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The Odyssey Project
Transcript of The Odyssey Project
"Nine days I drifted on the teeming sea before dangerous high winds." -Odysseus, pg. 1048. Odysseus spent a lot of time at sea venturing with his men. However, Poseidon, god of the sea, did not favor Odysseus because he blinded his son Polyphemus. Therefore, Poseidon gave Odysseus rough seas whenever Odysseus was sailing. This was an external conflict between man and god.
"Then he dismembered them and made his meal gaping and crunching like a mountain lion."
-Odysseus, pg. 1053. Odysseus was faced with another external conflict when he was challenged and attacked by the Cyclops.
An internal conflict that Odysseus was faced with was trying to escape Polyphemus. This was both an internal and external conflict. It was internal to Odysseus because he was worried that he had trapped his men and himself there forever. Part Two:
"-but death and darkness in that instant closed the eyes of Argus."-pg. 1097. When Argus dies, it created an internal conflict within Ody because he had left his dog Argus behind for twenty years.
"Odysseus' arrow hit him under the chin and punched up to the feathers through his throat."-pg. 1107. The suitors and Odysseus had an external conflict at Penelope's contest when Odysseus attacks and kills the suitors for revenge.
On pgs. 1111-1114, Penelope tests to see if Odysseus is truly her husband. This results in both and internal and external conflict between and within both characters. Odysseus' Key Sayings THERE IS MUSIC Part One:
"Elpenor, of our company, lay unburied still on the wide earth - dead in Circe's hall." -Odysseus, pg. 1065
"Sirens weaving a haunting song over the sea."
-Odysseus, pg. 1071
"Then Scylla made her strike, whisking six of my men from the ship."-Odysseus, pg. 1075 Part Two:
"Suppose Athena's arm is over us and Zeus her father's, must I rack my brains for more?"-Odysseus, pg. 1094
"Slowly he shook his head from side to side, containing murderous thoughts." pg. 1099
"May his fortune grow an inch for every inch he bends it!" pg. 1104 Odysseus' Key Actions How is Odysseus described?
Odysseus is the king of Ithaca. He is married to Penelope and his son is Telemachus. He is a strong and mighty soldier who fought at Troy and still fights with his men throughout the story. Many think of Odysseus as a stuck up, selfish soldier who only cares for himself. Others look at him as the greatest man to ever walk the earth.
"Men hold me formidable for guile in peace and war: this fame has gone abroad to the sky's rim."-Odysseus, pg. 1047 In many parts of this story, Odysseus is put in a situation where he must save his men from life or death situations.
Odysseus lies to Polyphemus in order to safely leave the island.
Odysseus is forced to listen to the Siren's by strapping himself to the ship's mast.
When Odysseus is using the special bow at Penelope's contest, he kills the suitors to get revenge for lying to Penelope. What is the theme of The Odyssey? The theme in The Odyssey is perspective of a hero. This is the theme because the whole story is told from Odysseus. However, Odysseus is only a hero to some. Hero's Map The Cyclops:
Ody and his men go to the mainland and enter a cave to try and get some food after they spot some goats and other food. Before Ody can get the food, Polyphemus, a cyclops, spots them. Polyphemus is the son of Poseidon. Polyphemus was nice to Ody, but quickly attacked and killed two of Ody's men. Ody and his men escape the next day after blinding Polyphemus. However, in his anger, Polyphemus' father, Poseidon creates a terrible sea storm that Odysseus' ship must face.
"Then he dismembered them and made his meal gaping and crunching like a mountain lion."-Odysseus, pg. 1053 The Land of the Dead:
Odysseus travels to the underworld to speak with the prophet Tiresias, who tells him how to get back to Ithaca, Ody's homeland. Circe also wants Odysseus to travel to the Land of the Dead to gather the souls of the dead in this part of The Odyssey. When Odysseus first gets to this terrible place, he see's Elpenor, a man who was part of Ody's crew. Elpenor explains to Ody how he fell off of Circe's roof in the night and died. Elpenor also wants Ody to give his body a proper burial. After speaking with Elpenor, Odysseus meets many other hero's before he speaks with Tiresias.
"ignoble death I drank with so much wine. I slept on Circe's roof, then could not see the long steep backward ladder, coming down, and fell that height. My neckbone, buckled under, snapped, and my spirit found this well of dark."-Elpenor, pg. 1067 The Sirens:
The night before Odysseus and his men leave Circe's island, she tells him how to escape by staying close to the Siren's island coastline and listening to their song. Odysseus is forced to plug all of his men's ears so they can not hear the songs. However, Odysseus must have his men tie him to the ship's mast so he can listen to the Sirens. The songs of the Sirens are seductive and Ody begs to be released but his men keep him on the mast for his own good.
"Therefore, you are to tie me up, tight as a splint, erect along the mast, lashed to the mast, and if I shout and beg to be untied, take more turns of the rope to muffle me."-Odysseus, pg. 1071 Scylla and Charybdis:
After Odysseus and his men get past the Siren's island, they must sail around Scylla and Charybdis. Charybdis is a giant whirlpool and Scylla is a six-headed sea monster. As Odysseus and his men stare at Charybdis on one side of the ship, Scylla comes up on the other side of the ship and eats six of Ody's men.
"My men all blanched against the gloom, our eyes were fixed upon that yawning mouth in fear of being devoured. Then Scylla made her strike, whisking six of my best men from the ship."-Odysseus, pgs. 1074-1075 The Cattle of the Sun God:
After being attacked by Scylla, Eurylochus, one of Odysseus' men, persuades Ody to let his crew rest at the Island of the Sun God. When they arrive at the island, their ship gets beached and the crew is forced to survive off of the scarce food supply from the ship. One day while Ody is still asleep, Eurylochus convinces the crew to kill the Sun God's cattle for food. The crew slaughters all of the cattle. Odysseus must get his crew to leave the island immediately. As they leave, the Sun God is angered and begs Zeus to create a storm at sea for the men as a punishment. The storm kills all of the crew, except for Odysseus. Odysseus is left on wood from the ship and had to escape from Scylla and Charybdis again.
"Nor had I yet seen the worst of it: for now the west wind dropped, and a southeast gale came on - one more twist of the knife - taking me north again, straight for Charybdis."-Odysseus, pg. 1081 Argus:
As Odysseus and his friend Eumaeus go to the palace, they pass an old dog named Argus is lying outside of the palace. Argus was Ody's dog before he went to Troy. Ody had left Argus for twenty years. Argus begins to follow the two men into the megaron, but dies at first sight of his old owner Odysseus. This scene shows how careless Odysseus was when an old loved one dies, and it could be a trait of how he may not be a hero.
"but death and darkness in that instant closed the eyes of Argus, who had seen his master, Odysseus, after twenty years."-pg. 1097 The Suitors:
When Odysseus and Eumaeus enter the palace, disguised as beggars, Antinous and the Suitors begin to shout and yell mean words at Ody and Eumaeus. Ody tells Antinous that he has more looks than heart and tells him he is selfish. Antinous hits Ody with a stool and shouts more mean words at both Ody and Eumaeus. In this scene, Ody shows the traits of a hero because he is the bigger, more mature person on the situation.
"if there are Furies pent in the dark to avenge a poor man's wrong, then may Antinous meet his death before his wedding day!"-Odysseus, pg. 1098 Penelope:
After the "beggar" (Odysseus) finishes his skirmish with Antinous, Penelope begins to interrogate the beggar. Penelope is the husband of Odysseus, but she fails to see that Odysseus is disguised as the beggar. Penelope begins to ask him where he is from and why he came to the palace. The beggar does not answer her questions. Instead, he compliments her and tells her how lucky of a man he is to be meeting her. Penelope tells him of how her husband Odysseus must have died at Troy, for he has not returned. The beggar tells her a story about and Odysseus, and soon tells her that he will return.
"Between the present dark and one day's ebb, after the wane, before the crescent moon, Odysseus will come."-Odysseus disguised as a beggar, pg. 1103 Penelope's Challenge:
The Suitors and Penelope decide that the man who can string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axhandle sockets will be the man that Penelope will marry. After all of the suitors can not complete the challenge, Odysseus asks for a try. Though he is still disguised, he is lucky and is allowed one try. Odysseus takes his time looking at and tuning the bow. Many of the suitors believe that he knows everything about bows, and that he will succeed. Odysseus takes one shot and the arrow cleanly travels through all of the axes.
"Now flashed arrow from twanging bow clean as a whistle through every socket ring, and grazed not one, to thud with heavy brazen head beyond."-pg. 1105 Odysseus' Revenge:
Telemachus, Odysseus' son, can tell that it was truly his father who managed to cleanly shoot the arrow through the sockets. He stands in honor after his father shoots the arrow. Odysseus begins to remove his disguise and tells the suitors that there time at the palace is over. Odysseus shoots and arrow through Antinous' neck. The suitors become worried, but Eurymachus tells them to attack Odysseus. As they charge, Odysseus, Eumaeus, Telemachus, and a small group of herdsman kill all of the suitors. The Goddess Athena aids them as they fend off attacking suitors. After the attack, Odysseus reveals to Penelope that he is actually Odysseus.
"And Odysseus looked around him, narrow-eyed, for any others who had lain hidden while death's black fury passed. In blood and dust he saw that crowd all fallen, many and many slain."-pg. 1111 Penelope has a hard time believing that the beggar was Odysseus in disguise. She asks him a series of questions as a test. Odysseus knows the exact response to the questions and the couple is finally reunited. The Five Pillars of the Grad @ Grad:
Odysseus Open To Growth Odysseus was
open to growth
because he was
able to adjust
to many of the
and needs. For example:
met his old crew
mate Elpenor in
the Land of the
asked that Ody
give his body a
I promise you the
barrow and the
pg. 1067 Intellectually Competent Odysseus was very Intellectually
Competent. This was because
he always knew the smart thing to
do in all situations he was faced
with. For example:
When Odysseus was disguised
as the beggar when Penelope
held the competition with the bow,
Odysseus realized that the bow
used was his old bow. Therefore, he
asked to have one shot in the
competition, and he won. "Now
flashed arrow from twanging bow
clean as a whistle through every
socket ring, and grazed not one, to
thud with heavy brazen head
beyond."-pg. 1105 Loving Odysseus was very loving in this
story. He loved his crew as if they
were his brothers. Ody also loved
his son Telemachus. The love of
Ody's life was his wife, Penelope,
who he would die for. For example:
When Penelope finds out that it is
truly Odysseus after he rids of his
disguise, she is full of rejoice and
happiness to know that her husband
had returned safely. "and she too
rejoiced, her gaze upon her husband,
her white arms round him pressed
as though forever."-pg. 1114 Committed to Doing
Justice Odysseus is committed to doing
justice because whenever Odysseus
knows he has done wrong, he
always made up for it. For Example:
When Circe is angry with Odysseus,
he does as she has asked and travels
to the underworld to attract the souls
of the dead. "Thus to assuage the
nations of the dead I pledged these
rites, then slashed the lamb and ewe,
letting their black blood stream into
the wellpit"-Odysseus, pg. 1065 Religious Odysseus was very religious in this
story. He always prayed to the Gods
for assistance when he needed it
most. Also, Athena, Apollo, and
Zeus were all Gods and Goddess'
who favored Odysseus. For Example:
When Odysseus, Telemachus, and
Eumaeus fought against the Suitors,
Athena and Apollo assisted them in
doing so. (See pg. 1110) The End...
Song: Short Change Hero
Song By: The Heavy