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Beethoven: Biography and Music

Collection of performances and bio notes for music teachers to use as a free resource or guided music lesson plan for teaching students about the life and music of Ludwig van Beethoven. Works beautifully on a Smart Board. www.MusicTeaching.Guru
by

Gregory Pavliv

on 7 January 2016

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Transcript of Beethoven: Biography and Music

Ludwig van Beethoven

www.MusicTeaching.Guru
Famous Pieces
Personal Opinions
Moonlight Sonata
Fur Elise
Musical Elements and Significance
Fur Elise
Ode to Joy
Piano Sonata No. 14
Basic Information
Interesting Facts
Biography
Born in Germany, on 16th December 1770
Died 26th March 1827 in Vienna, Austria
Father was the first to teach him music
Eldest son of his family
He didn’t marry but had one child
Composed from the end of the Classical Era to the beginning of the Romantic Era
Became deaf by the last decade of his life
Became isolated as he lost his hearing in his final few years
Diagnosed with pneumonia, but still retained his sense of humor
Had a hard childhood due to his alcoholic father
Mother died when he was 18, leaving him to take care of his 2 brothers
Studied with the composers Haydn and Mozart
Also known as Moonlight Sonata
2nd and 3rd movement
Also known as Bagatelle No. 25 in A minor
- The first movement is memorable and soothing

- The second movement is cheerful, which stands out and acts like a bridge between the movements

- The final movement is grand and climactic which gives the fell of a grand finale
- It is a master of its' era
- Incorporated into many pianos
- Known by people who do not even play piano, or know any other song by Beethoven
- Melody has the softest flow, followed by a rough trench, then back to a soft flow
- Similar to a storm
- Maximizes the use of dynamics, adds to the melodic flow
The End
Beethoven at the age of 34
Beethoven at the age of 13
Also known as Symphony No. 9
- memorable melody
- changes in pitch keep it refreshing
- clean transition from soft to loud
- increasing overall pitch and volume made the piece feel stronger
- consistent tempo kept balance in the piece

Played by Valentina Lisitsa
Played by Valentina Lisitsa, Ukrainian born pianist
Musical Elements
- 4/4 time
- very simple and by the book
- string quartet used
- structured harmony
- dynamics and pitch work together
to make this piece stronger

Significance
- comes from Beethoven's 9th
Symphony
- very important to Beethoven
- represents brotherhood
- displays the bonds that can overcome any boundaries
- can be seen as gateway to happiness

House of birth,
now a museum
Beethoven's grave
Musical Elements
First Movement
- Cut time (2/2) notation, c# minor
- Tempo: Adagio Sostenuto
- Dynamics: Mostly pp, the highest is mf

Second Movement:
- 3/4 notation, D flat major
- Tempo: Allegretto
- Dynamics: majority is p, but a handful of fp helps to maintain the movement's cheerful disposition.

Third Movement:
- 4/4 notation, c# minor
- Tempo: Presto agitato
- Very strong and many crescendos
- Heavy use of fast arpeggios and strongly accented notes
Significance
- It is one of the most important and well-known compositions
- Published in 1802, it is dedicated to Countess Giulietta Guicciardi, Beethoven’s pupil and passion
- The original title was “Quasi una fantasia” (Italian. almost a fantasy)
- It was later renamed by German music critic, Ludwig Rellstab in 1836
Classical Era terms and definitions
Symphony: A large, multi-movement work for a large instrumental ensemble
Concerto: A 3-movement composition, usually a solo instrument accompanied by an orchestra
Opera: A performance which involves singers and musicians combining text and musical score
Overture: An instrumental introduction to an opera
String Quartet: Ensemble consisting of 2 violins, 1 viola, and 1 cello
Minuet: The section the precedes the Trio in the third movement of a symphony
Ode to Joy
Musical Elements
- A minor
- 3/8 time signature
- Melody has a soft flow between the left and right hands
- Constant trills
- Dynamics are very soft, constant use of crescendos and decrescendos
- Different style of polyphony, constant flow between two hands rather than melody and accompaniment
Significance
- One of Beethoven's famous pieces
- Incorporated in pianos all over the world today
- About a girl who rejected him in 1808, or one of his girl friends for a while
- Follows an A, then B, then A form
Full transcript