’d come in and open these doors, I’d hear the basketball. Fall, wintertime, summertime. Most mornings I had to run Michael out of the gym.”

Adapted from “Michael Jordan transcends hoops” by Larry Schwartz. ESPN.com, 2007. (from www.roadstosuccess.org) The Myth of Michael Jordan Home Examples of Learning Through Practice tara - cooking [tried out new recipes, practice old recipes, 7 1/2 years] courtney - loving Jesus [gather information, practices loving God, 5 1/2 years] Examples of Learning Through Practice Examples of Learning Through Practice Examples of Learning Through Practice Warm Up:
How I Became an Expert Name one subject or activity that you do well
(for example, math, basketball, playing the guitar, painting, cooking, or car repair). describe how you learned it list two things you've done to become better at this activity This is a prezi translation of a supurb lesson that can be found at http://www.roadstosuccess.org/materials/facilitators-guides/grade-7 What scientific evidence do we have from the researchers in Germany? You Can Grow Your Intelligence Mysteries of the Brain Revealed! Practice Makes Perfect “Practice makes perfect!” Coaches say it. Teachers say it. And now scientists are saying it, too. If you’ve always thought that you were smart or dumb, athletic or klutzy, artistic or not-so-artistic, think again. It turns out that old “practice makes perfect” saying is true.

The evidence is all around you. Basketball players spend time in the gym, practicing passing, shooting, and defensive skills. Their coaches watch their performances and suggest ways they can improve their technique. The more they practice, the better they get. This works for school subjects as well - from algebra to zoology. Build a Better Brain It might surprise you to know that practice causes changes in the brain. Your brain has billions of nerve cells called neurons. To think and solve problems, your brain sends messages from one neuron to the next. Learning builds connections between neurons. When you practice a skill, you’re building these connections. The more you practice, the more connections you have, the better you get at the thing you’re practicing.

See the power of practice as real neurons grow dendrites in the video above. This video was filmed in the labratories at MIT and can be found at http://techtv.mit.edu/videos/9111-watching-neurons-grow What happens to the nerve cells in the brain as learning takes place? They would learn and practice juggling. Group B: The Experimental Group Juggling Experiment Andy: BMX, practice every day, 9 years Cassandra: Cooking, watching tv shows, try cooking in the kitchen, 4 years Koraima: Dance, practice everyday, 17 years Michael: Basketball, motivated, practice every day, since he was a sophmore Pair up and describe this learning process to a partner, allowing a minute for each to speak. Ivan: Guitar, learned from brother, practiced over and over again, 4 years Nick: Soccer, practiced for 12 years, played with family Lupe: Painting, learned in Ms. Pena's class, 6 months michael, basketball, trained every day, failures fueled him. Andy: Drawing, looked at pictures, practiced, 4 years Luzarelli: Drawing, Practiced, 11 years Barbara: Cooking, cooked every day, looked up recipes, 9 years. Micheal: basketball, disapointments drove him, he trained everyday no matter what The changes are colored yellow to make them easier to see. What everyday evidence do we have that it is possible to “grow your intelligence”? Joel: Boxing, practices 3 times a week, for 2 years Fatima: Basketball, playing since a child, couple times a week. Martha: Soccer, practice 3 times a week, 1 year experience. Mr. Warner: Teaching, 3 years, practice 5 days a week. Mayra: Dancing, 3 years, every day practice. marisol: babysitting, 3 years, 3 days a week sometimes more or less. Michael: Basketball, he didn't
give up, practiced every morning Experiment: a procedure designed to examine the effects of a treatment. Often two groups are compared. The first group is exposed to one kind of treatment, while the other gets another kind of treatment, or often no treatment at all. Both groups are observed to see if any changes took place as a result of the treatment. Make a Flow Map of the Experiment Write down your response to the following questions: Patricia: Cooking, Practiced every day, 6 years experience Victor: Painting, Practicing since 5, art classes, 13 yrs experience Mina: Volleyball, practice after school, 2 years Michael: Basketball, practiced every day, used his disapoints to encourage him. Mario: Soccer, Practicing about 2x a week, 12 years experience Ceasar: Football, playing, practicing 3 years Johnny: rapping, 5 years experience, freestyled everywhere he went Saryh: Cooking, learned from mom, cooked almost everyday for 3 years+ Michael: basketball, practiced, didn't give up, positive dylan - bass [practice everyday, listened to other experts.
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