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Roman Britain

Latin Two Project! :)

Mary Driver

on 8 February 2011

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Transcript of Roman Britain

Born to T. Flavius Sabinus and Vespasia Polla. Roman Britain 40-60 AD Mary, Sarina, Emily, and Caleb! Caratacus Caractacus led the beginning of the British resistance against the Roman invasion because he was the king of Catuvellauni.
He and his brother, Togodumnus, led the Anti-Roman campaign which held them off for nine years. His final defeat was against Ostorios Scapula in 51 AD. His forces were defeated but he escaped and fled to Brigantes. Durotriges This tribe was located near Dorset which had a high mineral rich area and they minted coins. Many of the famous hill forts were made by the Durotriges.
There was a major port, Hengistbury Head, located in the land of the Durotriges but these people used local pottery instead. Cantiaci Lived in what is now Kent in Britain People have found pottery, tile kilns, and iron mines that these people used. They bordered the Regnenses on the west.
Are thought to have been created by the Romans because there is not a record of this tribe before the Roman invasion. Dumnorix The leader of the Aedui tribe who were a Celtic tribe in Gaul. Hated the Romans, especially Julius Caesar. Planned, along with Orgetorix, a migration from modern day Switzerland to the west of France. Regnenses Under the control of King Cogidubnus Did not exist prior to the Roman invasion. The biggest industry in this area was iron. After King Cog's death (80 AD) the land was divided into 3 cities. http://www.britannia.com/history/bb51.html http://www.celtnet.org.uk/brythonic-tribes.html http://www.roman-britain.org/tribes/cantiaci.htm http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e9/Map_of_the_Territory_of_the_Regnenses.svg/85px-Map_of_the_Territory_of_the_Regnenses.svg.png Fishbourne This was a Roman palace that was found during the 1960s. Developed from a military base in 43 AD. Located in West Sussex like the Regenses. Had spectacular gardens. Right by the Ocean. http://www.roman-britain.org/places/images/fishbourne_model.jpg http://www.angelfire.com/me/ik/bibracte-i.html The Druids They are a member of a priestly class in Britain, very little is known, and they left no written accounts of themselves The existence of druidism is much older than anything we have uncovered. Druid was a distinction given to knowledgeable of wise men and women. They considered the oak and mistletoe to be sacred. They used them as universities of the druids, where students come to learn. Londinium Established as a town/fort by the Romans after the invasion of AD 43 led by the Roman Emperor Claudius. Archaeologist now believe it was founded as a civilian settlement It is situated on the north bank of the river Thames Londinium became one of the biggest Roman cities covering over 300 acres and containing a pop. Of over 15,000 Claudius Tiberias Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus ( 10 B.C – 54 AD) Emperor of Rome from 41 AD to 54 AD He suffered from an illness, many believe it was cerebral palsy- a condition that can involve the brain and nervous system functions such as movement, hearing, seeing, and thinking There was never a time in Roman Empire when the Emperor was given so much power as him. He was married four times Vespasian Titus Flavius Vespasianus After he serves time in army in Thrace, rose to be aedile and praetor, having married Flavia Domitilla, a daughter of a Roman knight, they had two sons, Titus and Domitian, who both became emperors. He put himself in command of the 2nd legion in Britain. He died of natural causes Cogidubnus Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus First century king of the Regnenses Ancestry of Cogidubnus is obscure. It is possible that he was a prince of the Atrebates He was a loyal friend to Rome. Agricola Cnaeus Julius Agricola Roman general and govenor of the provience of Britannia. He credited with overseeing the final conquest of Britain. He met with Caledonian war leader Calgacus in a major battle at Mons Graupius. They suffered 10,000 deaths. And the Romans only 360. Shortly after this battle, he was recalled to Rome, because of jealousy over all of his sucess. Deva Deva Victrix A town and fortress built in Britannia by Vespian in the 70s AD. Very unique building structure and had a lot of extra things in it that most fortresses did not have. It was 20% larger than most of the other fortresses and it is thought that it was built to be the headquarters to launch a takeover of Ireland. There was a town of civilians that built around this fortress and today this is the city of Chester. Hadrian's Wall http://reference.findtarget.com/search/Legio%20XX%20Valeria%20Victrix/ Built across the Tyne-Solway isthmus in Scottland. Built by Emperor Hadrian after a visit to Britian to seperate the barbarian tribe of the Brigantes in the north from the rest of the tribes in southern Scotland. The wall still stands to day as a testament to the Roman's amazing building ability! Tacitus Believed to be born in AD 56 to an aristocratic family in Gaul and died in AD 120. Was very successful in politics, he was a senator, a consul, and governor in the Roman province of Asia. He was a source of information and wrote many different historical documents on Imperial Rome, Roman Britain, and the Germanic Tribes. http://www.angelfire.com/me/ik/bibracte-i.html http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/historianstacitus/a/Tacitus.htm Aqua Sulis/Bath http://www.roman-britain.org/places/aquae_sulis.htm Was and still is a well-known town. Consists of a very large, complex bath-house built around a natural hot spring. The baths were built to dedicate the goddess Sulis Minerva. Was one of the most wanted places for the Romans to retire in. Cartimandua The only woman other than Boudica mentioned in the ancient sources. Was a British Celtic queen on the side of Rome over the Brigantes tribe. Was the wife of Venutius and after he divorced her, he fought viciously with her. Most well-known for handing over Caratacus to the Romans. He sought shelter with her and she put him in chains and handed him over. Boadicea http://www.hartleyfamily.org.uk/NamePage.htm http://sev2maryann.severnschool.com/student_life/ms_classes/gyost/classes/L8_10_11.html Was married to the ruler of the Iceni people and when he died, she became the ruler. She was a very large woman with long red hair and wore a dress of many colors and a braided gold necklace Her and her warriors defeated the Roman Ninth Legion, London,, St Albans and the capital of Roman Britain. Was eventually defeated by the Roman army led by Paulinus and took poison to kill herself. Caesar refused to grant the Helvetii permission to cross Roman land. Suetonius Paulinus a Roman general who was best known for being the commander who defeated the rebellion of Boudica. he was appointed as governor of Britain. had two successful years of reducing tribes and strengthening garrisons Camulodunum an ancient Roman settlement now known as Colchester. claimed to be the oldest town in Britain was the capital of the Trinovantes tribe. Brigantes celtic tribe in pre-roman times. no written records until the Roman conquest of Britain. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Iceni_coin_1.jpg was a celtic tribe which inhabited an area of Britain. there were torcs, gold rings, and types of nacklaces that were archeological evidence of the tribes existence. when the Romans left Britain it is possible that the Iceni migrated West. Iceni Atrebates was a Belgic tribe of Gaul and Britain before the Romans conquered them. they lived in modern Artois in nothern France. they attacked Caesar at the battle of the Sabis, but they lost. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/Map_Gallia_Tribes_Towns.png
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