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Ancient Civilizations

Civilizations
by

María Cristina Valdez

on 19 August 2011

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Transcript of Ancient Civilizations

Fertile Crescent Civilizations
Fertile Crescent
Newspaper Mesopotamia Land between rivers
Sumerians
Agrarian civilization
Irrigation farming
Close to the rivers Tigris and Eufrates
City - states
Irrigation system powered by gravity
Bronze metal utensilis
Disputes and wars because of water
Polytheists
Innana: Goddes of love and fertility
Enki: Water God.
Ziggurats: pyramids with steps. Tower of Babel
Everything on behalf of the community
Slavery existed as a way to pay a debt or because
you lost the war.
Hammurabi's code (civil rules) Characteristics: Legacy Calendar
Measure of time in units of 60
(60 minutes)
Geometry & Trigonometry
Invention of writing (abstract meaning)
First monumental buildings
probably the wheel Location Between the Tigris and Eufrates Rivers
Today: Iran and Iraq Egypt: Nile Valley Characteristics Controlled by a king: pharaoh
The pharaoh was the falcon god Horus in the Earth.
Pharaoh responsible of the welfare of the community.
Composed mainly by peasants.
Agrarian Civilization
Close to the Nile river.
Gods:
Amun-Ra: God of the sun & the embodiment of all Gods
Maat: Goddess of truth and justice
Horus: made visible the Pharaoh
Ptah: God of rebirth and renewal of all life.
Osiris: God of afterlife.
Last judegement by Osiris done mainly by Maat. Legacy Concept of afterlife
Writing: hieroglyphics
Bureaucracy Curious data Women and men make up their faces.
Whiter, better status. Location Next to the Nile River
Egypt China India Olmecs I think this is about feelings! Agrarian Civilization
Close to a river
Cope with adversity: problem solving
Political power was centralized.
Labor specialization
Politheist
Priests had important role.
Slavery E Mesopotamia legacy
writing: abstract concepts
measure of time
trigonometry
geometry Chinese legacy Egypt legacy
writing: hieroglyphics
bureaucracy
afterlife concept writing Diagram of similitude and difference 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 5000 BCE Sumerian Nile Valley Characteristics Han and Tibetan population
Based on dynasties Characteristics Legacy Location Agrarian Civilization
Indus Valley civilization origins still unknown, Settlements were found near important rivers.
Rapid growth of population and farming - towns became cities
Huge trade network linking eastern Mediterranean, East Africa, Arabia, Asia
Religious belief, rather than government, held its people together, towns were governed by priest Developed irrigated fields. India - near the Indus and Saraswati Rivers Bronze casting and writing Legacy Strictly hierarchical society
Powerful king and warrior court
Skilled artisans, small traders in towns
Most of the people were peasants
They had cults to royal ancestors
Family was really important
Education and literacy They believed that deities and ancestor spirits controlled natural forces Curious data Location Near the Yellow River Characteristics Legacy Location Maize tortillas were common products
Ruled by a Polytheistic theocracies, astronomer-priests of (semi-) divine status
Cities were religious centers with pyramids, temples, palaces and ritual ball courts
Bloody ceremonies for the people
Extensive trade networks with other civilizations
Cultural exchange as a result of trade
Its fall dates from 600-500 BCE,
Their knowladge and achievements passed to the Maya Olmecs means: “People of the Land of Rubber” Near modern Veracruz Used accurate calendars to regulate agriculture and religion
Writing and numerical systems Curious data
Full transcript