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Transportation and Communication in the Industrial Revolution
Transcript of Transportation and Communication in the Industrial Revolution
In the 1700’s, England’s modes of transportation were atrocious. They needed to be improved for anything to happen about its economy. Most of the roads were just mud tracks, and it was very expensive to travel to anywhere.
When technology did improve, it allowed more food and supplies to be conveyed to and from everywhere, bringing more money into the country. Improving Technology For Transportation James Macadam invented the Macadam road, which consisted of 3 layers of graded stone, largest on the bottom, smallest on the top. these roads never got muddy and they shed water easily. Building a road was expensive,though, so the Government introduced the turnpike system. This allowed private companies to own parts of a road and charge a toll to travellers using it.
Roads Canals and Railways Better roads didn't entirely solve the problem of England's awful transportation. Another way to move large loads of supplies was over water. Engineers started to build narrow, artificial water channels-these were called canals. The first one was finished in 1760, and soon there was over 4,000 kilometres spider-webbing the UK A Macadam road A canal in Wales Locomotives were perhaps one of the most important inventions of the 17th century. in 1829, George and Robert Stephenson invented "the rocket," a steam engine that could pull a small train at an amazing 39 km/h. No-one had ever built something so big that could travel so fast before. by the mid-1800's, there were railways everywhere in Europe and some in North America. By the end of the 1800's, railways were all over the world. George and Robert Stephensons' "Rocket" How did this affect the industrial revolution? This destroyed the "cottage industry" and it forced people to move to the city if they wanted to make money. The End thanks for watching! Advances in Communication The Telegraph invented in the late 1780's, they were the most common way of communication over distance. Telegraphs were divided into a few types: optical (or Helios), morse, and electrical cable. They each used a different way to convey a message. an advanced version of the morse telegraph Created by Jonah Shaw as more people moved to england, the more people there were to work in factories